The Lady Tasting Tea

Author: David Salsburg
Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
ISBN: 1466801786
Size: 36.56 MB
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At a summer tea party in Cambridge, England, a lady states that tea poured into milk tastes differently than that of milk poured into tea. Her notion is shouted down by the scientific minds of the group. But one guest, by the name Ronald Aylmer Fisher, proposes to scientifically test the lady's hypothesis. There was no better person to conduct such a test. For Fisher had brought to the field of statistics an emphasis on controlling the methods for obtaining data and the importance of interpretation. He knew that how the data was gathered and applied was as important as the data themselves. In The Lady Tasting Tea, readers will encounter not only Ronald Fisher's theories (and their repercussions), but the ideas of dozens of men and women whose revolutionary work affects our everyday lives. Writing with verve and wit, author David Salsburg traces the rise and fall of Karl Pearson's theories, explores W. Edwards Deming's statistical methods of quality control (which rebuilt postwar Japan's economy), and relates the story of Stella Cunliff's early work on the capacity of small beer casks at the Guinness brewing factory. The Lady Tasting Tea is not a book of dry facts and figures, but the history of great individuals who dared to look at the world in a new way.

The Lady Tasting Te

Author: Jesse Russell
Publisher: Book on Demand Limited
ISBN: 9785511408316
Size: 77.69 MB
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Lady Tasting Tea: How Statistics Revolutionized Science in the Twentieth Century (ISBN 0-8050-7134-2) is a book by David Salsburg about the history of modern statistics and the role it played in the development of science and industry.

The Lady Tasting Tea

Author: Lambert M. Surhone
Publisher: Betascript Publishing
ISBN: 9786131170324
Size: 34.44 MB
Format: PDF
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Lady Tasting Tea: How Statistics Revolutionized Science in the Twentieth Century is a book by David Salsburg about the history of modern statistics and the role it played in the development of science and industry.The title comes from the lady tasting tea, an example from the famous book, Statistical methods for research workers, by Ronald A. Fisher. Regarding Fisher's example, the statistician D. Basu wrote that the famous case of the 'lady tasting tea' was one of the two supporting pillars . . . of the randomization analysis of experimental data.

Die Berechnung Der Zukunft

Author: Nate Silver
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 3641112702
Size: 27.36 MB
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Zuverlässige Vorhersagen sind doch möglich! Nate Silver ist der heimliche Gewinner der amerikanischen Präsidentschaftswahlen 2012: ein begnadeter Statistiker, als »Prognose-Popstar« und »Wundernerd« weltberühmt geworden. Er hat die Wahlergebnisse aller 50 amerikanischen Bundesstaaten absolut exakt vorausgesagt – doch damit nicht genug: Jetzt zeigt Nate Silver, wie seine Prognosen in Zukunft Terroranschläge, Umweltkatastrophen und Finanzkrisen verhindern sollen. Gelingt ihm die Abschaffung des Zufalls? Warum werden Wettervorhersagen immer besser, während die Terrorattacken vom 11.09.2001 niemand kommen sah? Warum erkennen Ökonomen eine globale Finanzkrise nicht einmal dann, wenn diese bereits begonnen hat? Das Problem ist nicht der Mangel an Informationen, sondern dass wir die verfügbaren Daten nicht richtig deuten. Zuverlässige Prognosen aber würden uns helfen, Zufälle und Ungewissheiten abzuwehren und unser Schicksal selbst zu bestimmen. Nate Silver zeigt, dass und wie das geht. Erstmals wendet er seine Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung nicht nur auf Wahlprognosen an, sondern auf die großen Probleme unserer Zeit: die Finanzmärkte, Ratingagenturen, Epidemien, Erdbeben, den Klimawandel, den Terrorismus. In all diesen Fällen gibt es zahlreiche Prognosen von Experten, die er überprüft – und erklärt, warum sie meist falsch sind. Gleichzeitig schildert er, wie es gelingen kann, im Rauschen der Daten die wesentlichen Informationen herauszufiltern. Ein unterhaltsamer und spannender Augenöffner!

