Deep Learning

Author: Josh Patterson
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 1491914238
Size: 52.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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How can machine learning--especially deep neural networks--make a real difference in your organization? This hands-on guide not only provides practical information, but helps you get started building efficient deep learning networks. The authors provide the fundamentals of deep learning--tuning, parallelization, vectorization, and building pipelines--that are valid for any library before introducing the open source Deeplearning4j (DL4J) library for developing production-class workflows. Through real-world examples, you'll learn methods and strategies for training deep network architectures and running deep learning workflows on Spark and Hadoop with DL4J.

Reverse Hypothesis Machine Learning

Author: Parag Kulkarni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319553127
Size: 57.27 MB
Format: PDF
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This book introduces a paradigm of reverse hypothesis machines (RHM), focusing on knowledge innovation and machine learning. Knowledge- acquisition -based learning is constrained by large volumes of data and is time consuming. Hence Knowledge innovation based learning is the need of time. Since under-learning results in cognitive inabilities and over-learning compromises freedom, there is need for optimal machine learning. All existing learning techniques rely on mapping input and output and establishing mathematical relationships between them. Though methods change the paradigm remains the same—the forward hypothesis machine paradigm, which tries to minimize uncertainty. The RHM, on the other hand, makes use of uncertainty for creative learning. The approach uses limited data to help identify new and surprising solutions. It focuses on improving learnability, unlike traditional approaches, which focus on accuracy. The book is useful as a reference book for machine learning researchers and professionals as well as machine intelligence enthusiasts. It can also used by practitioners to develop new machine learning applications to solve problems that require creativity.

Deep Learning From Scratch

Author: Seth Weidman
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 149204136X
Size: 27.96 MB
Format: PDF
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With the resurgence of neural networks in the 2010s, deep learning has become essential for machine learning practitioners and even many software engineers. This book provides a comprehensive introduction for data scientists and software engineers with machine learning experience. You’ll start with deep learning basics and move quickly to the details of important advanced architectures, implementing everything from scratch along the way. Author Seth Weidman shows you how neural networks work using a first principles approach. You’ll learn how to apply multilayer neural networks, convolutional neural networks, and recurrent neural networks from the ground up. With a thorough understanding of how neural networks work mathematically, computationally, and conceptually, you’ll be set up for success on all future deep learning projects. This book provides: Extremely clear and thorough mental models—accompanied by working code examples and mathematical explanations—for understanding neural networks Methods for implementing multilayer neural networks from scratch, using an easy-to-understand object-oriented framework Working implementations and clear-cut explanations of convolutional and recurrent neural networks Implementation of these neural network concepts using the popular PyTorch framework

Composing Fisher Kernels From Deep Neural Models

Author: Tayyaba Azim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319985248
Size: 12.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book shows machine learning enthusiasts and practitioners how to get the best of both worlds by deriving Fisher kernels from deep learning models. In addition, the book shares insight on how to store and retrieve large-dimensional Fisher vectors using feature selection and compression techniques. Feature selection and feature compression are two of the most popular off-the-shelf methods for reducing data’s high-dimensional memory footprint and thus making it suitable for large-scale visual retrieval and classification. Kernel methods long remained the de facto standard for solving large-scale object classification tasks using low-level features, until the revival of deep models in 2006. Later, they made a comeback with improved Fisher vectors in 2010. However, their supremacy was always challenged by various versions of deep models, now considered to be the state of the art for solving various machine learning and computer vision tasks. Although the two research paradigms differ significantly, the excellent performance of Fisher kernels on the Image Net large-scale object classification dataset has caught the attention of numerous kernel practitioners, and many have drawn parallels between the two frameworks for improving the empirical performance on benchmark classification tasks. Exploring concrete examples on different data sets, the book compares the computational and statistical aspects of different dimensionality reduction approaches and identifies metrics to show which approach is superior to the other for Fisher vector encodings. It also provides references to some of the most useful resources that could provide practitioners and machine learning enthusiasts a quick start for learning and implementing a variety of deep learning models and kernel functions.

Deep Learning Techniques For Biomedical And Health Informatics

Author: Basant Agarwal
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128190620
Size: 64.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Deep Learning Techniques for Biomedical and Health Informatics provides readers with the state-of-the-art in deep learning-based methods for biomedical and health informatics. The book covers not only the best-performing methods, it also presents implementation methods. The book includes all the prerequisite methodologies in each chapter so that new researchers and practitioners will find it very useful. Chapters go from basic methodology to advanced methods, including detailed descriptions of proposed approaches and comprehensive critical discussions on experimental results and how they are applied to Biomedical Engineering, Electronic Health Records, and medical image processing. Examines a wide range of Deep Learning applications for Biomedical Engineering and Health Informatics, including Deep Learning for drug discovery, clinical decision support systems, disease diagnosis, prediction and monitoring Discusses Deep Learning applied to Electronic Health Records (EHR), including health data structures and management, deep patient similarity learning, natural language processing, and how to improve clinical decision-making Provides detailed coverage of Deep Learning for medical image processing, including optimizing medical big data, brain image analysis, brain tumor segmentation in MRI imaging, and the future of biomedical image analysis

Deep Learning Concepts And Architectures

Author: Witold Pedrycz
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030317560
Size: 52.75 MB
Format: PDF
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This book introduces readers to the fundamental concepts of deep learning and offers practical insights into how this learning paradigm supports automatic mechanisms of structural knowledge representation. It discusses a number of multilayer architectures giving rise to tangible and functionally meaningful pieces of knowledge, and shows how the structural developments have become essential to the successful delivery of competitive practical solutions to real-world problems. The book also demonstrates how the architectural developments, which arise in the setting of deep learning, support detailed learning and refinements to the system design. Featuring detailed descriptions of the current trends in the design and analysis of deep learning topologies, the book offers practical guidelines and presents competitive solutions to various areas of language modeling, graph representation, and forecasting.

