Conquistadores Como Portugal Forjou O Primeiro

Author: Roger Crowley
Publisher:
ISBN: 9788542208801
Size: 38.65 MB
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Por que o Brasil não foi descoberto por acaso? Como uma nação pequena e pobre desfrutou de um século de supremacia marítima, descobrindo rotas e novas terras? A partir de cartas, documentos inéditos e testemunhos oculares, Roger Crowley conta a história da ascensão rápida e espantosa de Portugal ao poder. Considerado pelo jornal The New York Times um proeminente historiador da Europa dos séculos XV e XVI, Crowley revela que Portugal se valeu, principalmente, da ousadia e da habilidade de seus exploradores navegantes. A descoberta da rota para a Índia, a campanha de conquista imperial sobre os governantes muçulmanos e a dominação do comércio de especiarias ajudaram a forjar o primeiro império global. Em Conquistadores, o autor dá vida às personalidades que construíram o império português. Personagens como o rei Manuel, o Venturoso , d. João II, o príncipe perfeito , o saqueador governador Afonso de Albuquerque e o explorador Vasco da Gama misturavam suas ambições particulares com os objetivos públicos do império, muitas vezes sofrendo perdas espantosas em busca da riqueza global.

Conquistadores

Author: , Roger Crowley
Publisher: Editora Planeta do Brasil
ISBN: 8542209052
Size: 26.21 MB
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Por que o Brasil não foi descoberto por acaso? Como uma nação pequena e pobre desfrutou de um século de supremacia marítima, descobrindo rotas e novas terras? A partir de cartas, documentos inéditos e testemunhos oculares, Roger Crowley conta a história da ascensão rápida e espantosa de Portugal ao poder. Considerado pelo jornal The New York Times um proeminente historiador da Europa dos séculos XV e XVI, Crowley revela que Portugal se valeu, principalmente, da ousadia e da habilidade de seus exploradores navegantes. A descoberta da rota para a Índia, a campanha de conquista imperial sobre os governantes muçulmanos e a dominação do comércio de especiarias ajudaram a forjar o primeiro império global. Em Conquistadores, o autor dá vida às personalidades que construíram o império português. Personagens como o rei Manuel, "o Venturoso", d. João II, "o príncipe perfeito", o saqueador governador Afonso de Albuquerque e o explorador Vasco da Gama misturavam suas ambições particulares com os objetivos públicos do império, muitas vezes sofrendo perdas espantosas em busca da riqueza global.

Conquerors

Author: Roger Crowley
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0812994019
Size: 31.53 MB
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In Conquerors, New York Times bestselling author Roger Crowley gives us the epic story of the emergence of Portugal, a small, poor nation that enjoyed a century of maritime supremacy thanks to the daring and navigational skill of its explorers—a tactical advantage no other country could match. Portugal’s discovery of a sea route to India, campaign of imperial conquest over Muslim rulers, and domination of the spice trade would forever disrupt the Mediterranean and build the first global economy. Crowley relies on letters and eyewitness testimony to tell the story of tiny Portugal’s rapid and breathtaking rise to power. Conquerors reveals the Império Português in all of its splendor and ferocity, bringing to life the personalities of the enterprising and fanatical house of Aviz. Figures such as King Manuel “the Fortunate,” João II “the Perfect Prince,” marauding governor Afonso de Albuquerque, and explorer Vasco da Gama juggled their private ambitions and the public aims of the empire, often suffering astonishing losses in pursuit of a global fortune. Also central to the story of Portugal’s ascent was its drive to eradicate Islamic culture and establish a Christian empire in the Indian Ocean. Portuguese explorers pushed deep into the African continent in search of the mythical Christian king Prester John, and they ruthlessly besieged Indian port cities in their attempts to monopolize trade. The discovery of a route to India around the horn of Africa was not only a brilliant breakthrough in navigation but heralded a complete upset of the world order. For the next century, no European empire was more ambitious, no rulers more rapacious than the kings of Portugal. In the process they created the first long-range maritime empire and set in motion the forces of globalization that now shape our world. At Crowley’s hand, the complete story of the Portuguese empire and the human cost of its ambition can finally be told. Praise for Conquerors “Excellent . . . Crowley’s interpretations are nuanced and fair.”—The Christian Science Monitor “In a riveting narrative, Crowley chronicles Portugal's horrifically violent trajectory from ‘impoverished, marginal’ nation to European power, vying with Spain and Venice to dominate the spice trade.”—Kirkus Reviews (starred review) “Brings to life the Portuguese explorers . . . perfect for anyone who likes a high seas tale.”—Publishers Weekly “Readers of Crowley’s previous books will not be disappointed by this exciting tale of sea battles, land campaigns and shipwrecks. . . . Crowley makes a good case for reclaiming Portugal’s significance as forger of the first global empire.”—The Daily Telegraph “Crowley has shown a rare gift for combining compelling narrative with lightly worn academic thoroughness as well as for balancing the human with the geopolitical—qualities on display here. The story he has to tell may be a thrilling one but not every historian could tell it so thrillingly.”—Michael Prodger, Financial Times “A fast-moving and highly readable narrative . . . [Crowley’s] detailed reconstruction of events is based on a close reading of the works of the chroniclers, notably Barros and Correa, whose accounts were written in the tradition of the chronicles of chivalry.”—History Today

A Short History Of The World

Author: Alex Woolf
Publisher: Arcturus Publishing
ISBN: 1848588720
Size: 19.77 MB
Format: PDF
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Mankind has come a long way since our ancestors first stood up on two feet, but how we did get to where we are today? This book tells the story, through conflict and intrigue, power won and lost, great empires built and destroyed. With over 350 pictures, this volume is a visual treat. Every double-page spread focuses on a different topic and ...

