Handbook Of Gender Research In Psychology

Author: Joan C. Chrisler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441914651
Size: 53.62 MB
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Donald R. McCreary and Joan C. Chrisler The Development of Gender Studies in Psychology Studies of sex differences are as old as the ?eld of psychology, and they have been conducted in every sub?eld of the discipline. There are probably many reasons for the popularity of these studies, but three reasons seem to be most prominent. First, social psychological studies of person perception show that sex is especially salient in social groups. It is the ?rst thing people notice about others, and it is one of the things we remember best (Fiske, Haslam, & Fiske, 1991; Stangor, Lynch, Duan, & Glass, 1992). For example, people may not remember who uttered a witty remark, but they are likely to remember whether the quip came from a woman or a man. Second, many people hold ?rm beliefs that aspects of physiology suit men and women for particular social roles. Men’s greater upper body strength makes them better candidates for manual labor, and their greater height gives the impression that they would make good leaders (i. e. , people we look up to). Women’s reproductive capacity and the caretaking tasks (e. g. , breastfeeding, baby minding) that accompany it make them seem suitable for other roles that require gentleness and nurturance. Third, the logic that underlies hypothesis testing in the sciences is focused on difference. Researchers design their studies with the hope that they can reject the null hypothesis that experimental groups do not differ.

Personality In Intimate Relationships

Author: Luciano L'Abate
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387226071
Size: 16.59 MB
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Four decades of contributions to personality theory and family practice have earned Luciano L’Abate a worldwide reputation for therapeutic insights. Now he expands on his pathbreaking relational theory of personality to apply it to the twenty-first-century family in all its configurations. Personality in Intimate Relationships showcases L’Abate’s trademark elegant style and provocative ideas in his most accessible work to date. Based on Axes I and II of the DSM-IV, the book describes relationships along a readily identifiable continuum ranging from optimal functionality to severe pathology, linking the author’s conceptual framework to specific diagnostic strategies, therapeutic interventions, and prevention programs. L’Abate’s theory not only integrates individual and family theories and seemingly disparate schools of thought, but is also inclusive of nontraditional relationships—grandparent/grandchild dyads, adoptive families, same-sex couples, and others—that are often left out of the family literature. Among the key areas explored in the book: • Selfhood and self-differentiation • Confrontation and sharing of hurt feelings • Negotiating, bargaining, and problem-solving • Dealing with distance and closeness • Intimacy and the ability to love In addition, the reader is referred to complementary online appendices that supply helpful questionnaires, workbooks, and ideas for further applications. Personality in Intimate Relationships offers fresh perspective to all frontline practitioners as well as investigators in this area. It is also ideal for graduate courses in abnormal psychology and personal development.

Handbook Of Peer Interactions Relationships And Groups

Author: Kenneth H. Rubin
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593854412
Size: 21.80 MB
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This comprehensive, authoritative handbook covers the breadth of theories, methods, and empirically based findings on the ways in which children and adolescents contribute to one another's development. Leading researchers review current knowledge on the dynamics of peer interactions and relationships from infancy through adolescence. Topics include methods of assessing friendship and peer networks; early romantic relationships; individual differences and contextual factors in children's social and emotional competencies and behaviors; group dynamics; and the impact of peer relations on achievement, social adaptation, and mental health. Salient issues in intervention and prevention are also addressed.

Attachment In Adolescence Reflections And New Angles

Author: Miri Scharf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111821675X
Size: 77.79 MB
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In recent years, the number of empirical studies examiningattachment in adolescence has grown considerably, with mostfocusing on individual difference in attachment security. Thisvolume goes a step further in extending knowledge andunderstanding. The physical, cognitive, emotional, and socialchanges that characterize adolescence invite a closer conceptuallook at attachment processes and organization during this period.The chapter authors, leading researchers in attachment inadolescence, address key topics in attachment process inadolescence. These include issues such as the normative distancingfrom parents and the growing importance of peers, the formation ofvaried attachment hierarchies, the changing nature of attachmentdynamics from issues of survival to issues of affect regulation,siblings' similarity in attachment representations, individualdifferences in social information processes in adolescence, andstability and change in attachment representations in a risksample. Together the chapters provide a compelling discussion ofintriguing issues and broaden our understanding of attachment inadolescence and the basic tenets of attachment theory at large. This is the 117th issue of the Jossey Bass quarterly reportseries New Directions for Child and AdolescentDevelopment.

