Nation Und Modernit T Als Mythen

Author: Klaus Schubert
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783322809339
Size: 71.54 MB
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Die französische (Sicherheits-) Politik richtet sich höchstoffiziell darauf, die eigene Identität zu verteidigen. Vor diesem Hintergrund analysiert das Buch, wie es um die Identität der Franzosen bestellt ist. Grundlage hierfür ist die Untersuchung des historischen Wandels der Konzepte von Nation und Modernität, der sich aus den damit verbundenen Mythenbildungen erschließen lässt. Dabei zeigen vor allem die politischen Diskurse der zurückliegenden achtziger Jahre, dass die Liberalisierung der französischen Wirtschaft und die verstärkte politische Öffnung Frankreichs nach Europa zu bemerkenswerten Neuorientierungen im französischen Selbstverständnis führten. Dennoch und zugleich blieb Frankreich aber sich und vielen zentralen Traditionen seiner politischen Kultur treu - dies belegen nicht zuletzt die Reaktionen der französischen Politik und Öffentlichkeit auf das Ende der Teilung Deutschlands und Europas und auf die Herausforderungen der intensivierten Globalisierung und der Neuen Weltordnung.

The European Family

Author: Jacques Commaille
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792347576
Size: 27.23 MB
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Will the European Union have its ¿single family - a ¿European family - as it will have a single currency? This is the question at the origin of this book. Studies of family behavior and the organization of private life among European citizens, as well as of family member social status (children in relation to adults/parents, women in relation to men), and of social functions of the family, for example social reproduction, reveal so much convergence among European families that the reality of a ¿European family seems inevitable, and more so if one looks at foreign studies done - in Australia, the United States or Japan - of the family in Europe. However, studies of the different judicial and public policy laws in the different European Union member countries lead one to refine this first impression. The family does not have the same legal meaning in all places, and the ways in which it is defined by law and public policy continue to differ strongly, due in particular to historical factors, cultural traditions, and conceptions of the role of the State. In order for the family to be part of the construction of a European citizenship, the pluralistic nature of its political definitions will have to be recognized. Putting the family into the context of evolving European integration has never been done before. It was made possible in this study thanks to the joint efforts of two editors with long experience in social science studies of the family and as expert advisors to the European Commission, and by the work of the best international specialists in the field. This is a book intended for specialists working in the social sciences, for social and government policy-makers in the fields of family and social policy, and for all those interested in European integration.

Foreign Policy Objectives In European Constitutional Law

Author: Joris Larik
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191055980
Size: 20.30 MB
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Presenting the first comprehensive account of foreign policy objectives as a growing part of European constitutional law, Joris Larik confronts the trend of enshrining international ambitions in the highest laws of states and the European Union. Closely examining the provisions of foreign policy objectives, Larik differentiates their legal force and functions, situating them into the overall legal order of the state, the EU, and the composite 'European constitutional space'. He argues that the codification of foreign policy objectives suggests a progression in the evolution of the role of the constitution: from limiting public authority to guiding it towards certain goals, both at home and in the wider world. Advancing a comparative constitutional perspective for the study of EU external relations, this volume contributes a constitutional dimension to the 'normative power' debate in the study of EU foreign policy. Drawing on established national doctrines on constitutional objectives from Germany, France, and India, the book provides a common vocabulary for coming to terms with foreign policy objectives as legal norms across different jurisdictions. In the pluralist context and closely intertwined legal orders of the EU and its Member States, it shows how objectives help to channel the individual ambitions of the Member States through the Union framework towards a more coherent external action. Furthermore, the book connects its legal findings with the debate on the EU as an actor in international relations, exploring the role of these norms in inter-institutional struggles and processes of identity-shaping, legitimation, and socialization.

The Changing French Political System

Author: Robert Elgie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113526726X
Size: 31.25 MB
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Examining the nature of the Fifth Republic after its first 42 years, this study looks at the challenges posed by new parties and new expressions of political mobilization. Entrenched policy routines are being undermined by the emergence of new actors and the failure of old paradigms.

French Relations With The European Union

Author: Helen Drake
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415305761
Size: 20.31 MB
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This scholarly work examines how key actors within French politics and society have related to the challenges and opportunities posed by the European Union, and how these relations have driven or hindered change in France. The collection invites the reader to explore below the surface image of a France troubled by its relations with the EU in the post-Cold War era, and see the dynamics of change in empirical detail. Each chapter offers insights into specific aspects of the France-EU relationship, including: the characteristics of Euroscepticism à la française amongst the electorate and political parties the dynamics of change in the political, media and legal establishments in their dealings with the EU the priorities for labour, business and la vie associative in their relations with French decision-makers regarding the EU.

