International Taxation In A Nutshell

Author: Richard L. Doernberg
Publisher: West Academic
ISBN: 9780314194244
Size: 59.15 MB
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Offers a concise exposition of the United States tax laws involved in international business and investment transactions.

International Taxation In A Nutshell

Author: MINDY. HERZFELD
Publisher: West Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9781640209053
Size: 80.72 MB
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This Nutshell, which provides an introduction to U.S. international taxation useful to both U.S. and non-U.S. students and practitioners interested in the topic, has been extensively revised and updated to address the fundamental changes to the U.S. international tax rules introduced by the 2017 tax act, as well as global tax changes brought about by the OECD's project on cross-border tax avoidance. In addition to providing a survey of the technical rules, the book also offers insight into tax planning considerations and how these have been altered by recent U.S. and global developments. Both the U.S. activities of foreign taxpayers, as well as the foreign activities of U.S. taxpayers are explored. In today's world, it is crucial for those involved in business and investment activities to understand the tax consequences that impact cross-border flows. The authors' careers span both the academic and private sectors, and they have used their experiences to distill the complexities of real-world tax considerations into a clearly written, straight-forward presentation of the key international tax concepts.

Studies In International Taxation

Author: Alberto Giovannini
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226297033
Size: 63.34 MB
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As a united global economy evolves, economists and policymakers are forced to consider whether the current system of taxing income is inconsistent with the trend toward liberalized world financial flows and increased international competition. To help assess existing tax policies and incentives, this volume presents new research on how taxes affect the investment and financing decisions of multinationals today. The contributors examine the effects of taxation on decisions about international financial management, business investment, and international income shifting. They consider the influence of tax rules on dividend policy decisions within multinationals; the extent to which tax incentives affect the level and location of research and development across countries; and the fact that foreign-controlled companies operating in the United States pay lower taxes than do domestically controlled companies. The contributors to this volume are Rosanne Altshuler, Alan J. Auerbach, Neil Bruce, Timothy Goodspeed, Roger H. Gordon, Harry Grubert, Bronwyn H. Hall, David Harris, Kevin Hassett, James R. Hines Jr., Roy D. Hogg, Joosung Jun, Jeffrey K. Mackie-Mason, Jack M. Mintz, Randall Morck, John Mutti, T. Scott Newlon, James M. Poterba, Joel Slemrod, Deborah Swenson, G. Peter Wilson, and Bernard Yeung.

Federal Estate And Gift Taxation In A Nutshell

Author: John K. McNulty
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 14.40 MB
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Wealth Transfer Taxation; Constitutionality; The Federal Estate Tax, Gift Tax and Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax Outlined; Unification of Transfer Taxes; Gratuitous Transfers; Transfers During Life; Donative Intent; Consideration; Property; Transfer; Inclusion in the Gross Estate; Alternative Valuation Date; Liability for Tax; Incomplete Transfers; Transfers in Contemplation of Death; Retained Interests or Powers; Revocable Transfers; Special Valuation Rules and "Estate Freezes; " Jointly-Owned Property; Community Property; Property Settlements; Life Insurance; Annuities; Employee Death Benefits; Powers of Appointment; Inclusion; Valuation; Exemptions; Exclusions; Future Interests; Deductions (Charitable, etc.); Marital Deduction; Split Gifts; Unified Credit; International; Estate Planning; Reforms and Fundamental Alternatives.

Comparative Tax Law

Author: Victor Thuronyi
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 904116720X
Size: 77.26 MB
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Although the details of tax law are literally endless—differing not only from jurisdiction to jurisdiction but also from day-to-day—structures and patterns exist across tax systems that can be understood with relative ease. This book, now in an updated new edition, focuses on these essential patterns. It provides an immensely useful introduction to the core common knowledge that any well-informed tax lawyer or policy maker should have about comparative tax law in our times. The busy reader will welcome the compact nature of this work, which is shorter than the first edition and can be read in a weekend if one skips footnotes. The authors elucidate the commonalities and differences across countries in areas including (much of the detail new to the second edition): • general anti-avoidance rules; • court decisions striking down tax laws as violating constitutional rules against retroactivity, unequal treatment of equals, confiscation, and undue vagueness; • statutory interpretation; • inflation adjustment rules and the allowance for corporate equity; • value added tax systems; • concepts such as “tax”, “capital gain”, “tax avoidance”, and “partnership”; • corporate-shareholder tax systems; • the relationship between tax and financial accounting; • taxation of investment income; • tax authorities’ ability to obtain and process information about taxpayers; and • systems of appeals from tax assessments. The information and analysis pull together valuable material which is scattered over a disparate literature, much of it not available in English. Especially considering the dynamic nature of tax law, whose rate of change exceeds that of any other field of law, the authors’ clear identification of the underlying patterns and fundamental structures that all tax systems have in common—as well as where the differences lie—guides the reader and offers resources for further research.

