The Commonwealth

Author: Michael Skrein
Size: 59.98 MB
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The paper relates five international behavior variables during the 1966-1968 time period to seven national attribute variables covering the years 1945-1964 for the 28 nations in the British Commonwealth. The behavior data included the number of acts initiated by a country, the number of acts received by a country, the number of countries to which an individual nation acts, the ratio of acts initiated to those received, and the ratio of cooperative acts to uncooperative acts initiated. Seven attribute variables were studied: gross national product per capita, defense expenditure as a percentage of GNP, executive stability number of years independent/number of chief executives, military personnel as a percentage of the population aged 15-64, membership of 161 international inter-governmental organizations in 1953, and dates of independence of Commonwealth nations. Analysis of the data included Pearson and Spearman correlations. (Author).

Cicero On The Commonwealth And On The Laws

Author: Marcus Tullius Cicero
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521459594
Size: 10.77 MB
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James Zetzel presents a masterly translation of two central works of ancient philosophy.

Guidebook To Education In The Commonwealth

Author: Commonwealth Secretariat
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
ISBN: 1849290849
Size: 58.79 MB
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Guidebook showcasing successful, innovative education initiatives to help meet the MDGs and Education for All targets from around the Commonwealth, in a concise and easy-to-use format. Provides policy-makers with examples of solutions that will assist them in devising strategies to counter their own educational challenges.


Author: Michael Hardt
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674053966
Size: 41.18 MB
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When Empire appeared in 2000, it defined the political and economic challenges of the era of globalization and, thrillingly, found in them possibilities for new and more democratic forms of social organization. Now, with Commonwealth, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri conclude the trilogy begun with Empire and continued in Multitude, proposing an ethics of freedom for living in our common world and articulating a possible constitution for our common wealth.

Constitutional Change In The Commonwealth

Author: Leslie Zines
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521400398
Size: 63.75 MB
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This book is a contribution to comparative constitutional law and deals with important changes in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, the original members of the present Commonwealth of Nations. It is based on lectures delivered at the University of Cambridge. The first lecture discusses the development in recent years of the constitutional autonomy of Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and its effect on the constitutions of those countries and on the concept of the 'crown'. The second lecture is concerned with methods to entrench, constitutionally, individual and democratic rights. The final lecture contrasts judicial attitudes to the interpretation of the constitutions of Canada and Australia. The conclusion is reached that although the EEC is not a federation, there is a structural similarity between the distribution of governmental power within the Community and its members, and the federal issues that arise in Canada, Australia and other federations.

Making Trade In Services Supportive Of Development In Commonwealth Small And Low Income Countries

Author: Patrick F. J. Macrory
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
ISBN: 1849290709
Size: 58.51 MB
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This Economic Paper assesses new innovative measures in trade in service negotiations that reflect the vulnerabilities and challenges faced by developing countries. It outlines the approaches that can help small and low-income countries in a manner that is practical and supportive of their economic development.