Handbook Of Gender Research In Psychology

Author: Joan C. Chrisler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441914651
Size: 48.17 MB
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Donald R. McCreary and Joan C. Chrisler The Development of Gender Studies in Psychology Studies of sex differences are as old as the ?eld of psychology, and they have been conducted in every sub?eld of the discipline. There are probably many reasons for the popularity of these studies, but three reasons seem to be most prominent. First, social psychological studies of person perception show that sex is especially salient in social groups. It is the ?rst thing people notice about others, and it is one of the things we remember best (Fiske, Haslam, & Fiske, 1991; Stangor, Lynch, Duan, & Glass, 1992). For example, people may not remember who uttered a witty remark, but they are likely to remember whether the quip came from a woman or a man. Second, many people hold ?rm beliefs that aspects of physiology suit men and women for particular social roles. Men’s greater upper body strength makes them better candidates for manual labor, and their greater height gives the impression that they would make good leaders (i. e. , people we look up to). Women’s reproductive capacity and the caretaking tasks (e. g. , breastfeeding, baby minding) that accompany it make them seem suitable for other roles that require gentleness and nurturance. Third, the logic that underlies hypothesis testing in the sciences is focused on difference. Researchers design their studies with the hope that they can reject the null hypothesis that experimental groups do not differ.

Personality In Intimate Relationships

Author: Luciano L'Abate
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387226071
Size: 44.62 MB
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Four decades of contributions to personality theory and family practice have earned Luciano L’Abate a worldwide reputation for therapeutic insights. Now he expands on his pathbreaking relational theory of personality to apply it to the twenty-first-century family in all its configurations. Personality in Intimate Relationships showcases L’Abate’s trademark elegant style and provocative ideas in his most accessible work to date. Based on Axes I and II of the DSM-IV, the book describes relationships along a readily identifiable continuum ranging from optimal functionality to severe pathology, linking the author’s conceptual framework to specific diagnostic strategies, therapeutic interventions, and prevention programs. L’Abate’s theory not only integrates individual and family theories and seemingly disparate schools of thought, but is also inclusive of nontraditional relationships—grandparent/grandchild dyads, adoptive families, same-sex couples, and others—that are often left out of the family literature. Among the key areas explored in the book: • Selfhood and self-differentiation • Confrontation and sharing of hurt feelings • Negotiating, bargaining, and problem-solving • Dealing with distance and closeness • Intimacy and the ability to love In addition, the reader is referred to complementary online appendices that supply helpful questionnaires, workbooks, and ideas for further applications. Personality in Intimate Relationships offers fresh perspective to all frontline practitioners as well as investigators in this area. It is also ideal for graduate courses in abnormal psychology and personal development.

Handbook Of Peer Interactions Relationships And Groups

Author: Kenneth H. Rubin
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593854412
Size: 21.24 MB
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This comprehensive, authoritative handbook covers the breadth of theories, methods, and empirically based findings on the ways in which children and adolescents contribute to one another's development. Leading researchers review current knowledge on the dynamics of peer interactions and relationships from infancy through adolescence. Topics include methods of assessing friendship and peer networks; early romantic relationships; individual differences and contextual factors in children's social and emotional competencies and behaviors; group dynamics; and the impact of peer relations on achievement, social adaptation, and mental health. Salient issues in intervention and prevention are also addressed.

Attachment In Adolescence Reflections And New Angles

Author: Miri Scharf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111821675X
Size: 75.62 MB
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In recent years, the number of empirical studies examiningattachment in adolescence has grown considerably, with mostfocusing on individual difference in attachment security. Thisvolume goes a step further in extending knowledge andunderstanding. The physical, cognitive, emotional, and socialchanges that characterize adolescence invite a closer conceptuallook at attachment processes and organization during this period.The chapter authors, leading researchers in attachment inadolescence, address key topics in attachment process inadolescence. These include issues such as the normative distancingfrom parents and the growing importance of peers, the formation ofvaried attachment hierarchies, the changing nature of attachmentdynamics from issues of survival to issues of affect regulation,siblings' similarity in attachment representations, individualdifferences in social information processes in adolescence, andstability and change in attachment representations in a risksample. Together the chapters provide a compelling discussion ofintriguing issues and broaden our understanding of attachment inadolescence and the basic tenets of attachment theory at large. This is the 117th issue of the Jossey Bass quarterly reportseries New Directions for Child and AdolescentDevelopment.

