Holy Wars

Author: Gary Rashba
Publisher: Casemate
ISBN: 1612000193
Size: 56.40 MB
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Today's Arab-Israeli conflict, ever-present in the news, is merely the latest iteration of an unending history of violence in the Holy Land—a region that is unsurpassed as witness to a kaleidoscopic military history involving forces from across the world and throughout the millennia. Holy Wars describes 3,000 years of war in the Holy Land with the unique approach of focusing on pivotal battles or campaigns, beginning with the Israelites' capture of Jericho and ending with Israel’s last full-fledged assault against Lebanon. Its 17 chapters stop along the way to examine key battles fought by the Philistines, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Crusaders, and Mamluks, the latter clash, at Ayn Jalut, comprising the first time the Mongols suffered a decisive defeat. The modern era saw the rise of the Ottomans, and an incursion by Napoleon who only found bloody stalemate outside the walls of Akko (Acre). The Holy Land became a battlefield again in World War I when the British fought the Turks. The nation of Israel was forged in conflict during its 1948 War of Independence, and subsequently found itself in desperate combat, often against great odds, in 1956 and 1967, and then it was surprised by a massive two-pronged assault in 1973. By focusing on the climax of each conflict, while carefully setting each stage, Holy Wars allows the reader to examine an extraordinary breadth of military history, glimpsing in one volume the evolution of warfare over the centuries as well as the enduring status of the Holy Land as a battleground. GARY L. RASHBA , the author of more than 30 articles on defense, aerospace and international topics, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1990 and currently lives in Israel with his wife and two children.

God Of Battles

Author: Peter Partner
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691002354
Size: 28.60 MB
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Peter Partner shows how the ideal of the crusade, "God's War", came to permeate medieval Christendom, and how it influenced later Western societies. Above all, this book examines the fear that Islamic fundamentalism excites in the west and warns against allowing crusading war propaganda to affect our judgment today. 24 illustrations. Maps.

Beyond Holy Wars

Author: Christoffer H. Grundmann
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 163087308X
Size: 53.34 MB
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The 9/11 al-Qaeda attacks on the U.S. in 2001 shocked the world, not only because of their viciousness but also because of the disillusionment that holy wars are a phenomenon of the past. Holy wars, rather, are a reality in today's world too, threatening global peace like never before. In this volume Christoffer Grundmann pleads for the cultivation of religious literacy and interreglious dialogue. First, he attempts to regain an adequate understanding of religion by showing the incompatibility of abstract concepts of religion with religions actually lived. So Grundmann suggests perceiving religion as the lived relationship toward an Ultimate. Given that interreligious dialogue is communication about diverse ways of relating to the Ultimate, the religiously embedded, primarily Jewish philosophy of encounter and dialogical thinking--with its personalistic nature--comes into focus here as uniquely suited for such communication. Even though interreligious encounter implies risk, Christians cannot but engage in it fearlessly, says Grundmann, because they trust that the risen Christ will reveal himself anew as the one he really is, wherever and whenever Christians take part in dialogue with people of other faiths.

A Brief Outline Of Religious History

Author: MM
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
ISBN: 1490732950
Size: 49.61 MB
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This paper was written because the author (MM) believes a great threat to world peace is imminent. The subjects raised in leading to, and in support of, this belief are intentionally brief and included only to lead to the conclusion. There are volumes written on each subject and available to anyone with a further interest. The potential solution to the threat will be extremely difficult to accomplish for many reasons but must be attempted.

The Holy Land Key

Author: Ray Bentley
Publisher: WaterBrook
ISBN: 030773207X
Size: 46.67 MB
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Don’t Just Read Prophecy. Step into Its Fulfillment. The study of prophecy inspires elaborate timelines and speculation about which world leader might rise to power in the last days. But meanwhile, it’s far too easy to miss the significant prophetic signs contained in stories of biblical characters, in God’s creation, and in the lives and actions of today’s Israelis and Palestinians. The Holy Land Key opens our eyes to little-known aspects of prophecy, including: · God’s master plan revealed in the seven Feasts of the Lord · The ingathering of God’s people, and the ways Israelis are hearing from God today · Significant prophetic patterns discovered in the lunar cycle · Awe-inspiring testimonies to God’s glory spelled out in the night sky · Glimpses of God’s future kingdom revealed in the stories of well-known figures from Scripture For decades, author and pastor Ray Bentley has partnered with God’s people in Israel, including Judea and Samaria, the area known as the West Bank. There, he witnesses the fulfillment of prophecy firsthand. This is your introduction to prophetic signs that God reveals in sometimes unexpected ways. He does not want us to miss the work he is doing to usher in the coming Kingdom.