The European Commission 1958 72

Author: Michel Dumoulin
Publisher: European Communities
ISBN:
Size: 36.58 MB
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This publication is both a historical record and a commemoration covering the early years of the European Commission from 1958 to 1972, before the first enlargement. Forged by men and women with often very different backgrounds, the history of the first few years is one of crises but also of achievements which shaped the major milestones of European integration in almost every area of the economic life of the six founder countries: France, Germany, Italy and the three Benelux countries of Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. A team of historians from the six founding member states have gathered together recollections of those who were actively engaged in this process in order to write a living history of the institution, its aspirations, successes and failures, as seen from the inside. The publication is also available in a hardback edition (ISBN 9789279054907).

Politische Dimensionen Der Europ Ischen Gemeinschaftsbildung

Author: Carl J. Friedrich
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663162672
Size: 63.73 MB
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letztlich zur politischen Gemeinschaft eine Wählerschaft von Durchschnittsmenschen, durchdrungen und bestimmt von gemeinsamen überzeugungen, Werten und Interessen, die für Institutionen, Politik und Entscheidungen maßgebend sind und gleichzeitig von ihnen geformt werden. Die Institutionen entwickeln sich auf Grund von Entscheidun gen stetig weiter, die zur Durchführung einer sich periodisch erneuernden Politik lau fend überprüft werden. Unsere Forschung muß also in gen au demselben Maß auf die politische Gemeinschaft, die am Beginn des Entscheidungsprozesses steht, wie auf die direkt für diese Entscheidungen Verantwortlichen ausgerichtet sein. In der Tat erzwingt nicht selten der Protest dieser stillen Partner die Revision von eilig getroffenen, ihre Meinung nicht berücksichtigenden Entscheidungen; 1965/66 war dies in Frankreich der Fall. Dabei ist auch noch zu bedenken, daß der Entscheidungsprozeß nicht ausschlie߭ lich politischer Natur ist. Wenn ein Franzose sich »entscheidet«, eine Deutsche zu hei raten, kann seine Entscheidung auf überlegungen rein persönlicher Art beruhen; aber sie kann sich auch einer allgemeinen Tendenz einfügen und bestimmte politische Aus wirkungen haben, wenn er zum Beispiel wählt, an seinen Abgeordneten schreibt oder einen finanziellen Beitrag für eine politische Organisation leistet. Viele Autoren von heute neigen dazu, die Bedeutung des Entscheidungsprozesses in der Politik zu übertreiben und daher einen »dezisionistischen« Standpunkt zu vertreten 3. Man ist versucht, das Gewicht der Entscheidung für das Handeln zu überschätzen, vor allem in einigermaßen rationalisierten politischen Ordnungen. In Wahrheit ist selbst in solchen Ordnungen das Handeln oft nur Wiederholung oder Anpassung und birgt keinerlei echte Entscheidung.

Europe United

Author: Sebastian Rosato
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801461460
Size: 67.12 MB
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The construction of the European Community (EC) has widely been understood as the product of either economic self-interest or dissatisfaction with the nation-state system. In Europe United, Sebastian Rosato challenges these conventional explanations, arguing that the Community came into being because of balance of power concerns. France and the Federal Republic of Germany-the two key protagonists in the story-established the EC at the height of the cold war as a means to balance against the Soviet Union and one another. More generally, Rosato argues that international institutions, whether military or economic, largely reflect the balance of power. In his view, states establish institutions in order to maintain or increase their share of world power, and the shape of those institutions reflects the wishes of their most powerful members. Rosato applies this balance of power theory of cooperation to several other cooperative ventures since 1789, including various alliances and trade pacts, the unifications of Italy and Germany, and the founding of the United States. Rosato concludes by arguing that the demise of the Soviet Union has deprived the EC of its fundamental purpose. As a result, further moves toward political and military integration are improbable, and the economic community is likely to unravel to the point where it becomes a shadow of its former self.

Willy Brandt Und Frankreich

Author: Horst Möller
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 3486593676
Size: 69.92 MB
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18 namhafte Historiker und Historikerinnen beleuchten erstmals das Verhältnis Willy Brandts zu Frankreich seit seinen ersten Besuchen in Paris in den 1930er Jahren bis zu seinem Tod. Dies geschieht im Wechsel zwischen französischer und deutscher Perspektive, ein methodischer Ansatz, der sich als äußerst fruchtbar erweist.