Gender Interaction And Inequality

Author: Cecilia L. Ridgeway
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475721994
Size: 73.89 MB
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Causal explanations are essential for theory building. In focusing on causal mechanisms rather than descriptive effects, the goal of this volume is to increase our theoretical understanding of the way gender operates in interaction. Theoretical analyses of gender's effects in interaction, in turn, are necessary to understand how such effects might be implicated with individual-level and social structural-level processes in the larger system of gender inequality. Despite other differences, the contributors to this book all take what might be loosely called a "microstructural" approach to gender and interaction. All agree that individuals come to interaction with certain common, socially created beliefs, cultural meanings, experiences, and social rules. These include stereotypes about gendered activities and skills, beliefs about the status value of gender, rules for interacting in certain settings, and so on. However, as individuals apply these beliefs and rules to the specific contingent events of interaction, they combine and reshape their implications in distinctive ways that are particular to the encounter. As a result, individuals actively construct their social relations in the encounter through their interaction. The patterns of relations that develop are not completely determined or scripted in advance by the beliefs and rules of the larger society. Consequently, there is a reciprocal causal relationship between constructed patterns of interaction and larger social structural forms. The constructed patterns of social relations among a set of interactants can be thought of as micro-level social structures or, more simply, "microstructures.

Handbook Of Adolescent Psychology Contextual Influences On Adolescent Development

Author: Richard M. Lerner
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470149225
Size: 17.89 MB
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The study of and interest in adolescence in the field of psychology and related fields continues to grow, necessitating an expanded revision of this seminal work. This multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, Richard Lerner and Laurence Steinberg, and with contributions from the leading researchers, reflects the latest empirical work and growth in the field.

Adolescent Behavior Research Studies

Author: Rene S. Grenell
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781600216961
Size: 75.34 MB
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Developmentally, puberty is accompanied by major physical and emotional changes that alter a young person's relationships and patterns of interaction with others. The transition into adolescence begins the move toward independence from parents and the need to establish one's own values, personal and sexual identity, and the skills and competencies needed to compete in adult society. Independence requires young people to renegotiate family rules and degree of supervision by parents, a process that can generate conflict and withdrawal from parents. At the same time, social networks expand, and relationships with peers and adults in new social contexts equal or exceed in importance the relationships with parents. The criteria for success and acceptance among peers and adults change. Adapting to all of these changes in relationships, social contexts, status, and performance criteria can generate great stress, feelings of rejection, and anger at perceived or real failure. Young people may be attracted to violent behaviour as a way of asserting their independence of the adult world and its rules, as a way of gaining the attention and respect of peers, as a way of compensating for limited personal competencies, or as a response to restricted opportunities for success at school or in the community. Good relationships with parents during childhood will help in a successful transition to adolescence, but they do not guarantee it.

Handbook Of School Counseling

Author: Hardin L. K. Coleman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780805856231
Size: 16.65 MB
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The mission of this forty-eight chapter Handbook is to provide a comprehensive reference source that integrates counseling theory, research and practice into one volume. It is designed to meet the needs of entry-level practitioners from their initial placement in schools through their first three to five years of practice. It will also be of interest to experienced school counselors, counselor educators, school researchers, and counseling representatives within state and local governments.

Psychological And Physical Aggression In Couples

Author: K. Daniel O'Leary
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN: 9781433804533
Size: 29.40 MB
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Approximately 10% of men and women in the United States have experienced physical aggression from their partners within the last year. Most, if not all, of these instances were preceded by psychological aggression. Yet despite the integral relationship between psychological and physical aggression, the two topics are often researched and treated separately. This book investigates the interplay of psychological and physical aggression between partners. It examines the history of research in this area, discusses new, cutting-edge studies, and suggests promising applications in clinical settings. Different levels of severity and types of aggression are explored, illustrating that for both risk factors and interventions, "one size does not fit all." The three major sections of the book focus on prevalence, etiology, and intervention. Within these sections, contributors discuss sociocultural, familial, genetic, and psychological factors associated with partner aggression; prevention; individual and group interventions; couples therapy; and more. With its unique combination of research and clinical findings by well-known experts in the field, this volume will inspire both service providers and researchers to think about partner aggression in new ways.