Concise General Knowledge Manual

Author: Edgar Thorpe
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131755129
Size: 59.49 MB
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"The Pearson Concise General Knowledge Manual 2011" is accurate, well-researched and examination-oriented. This best seller helps to master the subject of general knowledge for various competitive examinations. The book is based on current trends in general knowledge questions featured in various competitive examinations as well as in examinations conducted by UPSC, SSC, Banking Services, Railway Recruitment Boards, and central and state recruitment bodies. It includes sample practice exercises for each subject area and a comprehensive question bank for practice, in all three media paper-pencil, online and on-mobile (GPRS only) platforms. It boasts of an up-to-date national and international Current Affairs section; the latest updates and downloadable test papers available free on the web companion site."

The Crusades Christianity And Islam

Author: Jonathan Riley-Smith
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231517947
Size: 10.99 MB
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The Crusades were penitential war-pilgrimages fought in the Levant and the eastern Mediterranean, as well as in North Africa, Spain, Portugal, Poland, the Baltic region, Hungary, the Balkans, and Western Europe. Beginning in the eleventh century and ending as late as the eighteenth, these holy wars were waged against Muslims and other enemies of the Church, enlisting generations of laymen and laywomen to fight for the sake of Christendom. Crusading features prominently in today's religio-political hostilities, yet the perceptions of these wars held by Arab nationalists, pan-Islamists, and many in the West have been deeply distorted by the language and imagery of nineteenth-century European imperialism. With this book, Jonathan Riley-Smith returns to the actual story of the Crusades, explaining why and where they were fought and how deeply their narratives and symbolism became embedded in popular Catholic thought and devotional life. From this history, Riley-Smith traces the legacy of the Crusades into modern times, specifically within the attitudes of European imperialists and colonialists and within the beliefs of twentieth-century Muslims. Europeans fashioned an interpretation of the Crusades from the writings of Walter Scott and a French contemporary, Joseph-François Michaud. Scott portrayed Islamic societies as forward-thinking, while casting Christian crusaders as culturally backward and often morally corrupt. Michaud, in contrast, glorified crusading, and his followers used its imagery to illuminate imperial adventures. These depictions have had a profound influence on contemporary Western opinion, as well as on Muslim attitudes toward their past and present. Whether regarded as a valid expression of Christianity's divine enterprise or condemned as a weapon of empire, crusading has been a powerful rhetorical tool for centuries. In order to understand the preoccupations of Islamist jihadis and the character of Western discourse on the Middle East, Riley-Smith argues, we must understand how images of crusading were formed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

The Holy Wars Of King Wladislas And Sultan Murad

Author: John Jefferson
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004219048
Size: 55.76 MB
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The Holy Wars of King Wladislas and Sultan Murad presents a detailed account of the conflict between Christendom and the Ottoman Empire from 1438-1444, which culminated in the Crusade of Varna.

The Crusades

Author: Thomas Asbridge
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1849837708
Size: 13.69 MB
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In the eleventh century, a vast Christian army, summoned to holy war by the pope, rampaged through the Muslim world of the eastern Mediterranean, seizing possession of Jerusalem, a city revered by both faiths. Over the two hundred years that followed this First Crusade, Islam and the West fought for dominion of the Holy Land, clashing in a succession of chillingly brutal wars, both firm in the belief that they were at God's work. For the first time, this book tells the story of this epic struggle from the perspective of both Christians and Muslims, reconstructing the experiences and attitudes of those on either side of the conflict. Mixing pulsing narrative and piercing insight, it exposes the full horror, passion and barbaric grandeur of the crusading era. One of the world's foremost authorities on the subject, Thomas Asbridge offers a vivid and penetrating history of the crusades, setting a new standard for modern scholarship. Drawing upon painstaking original research and an intimate knowledge of the Near East, he uncovers what drove Muslims and Christians alike to embrace the ideals of jihad and crusade, revealing how these holy wars reshaped the medieval world and why they continue to echo in human memory to this day.

Belief And Bloodshed

Author: James K. Wellman
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742558243
Size: 74.86 MB
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Intended for students as well as scholars of religion and violence, Belief and Bloodshed: Religion and Violence across Time and Tradition discusses how the relationship between religion and violence is not unique to a post-9/11 world_it has existed throughout all of recorded history and culture.