International Integration of the Brazilian Economy

International Integration of the Brazilian Economy

Brazil is the most populous economy in Latin America with the second highest GDP among the emerging BRIC economies, after China, and the second per capita GDP among the BRIC economies after Russia. The objective of this book is to provide a thorough historical, statistical, and institutional description of the factors that affect and are affected by Brazil’s international trade and integration with the world economy. It includes a most recent account of what is presently going on in Brazil and the type of economy from which Brazil is emerging. The authors use Brazil as a case study and explain both the process and the outcome of international economic integration by analyzing in each chapter a different contributing factor to the benefits and costs from Brazil’s economic interdependency with the world economy. This makes the reading of this book extremely valuable. The topics addressed in this book will increase the reader’s awareness of the institutional, economic, and cultural forces that shape the dynamism of Brazil’s international trade and integration with the world economy, and will continue to do so in future years.

The Political Economy of Lula’s Brazil

The Political Economy of Lula’s Brazil

The Political Economy of Lula’s Brazil describes the social, political and economic transformations that led to increased interest in the tropical giant at the start of the 21st century. This volume demonstrates that Brazil’s rise was the result of the adoption of heterodox economic policies, while also highlighting the obstacles to choosing an egalitarian development path in Latin America. Adopting an innovative perspective in terms of methodology and interpretation, contributors from Brazil, Latin America and France follow a non-dogmatic critical approach in order to explain the institutional changes that made a new cycle of development possible in Brazil. The authors also argue that the evolution of Brazil, following the implementation of leftist policies, paradoxically gave birth to several economic, political and environmental contradictions. They contend that these contradictions, including the falling rate of profit linked to the full employment of resources; the redistributive process seen as a menace by the conservative middle classes; and the growing intervention of the state in the different markets, eventually led to the end of the early 21st century development cycle. Providing clues to understanding the contradictory and painful path towards the development of semi-industrialised countries, this book will interest students and academics in the fields of economics, sociology, history and political science. The story it tells may also interest all those searching for independent analysis of the successes and failures of Lula’s Brazil.

Nova economia

revista do Departamento de Ciências Econômicas da UFMG.

Nova economia


Economia

Economia


História econômica da independência e do imperio

coletânea de textos apresentados no I Congresso Brasileiro de História Econômica (Campus da USP, setembro de 1993)

História econômica da independência e do imperio

Os catorze ensaios deste volume tratam das grandes transformações econômicas registradas no Brasil no século 19, desde a Independência até a Proclamação da República, particularmente a reinserção no mercado mundial, a passagem do trabalho escravo para o trabalho livre, a construção da infra-estrutura, o mercado interno e a instalação das primeiras indústrias.

La Sociedad Orgánica

La Sociedad Orgánica

La creación de toda estructura organizacional exitosa pasa inicialmente por el análisis de los motivadores del comportamiento del hombre, para luego modelarlo e integrarlo conceptualmente a las organizaciones. El ser humano no puede ser modelado como un ente exclusivamente racional, sino como un ser con capacidad de razonar, sentir, intuir e integrarse a su realidad organizacional y social. La realidad puede ser entendida de acuerdo al paradigma que se esté utilizando. El paradigma mecanicista modela las estructuras organizacionales como máquinas, mientras que el paradigma orgánico puede modelar las organizaciones como seres vivos. Las organizaciones, las instituciones y la sociedad pueden ser modelados como estructuras orgánicas en la medida en que el ser humano aumente su nivel de consciencia de pertenecer a un orden maravilloso basado en la Ley del Amor. Toda estructura organizacional y social tiene un grado de organicidad de acuerdo al nivel de cooperación que haya entre sus integrantes. Mientras mayor su capacidad de cooperar, mayor será su grado de organicidad. El paradigma orgánico puede contribuir a modelar conceptualmente la Sociedad, el sistema económico y el Estado. El proceso de transición de la Sociedad Moderna a la Sociedad Orgánica puede darse a través de cambios minimalistas intercalados con acciones radicales puntuales que permitan alcanzar el resultado esperado. Si este tipo de proceso no es implementado, pueden surgir crisis en el sistema que degeneren en situaciones de caos.