1421

Author: Gavin Menzies
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448154839
Size: 11.14 MB
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On 8 March 1421, the largest fleet the world had ever seen set sail from China. The ships, some nearly five hundred feet long, were under the command of Emperor Zhu Di's loyal eunuch admirals. Their mission was 'to proceed all the way to the end of the earth to collect tribute from the barbarians beyond the seas' and unite the world in Confucian harmony. Their journey would last for over two years and take them around the globe but by the time they returned home, China was beginning its long, self-imposed isolation from the world it had so recently embraced. And so the great ships were left to rot and the records of their journey were destroyed. And with them, the knowledge that the Chinese had circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan, reached America seventy years before Columbus, and Australia three hundred and fifty years before Cook... The result of fifteen years research, 1421 is Gavin Menzies' enthralling account of the voyage of the Chinese fleet, the remarkable discoveries he made and the persuasive evidence to support them: ancient maps, precise navigational knowledge, astronomy and the surviving accounts of Chinese explorers and the later European navigators as well as the traces the fleet left behind - from sunken junks to the votive offerings left by the Chinese sailors wherever they landed, giving thanks to Shao Lin, goddess of the sea. Already hailed as a classic, this is the story of an extraordinary journey of discovery that not only radically alters our understanding of world exploration but also rewrites history itself.

Aleister Crowley

Author: Roger Hutchinson
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1780573065
Size: 34.51 MB
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Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) - mystic, writer, poet, astrologer, sexual revolutionary, painter, mountain climber and social critic - has a terrifying reputation. The contemporary press labelled him the 'wickedest man in the world', while he called himself the 'great beast'. Crowley dabbled in the occult, supported Germany in the First World War, was addicted to opiates, and many who associated with him died tragically in mysterious circumstances. Working from the starting point that behind the demonic reputation there stood a human being, and that beyond the self-proclaimed black magician there was a man hungry for publicity and fame, Roger Hutchinson lifts the smokescreen of mythology to reveal a truly astonishing figure. Why did this curious product of the Plymouth Brethren found the first 'hippy commune' in Sicily? What led this Cambridge graduate to be celebrated 20 years after his death on the cover of The Beatles' Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album? Why did Mussolini expel him from Italy? Why did a British magazine label him 'the man we'd like to hang'? Roger Hutchinson reveals the real Crowley: warts, wickedness, talent, courage, cowardice and all.

Those Terrible Middle Ages

Author: Régine Pernoud
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 9780898707816
Size: 22.10 MB
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As she examines the many misconceptions about the "Middle Ages", the renown French historian, Regine Pernoud, gives the reader a refreshingly original perspective on many subjects, both historical (from the Inquisition and witchcraft trials to a comparison of Gothic and Renaissance creative inspiration) as well as eminently modern (from law and the place of women in society to the importance of history and tradition). Here are fascinating insights, based on Pernoud's sound knowledge and extensive experience as an archivist at the French National Archives. The book will be provocative for the general readers as well as a helpful resource for teachers. Scorned for centuries, although lauded by the Romantics, these thousand years of history have most often been concealed behind the dark clouds of ignorance: Why, didn't godiche (clumsy, oafish) come from gothique (Gothic)? Doesn't "fuedal" refer to the most hopeless obscurantism? Isn't "Medieval" applied to dust-covered, outmoded things? Here the old varnish is stripped away and a thousand years of history finally emerge -- the "Middle Ages" are dead, long live the Middle Ages!

City Of Fortune

Author: Roger Crowley
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0679644261
Size: 33.25 MB
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“The rise and fall of Venice’s empire is an irresistible story and [Roger] Crowley, with his rousing descriptive gifts and scholarly attention to detail, is its perfect chronicler.”—The Financial Times The New York Times bestselling author of Empires of the Sea charts Venice’s astounding five-hundred-year voyage to the pinnacle of power in an epic story that stands unrivaled for drama, intrigue, and sheer opulent majesty. City of Fortune traces the full arc of the Venetian imperial saga, from the ill-fated Fourth Crusade, which culminates in the sacking of Constantinople in 1204, to the Ottoman-Venetian War of 1499–1503, which sees the Ottoman Turks supplant the Venetians as the preeminent naval power in the Mediterranean. In between are three centuries of Venetian maritime dominance, during which a tiny city of “lagoon dwellers” grow into the richest place on earth. Drawing on firsthand accounts of pitched sea battles, skillful negotiations, and diplomatic maneuvers, Crowley paints a vivid picture of this avaricious, enterprising people and the bountiful lands that came under their dominion. From the opening of the spice routes to the clash between Christianity and Islam, Venice played a leading role in the defining conflicts of its time—the reverberations of which are still being felt today. “[Crowley] writes with a racy briskness that lifts sea battles and sieges off the page.”—The New York Times “Crowley chronicles the peak of Venice’s past glory with Wordsworthian sympathy, supplemented by impressive learning and infectious enthusiasm.”—The Wall Street Journal