This groundbreaking history of the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) examines, for the first time in any language, how General Francisco Franco and his Nationalist forces managed state finance and economic production, and mobilized support from elites and middle-class Spaniards, to achieve their eventual victory over Spanish Republicans and the revolutionary left. The Spanish Nationalists are exceptional among counter-revolutionary movements of the twentieth century, Michael Seidman demonstrates, because they avoided the inflation and shortages of food and military supplies that stymied not only their Republican adversaries but also their counter-revolutionary counterparts—the Russian Whites and Chinese Nationalists. He documents how Franco’s highly repressive and tightly controlled regime produced food for troops and civilians; regular pay for soldiers, farmers, and factory workers; and protection of property rights for both large and small landowners. These factors, combined with the Nationalists’ pro-Catholic and anti-Jewish propaganda, reinforced solidarity in the Nationalist zone. Seidman concludes that, unlike the victorious Spanish Nationalists, the Russian and Chinese bourgeoisie were weakened by the economic and social upheaval of the two world wars and succumbed in each case to the surging revolutionary left.
The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War threw Irish politics, north and south of the border, into turmoil. Ireland sent large organised bodies of men to fight on opposite sides in the Spanish Civil War, essentially enemy crusades.
Esta obra presenta al estudiante los temas necesarios para superar el ejercicio sobre Historia de Espaa que establezcan las universidades para la Prueba de Acceso a la Universidad para personas mayores de 25 aos. Se ha estructurado el libro en 3 partes, siendo la primera un tema introductorio en el que se establece un resumen de la Historia de Espaa hasta comienzos del siglo XIX. La segunda parte del libro se compone de 12 temas en los que se desarrollan, con rigor tcnico y cientfico, los contenidos necesarios para poder superar la prueba de acceso En cada tema hemos incluido un conjunto de actividades que te ayudarn en el estudio, con definiciones, preguntas a desarrollar y comentarios de texto, propuestos en pruebas de acceso anteriores. Considerando que en algunos exmenes de Historia de Espaa se han incluido comentarios de texto, en la ltima parte te damos las pautas necesarias para su correcta elaboracin. Le agradecemos la adquisicin de sta obra y confiamos que le ser de gran utilidad.
A fresh and acclaimed account of the Spanish Civil War by the bestselling author of Stalingrad and The Battle of Arnhem To mark the 70th anniversary of the Spanish Civil War's outbreak, Antony Beevor has written a completely updated and revised account of one of the most bitter and hard-fought wars of the twentieth century. With new material gleaned from the Russian archives and numerous other sources, this brisk and accessible book (Spain's #1 bestseller for twelve weeks), provides a balanced and penetrating perspective, explaining the tensions that led to this terrible overture to World War II and affording new insights into the war-its causes, course, and consequences.
Incorporating local, national and internationaldimensions of the conflict, Gibraltar andthe Spanish Civil War, 1936-39 provides the first detailed account of theBritish enclave Gibraltar's role during and after the Spanish Civil War. The neutral stance adopted by democratic powers uponthe outbreak of the Spanish Civil War is well-known. The Non-InterventionCommittee played a key role in this strategy, with Great Britain a key playerin what became known as the "London Committee". British interests in theIberian Peninsula, however, meant that events in Spain were of crucialimportance to the Foreign Office and the victory of the Popular Front inFebruary, 1936 was deemed a potential threat that could drive the countrytowards instability. This book explores how British authorities in Gibraltarostensibly initiated a formal policy of neutrality when the uprising tookplace, only for the Gibraltarian authorities to provide real support for theNationalists under the surface. The book draws on a wealth of primary source material,some of it little-known before now, to deliver a significant contribution toour knowledge of the part played by democratic powers in the 1930s'confrontation between Communism and Fascism. It is an important resource for anyoneseeking a more complete understanding of the Spanish Civil War.
Spanish-Italian Relations and the Influence of the Major Powers examines complex relations between Spain and Italy, beginning in 1943 and continuing until 1957, contending that the relationship cannot be examined in isolation and must be understood in its broader context.
Último consistorio foral, Guerra de Sucesión y Nueva Planta
Author: Sergio Villamarín Gómez
Pubpsher: Universitat de València
El reconocimiento que los territorios de la Corona de Aragón otorgaron al archiduque Carlos, derrotado en el conflicto sucesorio abierto tras la muerte de Carlos II, les supuso la pérdida de su secular singularidad política dentro de la monarquía hispánica tras la victoria de Felipe V. Dentro de este marco, este trabajo se sitúa por voluntad propia en Castellón, una ciudad media del reino valenciano, para comprobar cómo entendieron y vivieron el conflicto sus protagonistas. El libro amplía los conocimientos sobre cómo se vivió, desde el punto de vista de la institución municipal de una villa de la periferia, la muerte de Carlos II, y la proclamación de Felipe V, la guerra, la adhesión al archiduque Carlos, y tras la pérdida de la Guerra de Sucesión y con ella de los fueros, la asimilación de unas normes, las castellanes, de difícil encaje en general en todo el reino de Valencia.
There are two popular myths concerning the relationship between communism and nationalism. The first is that nationalism and communism are wholly antagonistic and mutually exclusive. The second is the assertion that in communist Eastern Europe nationalism was oppressed before 1989, to emerge triumphant after the Berlin Wall came down. Reality was different. Certainly from 1945 onwards, communist parties presented themselves as heirs to national traditions and guardians of national interests. The communist states of Central and Eastern Europe constructed "socialist patriotism," a form of loyalty to their own state of workers and peasants. Up to 1989, communists in Eastern Europe sang the national anthem, and waved the national flag next to the red banner. The use of national images was not the exception, but the rule. From Cuba to Korea, all communist parties attempted to gain national legitimacy. This was not incidental or a deviation from Marxist orthodoxy, but ingrained in the theory and practice of the communist movement since its inception. The study of communist national legitimacy is an exciting new field. This book presents examples of communist attempts to co-opt nationalism from both sides of the iron curtain and lays bare the striking similarities between such diverse cases as the socialist patriotism of the Bulgarian Communist Party and the national line of the Portuguese communists, between Romanian communist nation building and the national ideology of the Spanish Communist Party. This book was published as a special issue of Nationalities Papers.