Author: Sean Sheehan
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing
ISBN: 9781854354549
Size: 75.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 648
Introduces the geography, history, economy, culture, and people of Austria.

Austria In The Twentieth Century

Author: Rolf Steininger
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412808545
Size: 15.47 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4816
The fourteen essays in this volume include works by leading Austrian historians and political scientists. Collectively it serves as a basic introduction to a small but trend-setting European country. It is also a basic up-to-date outline of Austria's political history, shedding light on economic and social trends as well. No European country has experienced more dramatic turning points in its twentieth-century history than Austria. This volume divides the century into three periods. Section I deals with the years 1900-1938. The First Austrian Republic (established in the aftermath of World War I) was one of the succession states that tried to build a nation against the backdrop of political and economic crisis and a simmering civil war. Democracy collapsed in 1933 and an authoritarian regime attempted to prevail against pressures from Nazi Germany and Nazis at home. Section II covers World War II. In 1938, Hitler's "Third Reich" annexed Austria and the population was pulled into the cauldron of World War II fighting and collaborating with the Nazis, and also resisting and fleeing them. Section III concentrates on the Second Republic (1945 to the present). After ten years of four-power Allied occupation, Austria regained her sovereignty with the Austrian State Treaty of 1955. The price paid was neutrality. Unlike the turmoil of the prewar years after 1955, Austria became a "normal" nation with a functioning democracy, one building toward economic prosperity. After the collapse of the "iron curtain" in 1989, Austria turned westward, joining the European Union in 1995. Most recently, with the advent of populist politics, Austria's political system has experienced a sea of change, departing from its political economy of a huge state-owned sector and social partnership. This insightful volume will serve as a textbook in courses on Austrian, German and European history, as well as in comparative European politics.


Author: Fodor
ISBN: 9780679029731
Size: 40.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1728

The Vienna Rules

Author: Franz T. Schwarz
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 904112344X
Size: 78.20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6899
This book examines the new Vienna Rules and the Austrian Arbitration Act that both came into effect on 1 July 2006 as the result of a major reform. It is devoted to two principles. First, it recognizes that no two international arbitrations are the same. Arbitration thrives, and is today the predominant method of transnational dispute resolution, because it meets the demands of international business for flexibility and efficacy. Arbitration will continue to succeed if it retains those properties, allowing for the adoption of procedures that are customized to satisfy the commercial prerogatives of the individual case. This book seeks to provide its readers with a general framework, and specific instruments, to negotiate that process.

Nazism And The Radical Right In Austria 1918 1934

Author: John T. Lauridsen
Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press
ISBN: 9788763502214
Size: 29.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2901
The author offers a comparative analysis of the two most important radical right-wing movements in Austria during the inter-war period: Heimwehr and NSDAP. The book examines the movements from their emergence until they respectively are taken into the existing power apparatus (Heimwehr) and forbidden (NSDAP). The analysis ends in 1934 after the destruction of democracy when the Austrian labour movement was violently put down and the NSDAP vainly made an attempted coup.

Escape Through Austria

Author: Thomas Albrich
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714652139
Size: 12.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4589
After World War II, Jewish refugee camps were scattered across Germany and Austria. Austria straddled the escape routes for the refugees from Central Europe to Italy, where they were able to board illegal immigrant ships for Mandatory Palestine. This work covers insights into modern Jewish history.

Politics In Austria

Author: Richard Luther
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113519341X
Size: 59.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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First Published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Haider Phenomenon In Austria

Author: Ruth Wodak
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412824934
Size: 53.94 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3693
Austria does not often make political headlines. It has at least twice in recent years: in 1986, when the "Waldheim Affair" was debated worldwide, and in 1999, when the Austrian Freedom Party (FPOe) under Joerg Haider received 27 percent of the vote in national elections. Established by former Nazis for former Nazis, the FPOe entered the mainstream of Austrian politics when it became part of a coalition government. This volume explores whether its rise is a uniquely Austrian phenomenon or corresponds to broader social and political changes in Europe. Parallels to Haider's party can be found in other European countries. Its anti-immigration agenda and rhetoric are similar to those of the French FN, the Belgian Vlaams Bloc, and the Italian Lega Nord. And its anti-European Union posture is similar to the sentiments of the "anti-Maastrich" wing of the British conservative party. However, European reaction to the FPOe's rise derives not only from its policies, but its linkage to past suspicions that the Austrians have not learned the lessons of history as had the Germans. The FPOe's success strengthened that impression. In response, 14 European Union governments downgraded their bilateral relations with the Austrian government to a purely technical level. Although the sanctions were lifted in September 2000, the spotlight is still very much on Austria, and concern about the FPOe remains high. This important volume contains eleven chapters by internationally prominent scholars from a broad spectrum of the social sciences. Its cross-disciplinary approach provides perspective on the Haider phenomenon, its rhetoric, and its impact on daily life in Austria. It also analyzes the influence of right-wing populism on politics, culture, and society, and its implications in Austria as well as elsewhere in Europe. The Haider Phenomenon will be of interest to historians, political scientists, those in European studies, and scholars in contemporary political extremism. Ruth Wodak is professor of applied linguistics and discourse analysis at the University of Vienna and director of the research center, "Discourse, Politics, Identity," at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Anton Pelinka is professor of political science at the University of Innsbruck and director of the Institute of Conflict Research Vienna.

Modern Austria

Author: Barbara Jelavich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521316255
Size: 40.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 5667
Beginning with the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and extending to the elections in November of 1986, this history of modern Austria has been written for the general reader and the student wishing an overview of the country's recent history. The first part of the book, covering the years from 1815 to 1918, includes a discussion of the events in Habsburg history that have a particular significance for the evolution of the later republic. Particular attention is paid to the unique aspects of the Austrian governmental system. The book concludes with an examination of the Kreisky era, the evolution of Austrian social democracy, and the political controversies after 1983.The main emphasis in the book is on political history and foreign policy, but attention is paid to the cultural history of Austria, focusing particularly on Vienna, throughout the nineteenth and twenieth centuries.

Austria And Other Margins

Author: Katherine Arens
Publisher: Camden House
ISBN: 9781571131096
Size: 72.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 2147
Case studies looking at how literature crosses national and cultural boundaries.