Evidenzbasierte Jurisprudenz

Author: Hanjo Hamann
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161533228
Size: 46.11 MB
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English summary: How do jurists obtain knowledge over the living environment which they regulate? Experience is an important source of knowledge, but the complex, connected information of society also increasingly requires an empirical study of law, and yet, the methods of empirical investigation are not so easy to manage and their results are not as easy to interpret as one might wish. For this reason, Hanjo Hamann discusses the principles of quantitative-empirical study and connects the critical reflection of empirical cognitive possibilities with specific epistemological interests of jurisprudence. What emerges from this method is a pragmatic theory of reception, which according to the example of evidence-based medicine, places particular value on so-called meta-studies. The author tests its practical uses for the basic empirical assumptions of the collegial principles of company law which arises from its dogmatic and legally comparative analysis. For his dissertation, Hanjo Hamann was awarded the Dissertation Prize of the Esche Schumann Commichau Foundation, the Telekom Prize for Civil Law of the University of Bonn as well as the Otto Hahn Medal of the Max Planck Society. German description: Wie gewinnen Juristen ihr Wissen uber die Lebenswelt, die sie regeln? Erfahrung ist eine wichtige Erkenntnisquelle, aber die komplex vernetzte Wissensgesellschaft erfordert zunehmend auch empirische Rechtsforschung. Dabei sind die Methoden empirischer Forschung gar nicht so leicht zu handhaben und ihre Ergebnisse nicht so einfach zu interpretieren, wie man annehmen mochte. Hanjo Hamann erortert deshalb die Grundlagen quantitativ-empirischen Forschens und verbindet die kritische Reflexion empirischer Erkenntnismoglichkeiten mit spezifisch juristischen Erkenntnisinteressen. Daraus entsteht eine pragmatische Rezeptionslehre, die nach dem Vorbild der "evidenzbasierten Medizin" besonderen Wert auf sogenannten Metastudien legt. Deren praktischen Nutzen erprobt der Autor vor allem an den empirischen Grundannahmen des gesellschaftsrechtlichen "Kollegialprinzips," die sich aus dessen dogmatischer und rechtsvergleichender Analyse ergeben. Hanjo Hamann erhielt fur seine Dissertation den Dissertationspreis der Esche Schumann Commichau Stiftung, den Telekom-Preis fur Zivilrecht der Universitat Bonn sowie die Otto-Hahn-Medaille der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft.

Psychology

Author: Daniel Schacter
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137406755
Size: 43.69 MB
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Renowned for its exuberant writing style, intriguing real life examples and cutting-edge research, this best-selling text is back with additional coverage of social psychology, emphasis on the practical applications of the discipline to students' lives, and engaging new 'psychomythology' features which pit science against commonly held beliefs.

Mathematical Statistics For Applied Econometrics

Author: Charles B Moss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466594101
Size: 12.16 MB
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An Introductory Econometrics Text Mathematical Statistics for Applied Econometrics covers the basics of statistical inference in support of a subsequent course on classical econometrics. The book shows students how mathematical statistics concepts form the basis of econometric formulations. It also helps them think about statistics as more than a toolbox of techniques. Uses Computer Systems to Simplify Computation The text explores the unifying themes involved in quantifying sample information to make inferences. After developing the necessary probability theory, it presents the concepts of estimation, such as convergence, point estimators, confidence intervals, and hypothesis tests. The text then shifts from a general development of mathematical statistics to focus on applications particularly popular in economics. It delves into matrix analysis, linear models, and nonlinear econometric techniques. Students Understand the Reasons for the Results Avoiding a cookbook approach to econometrics, this textbook develops students’ theoretical understanding of statistical tools and econometric applications. It provides them with the foundation for further econometric studies.

Statistical Analysis Of Designed Experiments

Author: Ajit C. Tamhane
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118491432
Size: 23.61 MB
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A indispensable guide to understanding and designing modern experiments The tools and techniques of Design of Experiments (DOE) allow researchers to successfully collect, analyze, and interpret data across a wide array of disciplines. Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments provides a modern and balanced treatment of DOE methodology with thorough coverage of the underlying theory and standard designs of experiments, guiding the reader through applications to research in various fields such as engineering, medicine, business, and the social sciences. The book supplies a foundation for the subject, beginning with basic concepts of DOE and a review of elementary normal theory statistical methods. Subsequent chapters present a uniform, model-based approach to DOE. Each design is presented in a comprehensive format and is accompanied by a motivating example, discussion of the applicability of the design, and a model for its analysis using statistical methods such as graphical plots, analysis of variance (ANOVA), confidence intervals, and hypothesis tests. Numerous theoretical and applied exercises are provided in each chapter, and answers to selected exercises are included at the end of the book. An appendix features three case studies that illustrate the challenges often encountered in real-world experiments, such as randomization, unbalanced data, and outliers. Minitab® software is used to perform analyses throughout the book, and an accompanying FTP site houses additional exercises and data sets. With its breadth of real-world examples and accessible treatment of both theory and applications, Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments is a valuable book for experimental design courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an indispensable reference for practicing statisticians, engineers, and scientists who would like to further their knowledge of DOE.

Doing Statistical Mediation And Moderation

Author: Paul E. Jose
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462508235
Size: 33.94 MB
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Written in a friendly, conversational style, this book offers a hands-on approach to statistical mediation and moderation for both beginning researchers and those familiar with modeling. Starting with a gentle review of regression-based analysis, Paul Jose covers basic mediation and moderation techniques before moving on to advanced topics in multilevel modeling, structural equation modeling, and hybrid combinations, such as moderated mediation. User-friendly features include numerous graphs and carefully worked-through examples; "Helpful Suggestions" about procedures and pitfalls; "Knowledge Boxes" delving into special topics, such as dummy coding; and end-of-chapter exercises and problems (with answers). The companion website (www.guilford.com/jose-materials) provides downloadable data and syntax files for the book's examples and exercises, as well as links to Jose's online programs, MedGraph and ModGraph. Appendices present SPSS, Amos, and Mplus syntax for conducting the key types of analyses.