: Renate Kurzmann
British Archaeological Reports Ltd
: 80.81 MB
The purpose of this study is to determine the most informative articles and the most effective methods and research approaches. The schools of research covering the former Roman Empire are investigated using this approach. A school of research is defined here as a group of scholars who trained and who research in the same or neighbouring countries and who usually research similar areas. They do not necessarily share nationalities but they may have been instructed by the same teachers and have similar research interests. The different research methods used in different areas will be compared. Most scholars do not combine methods but use only one. The value of this selectivity is questioned. This study attempts to be an overall view of research methods, approaches and categories of studies used in all schools of brick stamp research and will pose the question whether brick stamps can contribute to our understanding of military history. Regional and local differences of both stamps and modern schools of research are highlighted and their importance to our picture of Roman history is discussed. Roman military brick stamps are a very varying and complex subject. This volume concentrates directly on questions such as: What are the different research methods used in dealing with military brick stamps, and who uses them? What are the different results represented by the different research approaches? Which results are best achieved by what methods? What can Roman military brick stamps contribute to our understanding of Roman history and can we use them as documents of military history, as other military inscriptions are employed? If we cannot use them for the latter, could they, instead, be helpful in reconstructing other historical aspects of Roman provinces? Are military brick stamps uniform documents, which can be used equally in all former Roman provinces? The work concentrates on legionary rather than all military stamps. In the case of provinces where only auxiliary units were present, their stamps were considered. In other areas, where legionary stamps predominate, they were the focus of this study. This study is not a list of all military brick stamps but is meant to be a representative sample of the research methodologies for each province. Therefore, the focus lies on legionary stamps but occasionally also includes auxiliary stamps where no other evidence exists. The author critically reviews a selection of articles, focusing primarily on the methodologies employed by the chosen scholars. The reviewed articles contain a selection of brick stamps. Instead of a finds catalogue, a catalogue of the works reviewed is included and the publications listed there are the background for this present analysis. The bibliography contains a list of all other works cited and consulted. Chapter 1 includes an introduction to the methodologies of studying brick stamps, concentrating on research methods and approaches. It also contains a discussion of the methodology used in this thesis, and also introductions to Roman bricks, and stamps on bricks, respectively. Chapters 2-9 analyse the different groups of research schools and the methodologies they employ in studying military brick stamps. Chapters 10-13 consider more general problems and questions which arise during the study of provincial military brick stamps, such as the phenomenon of name stamps, the question of when the habit of stamping bricks was started by the Roman army, the relationship between brick stamps and military territories or the so-called prata legionis and the problem of brick reuse. Chapter 14 summarises the answers to the research questions posed in the course of the previous chapters and offers a conclusion.