Evidence Based Crime Prevention

Author: David P. Farrington
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113448982X
Size: 65.80 MB
Format: PDF
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Crime prevention policy and practice is, on the whole, far from objective. Instead of being based on scientific evidence, the crime policy agenda is seemingly driven by political ideology, anecdotal evidence and programme trends. Evidence-Based Crime Prevention seeks to change this by comprehensively and rigorously assessing the existing scientific knowledge on the effectiveness of crime prevention programmes internationally. Reviewing more than 600 scientific evaluations of programmes intended to prevent crime in settings such as families, schools, labour markets and communities, this book grades programmes on their scientific validity using the 'scientific methods scale'. This collection, which brings together contributions from leading researchers in the field of crime prevention, will provide policy-makers, researchers and community leaders with an understandable source of information about what works, what does not work and what is promising in preventing crime.

Risk Based Policing

Author: Leslie W. Kennedy
Publisher:
ISBN: 0520295633
Size: 47.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Risk-based policing is the latest advancement in the long history of policing innovations, where research and planning have combined to manage crime risks, prevent crime, and enhance public safety. In Risk-Based Policing the authors share case studies from different agencies to demonstrate how focusing police resources at risky places, based on smart uses of data and strong analytical work, can address the worst effects of disorder and crime while improving public safety and community relations. Topics include the role of big data; the evolution of modern policing; dealing with high-risk targets; designing, implementing, and evaluating risk-based policing strategies; and the role of multiple stakeholders in risk-based policing. Case studies explore cities such as Colorado Springs, Glendale, Newark, Kansas City, and others. The book also demonstrates how Risk Terrain Modeling (RTM) can be extended to offer a more comprehensive view of prevention and deterrence"--Provided by publisher.

The Oxford Handbook Of Crime Prevention

Author: Brandon C. Welsh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199396698
Size: 55.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime. Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy. Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.

Preventing Crime

Author: Brandon C. Welsh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387691693
Size: 66.57 MB
Format: PDF
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This book examines evidence-based crime prevention through the use of the rigorous methodology of systematic reviews. It brings together the leading scientific evidence on what works best for a wide range of interventions organized around four important domains in criminology: at-risk children, offenders, victims, and places. It is an indispensable guide to the leading scientific evidence on what works best to prevent crime.

Making Public Places Safer

Author: Brandon C. Welsh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199716951
Size: 35.97 MB
Format: PDF
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The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras-one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video surveillance systems are being installed in town centers, public transportation facilities, and schools at a cost exceeding $100 million annually. And now other Western countries have begun to experiment with CCTV to prevent crime in public places. In light of this expansion and the associated public expenditure, as well as pressing concerns about privacy rights, there is an acute need for an evidence-based approach to inform policy and practice. Drawing on the highest-quality research, criminologists Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington assess the effectiveness and social costs of not only CCTV, but also of other important surveillance methods to prevent crime in public space, such as improved street lighting, security guards, place managers, and defensible space. Importantly, the book goes beyond the question of "Does it work?" and examines the specific conditions and contexts under which these surveillance methods may have an effect on crime as well as the mechanisms that bring about a reduction in crime. At a time when cities need cost-effective methods to fight crime and the public gradually awakens to the burdens of sacrificing their privacy and civil rights for security, Welsh and Farrington provide this timely and reliable guide to the most effective and non-invasive uses of surveillance to make public places safer from crime.

The Prevention Of Crime

Author: Delbert Elliott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118843592
Size: 68.32 MB
Format: PDF
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" This is the most complete description of the history, theories, strategies, methods, evaluations and outcomes of efforts to prevent crime ever written. Encyclopedic in scope, it is exceptionally well organized and clearly presented. It is essential reading for students, professionals, policy makers, and citizens seeking to understand how criminal behavior can be prevented. It is equally instructive regarding what has not worked to prevent crime. There is simply nothing like it. Truly a remarkable achievement." J. David Hawkins, University of Washington Criminology and criminal justice currently place great emphasis on the need to implement evidence-based crime prevention strategies. The Prevention of Crime is the first text to draw from multiple, emerging, cutting-edge frameworks to demonstrate how this can be done. It describes many effective models of prevention programs and strategies that have been developed and are available for use both in the US and abroad. The text includes attention to situational crime prevention, developmental prevention programs and correctional practices to provide a unique, integrated and holistic review of what works. In contrast to most crime prevention books, The Prevention of Crime includes attention to the many challenges associated with the implementation of crime prevention strategies, along with practical guidance regarding how communities can best select and implement such efforts, both nationally and internationally. The text also describes popular prevention models that are widely used, yet which have been shown to be largely ineffective in reducing crime, thus helping to dispel the many myths that persist in the field.

Internationale Perspectives Of Crime Prevention 8

Author: Claudia Heinzelmann
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3942865556
Size: 14.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The German Congress on Crime Prevention (GCOCP) is an annual event that takes place since 1995 in different German cities and targets all areas of crime prevention. Since its foundation the GCOCP has been open to an international audience with a growing number of non-German speaking participants joining. To give the international guests their own discus-sion forum, the Annual International Forum (AIF) within the GCOCP was established in 2007. For international guests this event offers lectures in English language as well as other activi-ties within the GCOCP that are translated simultaneously. This book reflects the outcomes of the 9th AIF (8th and 9th June 2015 in Frankfurt am Main). The articles show worldwide views on crime prevention and criminal policy as well as the current status, discussion, research and projects in crime prevention from different countries.