Neural Networks And Deep Learning

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319944630
Size: 67.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book covers both classical and modern models in deep learning. The primary focus is on the theory and algorithms of deep learning. The theory and algorithms of neural networks are particularly important for understanding important concepts, so that one can understand the important design concepts of neural architectures in different applications. Why do neural networks work? When do they work better than off-the-shelf machine-learning models? When is depth useful? Why is training neural networks so hard? What are the pitfalls? The book is also rich in discussing different applications in order to give the practitioner a flavor of how neural architectures are designed for different types of problems. Applications associated with many different areas like recommender systems, machine translation, image captioning, image classification, reinforcement-learning based gaming, and text analytics are covered. The chapters of this book span three categories: The basics of neural networks: Many traditional machine learning models can be understood as special cases of neural networks. An emphasis is placed in the first two chapters on understanding the relationship between traditional machine learning and neural networks. Support vector machines, linear/logistic regression, singular value decomposition, matrix factorization, and recommender systems are shown to be special cases of neural networks. These methods are studied together with recent feature engineering methods like word2vec. Fundamentals of neural networks: A detailed discussion of training and regularization is provided in Chapters 3 and 4. Chapters 5 and 6 present radial-basis function (RBF) networks and restricted Boltzmann machines. Advanced topics in neural networks: Chapters 7 and 8 discuss recurrent neural networks and convolutional neural networks. Several advanced topics like deep reinforcement learning, neural Turing machines, Kohonen self-organizing maps, and generative adversarial networks are introduced in Chapters 9 and 10. The book is written for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners. Numerous exercises are available along with a solution manual to aid in classroom teaching. Where possible, an application-centric view is highlighted in order to provide an understanding of the practical uses of each class of techniques.

Hands On Unsupervised Learning With Python

Author: Giuseppe Bonaccorso
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1789349273
Size: 36.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Discover the skill-sets required to implement various approaches to Machine Learning with Python Key Features Explore unsupervised learning with clustering, autoencoders, restricted Boltzmann machines, and more Build your own neural network models using modern Python libraries Practical examples show you how to implement different machine learning and deep learning techniques Book Description Unsupervised learning is about making use of raw, untagged data and applying learning algorithms to it to help a machine predict its outcome. With this book, you will explore the concept of unsupervised learning to cluster large sets of data and analyze them repeatedly until the desired outcome is found using Python. This book starts with the key differences between supervised, unsupervised, and semi-supervised learning. You will be introduced to the best-used libraries and frameworks from the Python ecosystem and address unsupervised learning in both the machine learning and deep learning domains. You will explore various algorithms, techniques that are used to implement unsupervised learning in real-world use cases. You will learn a variety of unsupervised learning approaches, including randomized optimization, clustering, feature selection and transformation, and information theory. You will get hands-on experience with how neural networks can be employed in unsupervised scenarios. You will also explore the steps involved in building and training a GAN in order to process images. By the end of this book, you will have learned the art of unsupervised learning for different real-world challenges. What you will learn Use cluster algorithms to identify and optimize natural groups of data Explore advanced non-linear and hierarchical clustering in action Soft label assignments for fuzzy c-means and Gaussian mixture models Detect anomalies through density estimation Perform principal component analysis using neural network models Create unsupervised models using GANs Who this book is for This book is intended for statisticians, data scientists, machine learning developers, and deep learning practitioners who want to build smart applications by implementing key building block unsupervised learning, and master all the new techniques and algorithms offered in machine learning and deep learning using real-world examples. Some prior knowledge of machine learning concepts and statistics is desirable.

Deep Learning

Author: Ian Goodfellow
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262337371
Size: 24.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An introduction to a broad range of topics in deep learning, covering mathematical and conceptual background, deep learning techniques used in industry, and research perspectives. “Written by three experts in the field, Deep Learning is the only comprehensive book on the subject.” —Elon Musk, cochair of OpenAI; cofounder and CEO of Tesla and SpaceX Deep learning is a form of machine learning that enables computers to learn from experience and understand the world in terms of a hierarchy of concepts. Because the computer gathers knowledge from experience, there is no need for a human computer operator to formally specify all the knowledge that the computer needs. The hierarchy of concepts allows the computer to learn complicated concepts by building them out of simpler ones; a graph of these hierarchies would be many layers deep. This book introduces a broad range of topics in deep learning. The text offers mathematical and conceptual background, covering relevant concepts in linear algebra, probability theory and information theory, numerical computation, and machine learning. It describes deep learning techniques used by practitioners in industry, including deep feedforward networks, regularization, optimization algorithms, convolutional networks, sequence modeling, and practical methodology; and it surveys such applications as natural language processing, speech recognition, computer vision, online recommendation systems, bioinformatics, and videogames. Finally, the book offers research perspectives, covering such theoretical topics as linear factor models, autoencoders, representation learning, structured probabilistic models, Monte Carlo methods, the partition function, approximate inference, and deep generative models. Deep Learning can be used by undergraduate or graduate students planning careers in either industry or research, and by software engineers who want to begin using deep learning in their products or platforms. A website offers supplementary material for both readers and instructors.

Introduction To Deep Learning

Author: Eugene Charniak
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262039512
Size: 76.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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A project-based guide to the basics of deep learning.