Engineering Patient Safety In Radiation Oncology

Author: Lawrence Marks
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482233657
Size: 72.29 MB
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Because radiation is a central curative and palliative therapy for many patients, it is essential to have safe and efficient systems for planning and delivering radiation therapy. Factors such as rapid technological advances, financial reorganization, an aging population, and evolving societal expectations, however, may be compromising our ability to deliver highly reliable and efficient care. Engineering Patient Safety in Radiation Oncology describes proven concepts and examples, borrowed from organizations known for high reliability and value creation, to guide radiation oncology centers towards achieving patient safety and quality goals. It portrays the authors’ efforts at the University of North Carolina to address the challenges of keeping patients safe while continuously improving care delivery processes. Reviews past and current challenges of patient safety issues within radiation oncology Provides an overview of best practices from high reliability organizations Explains how to optimize workplaces and work processes to minimize human error Offers methods for engaging and respecting people during their transition to safety mindfulness Requiring no prior knowledge of high reliability and value creation, the book is divided into two parts. Part one introduces the basic concepts, methods, and tools that underlie the authors’ approach to high reliability and value creation. In addition, it provides an overview of key safety challenges within radiation oncology. In part two, the authors supply an in-depth account of their journey to high reliability and value creation at the University of North Carolina.

Proceedings Of The Fourth Resilience Engineering Symposium

Author: Denis Besnard
Publisher: Presses des Mines via OpenEdition
ISBN: 2356710914
Size: 19.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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These proceedings document the various presentations at the Fourth Resilience Engineering Symposium held on June 8-10, 2011, in Sophia-Antipolis, France. The Symposium gathered participants from five continents and provided them with a forum to exchange experiences and problems, and to learn about Resilience Engineering from the latest scientific achievements to recent practical applications. The First Resilience Engineering Symposium was held in Söderköping, Sweden, on October 25-29 2004. The Second Resilience Engineering Symposium was held in Juan-les-Pins, France, on November 8-10 2006, The Third Resilience Engineering Symposium was held in Juan-les-Pins, France, on October 28-30 2008. Since the first Symposium, resilience engineering has fast become recognised as a valuable complement to the established approaches to safety. Both industry and academia have recognised that resilience engineering offers valuable conceptual and practical basis that can be used to attack the problems of interconnectedness and intractability of complex socio-technical systems. The concepts and principles of resilience engineering have been tested and refined by applications in such fields as air traffic management, offshore production, patient safety, and commercial fishing. Continued work has also made it clear that resilience is neither limited to handling threats and disturbances, nor confined to situations where something can go wrong. Today, resilience is understood as the intrinsic ability of a system to adjust its functioning prior to, during, or following changes and disturbances, so that it can sustain required operations under both expected and unexpected conditions. This definition emphasizes the ability to continue functioning, rather than simply to react and recover from disturbances and the ability to deal with diverse conditions of functioning, expected as well as unexpected. For anyone who is interested in learning more about Resilience Engineering, the books published in the Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering provide an excellent starting point. Another sign that Resilience Engineering is coming of age is the establishment of the Resilience Engineering Association. The goal of this association is to provide a forum for coordination and exchange of experiences, by bringing together researchers and professionals working in the Resilience Engineering domain and organisations applying or willing to apply Resilience Engineering principles in their...

Engineering For Patient Safety

Author: Jenny Dankelman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 080584905X
Size: 19.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Engineering for Patient Safety: Issues in Minimally Invasive Procedures is a brief study of how human factors engineers have worked with medical personnel to improve patient safety and reduce medical error in the newest minimally invasive surgical procedures. In traditional surgery, surgeons had the advantages of three-dimensional vision and hands-on feedback as a result of direct contact with instruments and tissue. While the new surgical techniques have cost benefits and generally reduce patient trauma and recovery time, a whole new cast of potential problems has been introduced and there are greater risks of medical error. This book features: *an explanation of new technologies to improve minimally invasive procedures, starting with task analysis, problem assessment, instrument design, and evaluation of the new technologies; *examples from laparoscopy, arthroscopy, virtual colonoscopy, and cardiovascular catheter interventions; and *future projects and research fields. This study is of interest to human factors researchers who focus on health care, designers and manufacturers of medical equipment, and surgeons and technicians.