Global Trends In Vat Gst And Direct Taxation

Author: Sebastian Pfeiffer
Publisher: Linde Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3709406897
Size: 12.46 MB
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Recent developments in direct taxes and VAT/GST Taxes – in general – have become the topic of broad legal and policy discussions. VAT and GST are often said to be the fiscal success story of the 20th century, as almost all developed countries levy VAT or GST or similar all-encompassing broad-based consumption taxes. Global trends in direct taxes are visible at the level of international players, such as the OECD. Due to the OECD’s BEPS project, national tax systems are being significantly modified. This book aims at identifying and discussing the current global trends in both VAT/GST and direct taxes. In daily practice, VAT/GST and direct taxes should be regarded simultaneously. Therefore, the Master’s theses contained in this book deal with and highlight numerous issues, challenges and opportunities found in both direct taxes and in the VAT/GST area, ranging from nexus in direct taxes and VAT/GST, recent developments in certain policy areas, the definition of taxable persons, tax abuse, non-discrimination rules, charities, transfer pricing, European State aid, immovable property, share deals etc. While the construction of VAT/GST and direct taxes differs, both taxes have similarities. The contributions in this book make a legal comparison of the recent developments in direct taxes and VAT/GST in the relevant fields, provide an analysis of the similarities and differences of the two taxation systems and highlight global trends in taxation.

Advances In Taxation

Author: Suzanne M. Luttman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1846639123
Size: 59.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Addresses various aspects of taxation, including tax policy issues at the federal, state, local, and international levels.

Tax Policy In A Nutshell

Author: Christopher Hanna
Publisher: West Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9781683282648
Size: 41.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Taxes impact every individual and business in the United States and around the world. Countries are constantly changing, modifying, and occasionally reforming their tax systems. Understanding tax policy and implementing changes in the tax law that are consistent with sound tax policy is critically important. This compact guide explains essential concepts in tax policy, including theories of taxation and their implementation, criteria in evaluating a tax system, tax bases, the Haig-Simons definition of income, Samuelson depreciation, the Cary Brown Theorem, capital gains and losses, tax expenditures, the distribution of the tax burden, and issues in corporate and international taxation. The book discusses the tax policy considerations of the current state of the law, including the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, the most comprehensive U.S. tax system reform in over thirty years.

Tax Planning With Holding Companies Repatriation Of Us Profits From Europe

Author: Rolf Eicke
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041127941
Size: 20.32 MB
Format: PDF
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The book deals with tax planning with holding companies located in Europe, Asia of the Caribbean. It analyses the problem of repatriating U.S. profits from Europe, going far beyond the routing of income via different companies. Instead, the approach includes an analysis of the interdependencies between international tax competition, holding company regimes, and tax planning concepts in order to establish a basis for tax planning measures regardless of the fast changing legal environment for holding companies in the different countries.

The Property Tax In China

Author: Yilin Hou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319100491
Size: 19.61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This monograph offers a detailed analysis of the creation, pilot implementation, and possible wide adoption of the real property tax at the local level in China. Starting in 2003, as China’s economy gradually recovered from the Asian financial crisis that started in 1998, the real property market entered a period of rapid expansion, followed immediately by rampant speculation, rising housing costs, and official corruption. Over the last ten years, the price of real property in most cities has more than tripled, especially in metropolitan areas. In an effort to curb this, the government has instituted a number of property-market controls, including property tax pilot programs in Shanghai and Chongqing. While this is the latest of a number of fiscal reforms, it is a very important one that carries with it the ability to change the landscape of public finance, intergovernmental relations, and local governance in China. It represents a fundamental change in the provision of public services, the relationship between local governments and tax payers, and the status of localities in the government structure. Taking a public choice perspective, the authors argue that the local property tax should be used not solely as a means of controlling housing prices but should be fully employed as a fiscal and budgetary institution that will contribute to mitigating multifarious socio-economic problems resulting from economic growth, rapid urbanization, and widening income disparity. As this program is the first of its kind, so this book is the first detailed study of property tax in China; as such, it will appeal to researchers of public finance and public policy. It will also be of great interest to policymakers in China and in other countries that are considering adopting or reforming their versions of the local property tax. It fills the gap in a growing body of literature about the inner workings of Chinese economics and policy.