Handbook Of Pediatric Neuropsychology

Author: Andrew S. Davis, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826157379
Size: 32.76 MB
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ìBy far, the most comprehensive and detailed coverage of pediatric neuropsychology available in a single book today, Davis provides coverage of basic principles of pediatric neuropsychology, but overall the work highlights applications to daily practice and special problems encountered by the pediatric neuropsychologist.î Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD Texas A&M University "The breadth and depth of this body of work is impressive. Chapters written by some of the best researchers and authors in the field of pediatric neuropsychology address every possible perspective on brain-behavior relationships culminating in an encyclopedic textÖ. This [book] reflects how far and wide pediatric neuropsychology has come in the past 20 years and the promise of how far it will go in the next." Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, EdD, NCSP, ABPdN The Chicago School of Professional Psychology "...it would be hard to imagine a clinical situation in pediatric neuropsychology in whichthis book would fail as a valuable resource."--Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology "I believe there is much to recommend this hefty volume. It is a solid reference that I can see appreciating as a resource as I update my training bibliography."--Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society This landmark reference covers all aspects of pediatric neuropsychology from a research-based perspective, while presenting an applied focus with practical suggestions and guidelines for clinical practice. Useful both as a training manual for graduate students and as a comprehensive reference for experienced practitioners, it is an essential resource for those dealing with a pediatric population. This handbook provides an extensive overview of the most common medical conditions that neuropsychologists encounter while dealing with pediatric populations. It also discusses school-based issues such as special education law, consulting with school staff, and reintegrating children back into mainstream schools. It contains over 100 well-respected authors who are leading researchers in their respective fields. Additionally, each of the 95 chapters includes an up-to-date review of available research, resulting in the most comprehensive text on pediatric neuropsychology available in a single volume. Key Features: Provides thorough information on understanding functional neuroanatomy and development, and on using functional neuroimaging Highlights clinical practice issues, such as legal and ethical decision-making, dealing with child abuse and neglect, and working with school staff Describes a variety of professional issues that neuropsychologists must confront during their daily practice, such as ethics, multiculturalism, child abuse, forensics, and psychopharmacology

Handbook Of Adolescent Psychology Contextual Influences On Adolescent Development

Author: Richard M. Lerner
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470149225
Size: 29.18 MB
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The study of and interest in adolescence in the field of psychology and related fields continues to grow, necessitating an expanded revision of this seminal work. This multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, Richard Lerner and Laurence Steinberg, and with contributions from the leading researchers, reflects the latest empirical work and growth in the field.

Adolescent Behavior Research Studies

Author: Rene S. Grenell
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781600216961
Size: 32.68 MB
Format: PDF
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Developmentally, puberty is accompanied by major physical and emotional changes that alter a young person's relationships and patterns of interaction with others. The transition into adolescence begins the move toward independence from parents and the need to establish one's own values, personal and sexual identity, and the skills and competencies needed to compete in adult society. Independence requires young people to renegotiate family rules and degree of supervision by parents, a process that can generate conflict and withdrawal from parents. At the same time, social networks expand, and relationships with peers and adults in new social contexts equal or exceed in importance the relationships with parents. The criteria for success and acceptance among peers and adults change. Adapting to all of these changes in relationships, social contexts, status, and performance criteria can generate great stress, feelings of rejection, and anger at perceived or real failure. Young people may be attracted to violent behaviour as a way of asserting their independence of the adult world and its rules, as a way of gaining the attention and respect of peers, as a way of compensating for limited personal competencies, or as a response to restricted opportunities for success at school or in the community. Good relationships with parents during childhood will help in a successful transition to adolescence, but they do not guarantee it.

Handbook Of School Counseling

Author: Hardin L. K. Coleman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780805856231
Size: 54.97 MB
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The mission of this forty-eight chapter Handbook is to provide a comprehensive reference source that integrates counseling theory, research and practice into one volume. It is designed to meet the needs of entry-level practitioners from their initial placement in schools through their first three to five years of practice. It will also be of interest to experienced school counselors, counselor educators, school researchers, and counseling representatives within state and local governments.

Close Relationships

Author: Clyde Hendrick
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 80.47 MB
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As Ellen Bercheid points out in her foreword to this volume, relationship science is a complex and ever expanding field. Much credit goes to editors Clyde Hendrick and Susan S. Hendrick for their scholarly dedication to the advancement of this multidisciplinary arena. This sourcebook demonstrates, yet again, their expertise and leadership as they succeed in combining many great contributions to the field by some of the most respected specialists around. Read this book for a panoramic view of close relationship research with highlights from current literature, original research, practical applications, and projections for future research.