Stress Resilience

Author: Alon Chen
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128139838
Size: 34.23 MB
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Stress Resilience: Molecular and Behavioral Aspects presents the first reference available on the full-breadth of cutting-edge research being carried out in this field. It includes a wide range of basic molecular knowledge on the potential associations between resilience phenomenon and biochemical balance, but also focuses on the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying stress resilience. World-renowned experts provide chapters that cover everything from the neural circuits of resilience, the effects of early-life adversity, and the transgenerational inheritance of resilience. This unique and timely book will be a go-to resource for neuroscientists and biological psychiatrists who want to improve their understanding of the consequences of stress and on how some people are able to avoid it. Approaches resilience as a process rather than as a static trait Provides basic molecular knowledge on the potential associations between resilience phenomenon and biochemical balance Presents thorough coverage of both the genetic and environmental factors that contribute to resilience

Resilience Under Siege

Author: Ezra Chitando
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443892866
Size: 19.53 MB
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This volume explores the challenges and solutions experienced within Zimbabwe’s economic and social spheres, with particular reference to the “crisis years” (2000–2008) and the “promising turn” (2009–2012). This latter phase was prompted by the formation of the Government of National Unity (GNU). The contributors to the volume pay attention to how individuals and institutions sought to respond to the crisis, critiquing the reactions of various actors and exploring solutions to the various challenges that were experienced. Chapters in this book include reviews of agricultural subsidies, a gendered approach to poverty, the collapse of service delivery (including a particular focus on education), the “look East policy”, the expansion of the religious sector, and the experiences of Zimbabwean migrants in South Africa. Underlying these contributions are the concepts of resilience and agency. The authors all highlight the massive challenges that individuals and institutions had to navigate, and acknowledge the creativity deployed in such quests. This book will appeal to scholars in economics, history and economic history, religious studies, education, and political science, as well as the general reader.

Promoting Community Resilience In Disasters

Author: Kevin Ronan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387238203
Size: 20.20 MB
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Although many books discuss trauma and adjustment to trauma, this is the first reference to focus on schools and other related community-based networks as gateways to assisting children and families to prepare for and to cope with a large scale disaster. The text assesses risk and readiness as well as active education programs for schools, children, and families, the public at large, and organizations and government. Drawing on a multidisciplinary framework, this volume promotes community resilience and readiness, response and recovery.

Planning For Community Based Disaster Resilience Worldwide

Author: Adenrele Awotona
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317080130
Size: 75.69 MB
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We are witnessing an ever-increasing level and intensity of disasters from Ecuador to Ethiopia and beyond, devastating millions of ordinary lives and causing long-term misery for vulnerable populations. Bringing together 26 case studies from six continents, this volume provides a unique resource that discusses, in considerable depth, the multifaceted matrix of natural and human-made disasters. It examines their bearing on the loss of human and productive capital; the conduct of national policies and the setting of national development priorities; and on the nature of international aid and bilateral assistance strategies and programs of donor countries. In order to ensure the efficacy and appropriateness of their support for disaster survivors, international agencies, humanitarian and disaster relief organizations, scholars, non-governmental organizations, and members of the global emergency management community need to have insight into best practices and lessons learned from various disasters across national and cultural boundaries. The evidence obtained from the numerous case studies in this volume serves to build a worldwide community that is better informed about the cultural and traditional contexts of such disasters and better enabled to prepare for, respond to, and finally rebuild sustainable communities after disasters in different environments. The main themes of the case studies include: • the need for community planning and emergency management to unite in order to achieve the mutual aim of creating a sustainable disaster-resilient community, coupled with the necessity to enact and implement appropriate laws, policies, and development regulations for disaster risk reduction; • the need to develop a clear set of urban planning and urban design principles for improving the built environment’s capacities for disaster risk management through the integration of disaster risk reduction education into the curricula of colleges and universities; • the need to engage the whole community to build inclusive governance structures as prerequisites for addressing climate change vulnerability and fostering resilience and sustainability. Furthermore, the case studies explore the need to link the existence and value of scientific knowledge accumulated in various countries with decision-making in disaster risk management; and the relevance and transferability from one cultural context to another of the lessons learned in building institutional frameworks for whole community partnerships.

Managing Water And Agroecosystems For Food Security

Author: Eline Boelee
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780640889
Size: 33.85 MB
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Water protection, food production and ecosystem health are worldwide issues. Changes in the global water cycle are affecting human well-being in many places, while widespread land and ecosystem degradation, driven by poor agricultural practices, is seriously limiting food production. Understanding the links between ecosystems, water, and food production is important to the health of all three, and sustainably managing these connections is becoming increasingly necessary. This book shows how sustainable ecosystems, especially agroecosystems, are essential for water management and food production.

African Climate And Climate Change

Author: Charles J. R. Williams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048138426
Size: 65.97 MB
Format: PDF
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Compared to many other regions of the world, Africa is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and variability. Widespread poverty, an extensive disease burden and pockets of political instability across the continent has resulted in a low resilience and limited adaptative capacity of African society to climate related shocks and stresses. To compound this vulnerability, there remains large knowledge gaps on African climate, manifestations of future climate change and variability for the region and the associated problems of climate change impacts. Research on the subject of African climate change requires an interdisciplinary approach linking studies of environmental, political and socio-economic spheres. In this book we use different case studies on climate change and variability in Africa to illustrate different approaches to the study of climate change in Africa from across the spectrum of physical, social and political sciences. In doing so we attempt to highlight a toolbox of methodologies (along with their limitations and advantages) that may be used to further the understanding of the impacts of climate change in Africa and thus help form the basis for strategies to negate the negative implications of climate change on society.

Coordination Models And Languages

Author: Dave Clarke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642134130
Size: 20.44 MB
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The LNCS series reports state-of-the-art results in computer science research, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form. Enjoying tight cooperation with the R&D community, with numerous individuals, as well as with prestigious organizations and societies, LNCS has grown into the most comprehensive computer science research forum available. The scope of LNCS, including its subseries LNAI and LNBI, spans the whole range of computer science and information technology including interdisciplinary topics in a variety of application fields. The type of material published traditionally includes proceedings (published in time for the respective conference) post-proceedings (consisting of thoroughly revised final full papers) research monographs (which may be based on outstanding PhD work, research projects, technical reports, etc.) More recently, several color-cover sublines have been added featuring, beyond a collection of papers, various added-value components; these sublines include tutorials (textbook-like monographs or collections of lectures given at advanced courses) state-of-the-art surveys (offering complete and mediated coverage of a topic) hot topics (introducing emergent topics o the broader community)

Bedford Institute Of Oceanography 2007 In Review

Author: Bedford Institute of Oceanography
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780662480709
Size: 80.47 MB
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The Bedford Institute of Oceanography is a major oceanographic research facility, established in 1962 by the Government of Canada and located in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia on the shore of the Bedford Basin. Scientists at the Institute perform research mandated by the Canadian government to provide advice and support to government decision-making on a broad range of ocean issues including sovereignty, defence, environmental protection, health and safety, fisheries, and natural resources. This review highlights some of the ongoing research activities at the Institute as well as some of the activities dealing with the management of ocean uses.--Document.