World Congress On Medical Physics And Biomedical Engineering September 7 12 2009 Munich Germany

Author: Olaf Dössel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642039022
Size: 10.78 MB
Format: PDF
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Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.

Quality And Safety In Radiotherapy

Author: Todd Pawlicki
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439804377
Size: 80.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The first text to focus solely on quality and safety in radiotherapy, this work encompasses not only traditional, more technically oriented, quality assurance activities, but also general approaches of quality and safety. It includes contributions from experts both inside and outside the field to present a global view. The task of assuring quality is no longer viewed solely as a technical, equipment-dependent endeavor. Instead, it is now recognized as depending on both the processes and the people delivering the service. Divided into seven broad categories, the text covers: Quality Management and Improvement includes discussions about lean thinking, process control, and access to services. Patient Safety and Managing Error looks at reactive and prospective error management techniques. Methods to Assure and Improve Quality deals broadly with techniques to monitor, assure, and improve quality. People and Quality focuses on human factors, changing roles, staffing, and training. Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy addresses the general issues of quality assurance with descriptions of the key systems used to plan and treat patients and includes specific recommendations on the types and frequencies of certain tests. Quality Control: Equipment and Quality Control: Patient-Specific provides explicit details of quality control relating to equipment and patient-specific issues. Recently, a transformation of quality and safety in radiotherapy has begun to take place. Among the key drivers of this transformation have been new industrial and systems engineering approaches that have come to the forefront in recent years following revelations of system failures. This book provides an approach to quality that is long needed, one that deals with both human and technical aspects that must be the part of any overall quality improvement program.

Case Studies In System Of Systems Enterprise Systems And Complex Systems Engineering

Author: Alex Gorod
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466502401
Size: 72.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Suitable as a reference for industry practitioners and as a textbook for classroom use, Case Studies in System of Systems, Enterprise Systems, and Complex Systems Engineering provides a clear understanding of the principles and practice of system of systems engineering (SoSE), enterprise systems engineering (ESE), and complex systems engineering (CSE). Multiple domain practitioners present and analyze case studies from a range of applications that demonstrate underlying principles and best practices of transdisciplinary systems engineering. A number of the case studies focus on addressing real human needs. Diverse approaches such as use of soft systems skills are illustrated, and other helpful techniques are also provided. The case studies describe, examine, analyze, and assess applications across a range of domains, including: Engineering management and systems engineering education Information technology business transformation and infrastructure engineering Cooperative framework for and cost management in the construction industry Supply chain modeling and decision analysis in distribution centers and logistics International development assistance in a foreign culture of education Value analysis in generating electrical energy through wind power Systemic risk and reliability assessment in banking Assessing emergencies and reducing errors in hospitals and health care systems Information fusion and operational resilience in disaster response systems Strategy and investment for capability developments in defense acquisition Layered, flexible, and decentralized enterprise architectures in military systems Enterprise transformation of the air traffic management and transport network Supplying you with a better understanding of SoSE, ESE, and CSE concepts and principles, the book highlights best practices and lessons learned as benchmarks that are applicable to other cases. If adopted correctly, the approaches outlined can facilitate significant progress in human affairs. The study of complex systems is still in its infancy, and it is likely to evolve for decades to come. While this book does not provide all the answers, it does establish a platform, through which analysis and knowledge application can take place and conclusions can be made in order to educate the next generation of systems engineers.

World Congress On Medical Physics And Biomedical Engineering 2018

Author: Lenka Lhotska
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811090238
Size: 42.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book (vol. 3) presents the proceedings of the IUPESM World Congress on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, a triennially organized joint meeting of medical physicists, biomedical engineers and adjoining health care professionals. Besides the purely scientific and technological topics, the 2018 Congress will also focus on other aspects of professional involvement in health care, such as education and training, accreditation and certification, health technology assessment and patient safety. The IUPESM meeting is an important forum for medical physicists and biomedical engineers in medicine and healthcare learn and share knowledge, and discuss the latest research outcomes and technological advancements as well as new ideas in both medical physics and biomedical engineering field.

