Learned Societies Freemasonry Sciences And Literature In 18th Century Hungary

Author: Réka Lengyel
Publisher: Lengyel Réka
ISBN: 9634160905
Size: 75.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The present collection of primary sources, comprised of printed and manuscript materials, offers a new approach to the history of learned societies and Freemasonry in Hungary in the 18th century. Materials include academic proposals, regulations of learned societies and reading circles, letters, pamphlets as well as Masonic constitutions, rituals, orations, essays, and a sentimental novel. In addition to the Latin- and German-language documents, some Hungarian-language sources of special importance are published in English translation. The sources in the first part of the collection illustrate the growing desire and ambition among Hungarian intellectuals for establishing national literature and science, and for raising the level of general literacy among the population. Starting from the diagnosis that, compared to other European countries, Hungary was quite backward in terms of cultivating the sciences, several people emphasized the need to raise the standards of public education, while others thought that establishing learned societies or scientific academies could change the situation. The examination of the history of learned and secret societies shows that in 18th-century Hungary social culture could develop within the framework of Freemasonry. The functioning learned societies and reading circles were established at the initiative of lodge members, and a large number of the authors of the proposals were also Freemasons. The establishment of learned societies was motivated by the ideas which were also the guiding principles of the Freemasons: spreading enlightenment, promoting the well-being of the people, and supporting the sciences and the arts. The editors intended to bring to an international audience the selected materials which warrant further research and examination.

Kwic Index Of Rock Mechanics Literature

Author: J P Jenkins
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483188256
Size: 77.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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KWIC Index of Rock Mechanics Literature, Part 2: 1969-1976 is an index of subjects in rock mechanics. The KWIC (keyword-in-context) index is produced by cyclic permutation of significant words in the title of the publication. The text covers materials in rock mechanics and geomechanics published around the 70s. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of geological sciences.

Law Literature And Society In Legal Texts From Qumran

Author: Jutta Jokiranta
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004393382
Size: 40.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The essays in this collection examine halakhic and rule texts found at Qumran, focusing on legal issues, the role of halakhah in relations with other Second Temple groups, and the literary development and intertextual relationships of the manuscripts.