Using Human Factors Engineering To Improve Patient Safety

Author:
Publisher: Joint Commission on
ISBN:
Size: 32.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Human factors engineering (HFE) is concerned with understanding human characteristics and how humans interact with the world around them, and applying that knowledge to the design of systems that are safe, efficient and comfortable. This book describes how to use HFE tools and principles to curb preventable errors and minimize patient harm.

Big Data In Radiation Oncology

Author: Jun Deng
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351801112
Size: 25.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Big Data in Radiation Oncology gives readers an in-depth look into how big data is having an impact on the clinical care of cancer patients. While basic principles and key analytical and processing techniques are introduced in the early chapters, the rest of the book turns to clinical applications, in particular for cancer registries, informatics, radiomics, radiogenomics, patient safety and quality of care, patient-reported outcomes, comparative effectiveness, treatment planning, and clinical decision-making. More features of the book are: Offers the first focused treatment of the role of big data in the clinic and its impact on radiation therapy. Covers applications in cancer registry, radiomics, patient safety, quality of care, treatment planning, decision making, and other key areas. Discusses the fundamental principles and techniques for processing and analysis of big data. Address the use of big data in cancer prevention, detection, prognosis, and management. Provides practical guidance on implementation for clinicians and other stakeholders. Dr. Jun Deng is a professor at the Department of Therapeutic Radiology of Yale University School of Medicine and an ABR board certified medical physicist at Yale-New Haven Hospital. He has received numerous honors and awards such as Fellow of Institute of Physics in 2004, AAPM Medical Physics Travel Grant in 2008, ASTRO IGRT Symposium Travel Grant in 2009, AAPM-IPEM Medical Physics Travel Grant in 2011, and Fellow of AAPM in 2013. Lei Xing, Ph.D., is the Jacob Haimson Professor of Medical Physics and Director of Medical Physics Division of Radiation Oncology Department at Stanford University. His research has been focused on inverse treatment planning, tomographic image reconstruction, CT, optical and PET imaging instrumentations, image guided interventions, nanomedicine, and applications of molecular imaging in radiation oncology. Dr. Xing is on the editorial boards of a number of journals in radiation physics and medical imaging, and is recipient of numerous awards, including the American Cancer Society Research Scholar Award, The Whitaker Foundation Grant Award, and a Max Planck Institute Fellowship.

Walter And Miller S Textbook Of Radiotherapy E Book

Author: R Paul Symonds
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702046620
Size: 61.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive textbook of radiotherapy and related radiation physics and oncology for use by all those concerned with the uses of radiation and cytotoxic drugs in the treatment of patients with malignant disease. Walter & Miller's Textbook of Radiotherapy has become the core text for therapeutic radiography students and an important introductory text for trainee radiologists and clinical physicists. The book is divided into two parts: the first covers underlying principles of physics, and the second is a systematic review by tumour site concentrating on the role of radiotherapy in the treatment of malignant disease and setting its use in context with chemotherapy and surgery. The 7th edition continues the tradition of bringing the physics and clinical application of radiation for therapy together at entry level and is completely revised to take into account the huge technological advances in radiotherapy treatment since publication of the previous edition. *Imaging is now an essential part of radiotherapy, relevant for both the treatment and preparation of a patient's treatment. Radionuclide imaging and X-ray imaging have been expanded to MRI and PET, along with some use of ultrasound. *Treatment planning dose prediction - the basis and application of modern computational calculations are explained for modern treatment delivery systems. The role of the algorithm for dose prediction is central to ensure speedy and accurate calculations for treatment. *Quality Control *Quality Systems The book is supported by Evolve electronic resources: sample plans, additional diagnostic images and clinical photographs.