Intuition And Ideality

Author: David Weissman
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887064272
Size: 40.50 MB
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This book shows how idealism is a consequence of the intuitionist method. Idealism develops from mental content inspected by mind, or as mind characterizing itself. Weissman declares that the idea of an independent world, of a nature whose character and existence are independent of mind, cannot be recovered until we repudiate the intuitionist method. This psycho-centric ontology has been pervasive in Western philosophy since Parmenides and Plato. Intuition and Ideality characterizes its varieties, dialectical cycles, and idealist consequences. What is required is a method that is speculative and testable--a method that makes speculation responsible by testability. Weissman characterizes such a hypothetical method, and he describes some of the categorical features that are discovered in the world as this alternative method is used.

Descartes And Cartesianism

Author: Nathan Smith
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443802506
Size: 45.97 MB
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Descartes is well known for his decisive and spectacular break with the philosophical tradition. Indeed, on account of that break, he is frequently reputed to be the “father of modern philosophy.” This reputation, in an important sense, seems deserved. The present collection, however, attempts to reevaluate the currency of this common opinion by attending to the impact of “Cartesianism” on philosophy from its immediate epicenter in 17th century science and metaphysics up to its continuing consequences today. In a larger sense, the volume aims to contribute to efforts underway in contemporary scholarship to arrive at a more accurate and comprehensive understanding of Descartes’ philosophical achievement as such. Accordingly, the essays in Part I address the character of Descartes’ originality with respect to the foundations, method and trajectory of his philosophical project, while those in Part II focus more exclusively on the lasting challenges which issue from that originality. The range and variety of approaches assembled in the collection are intended to reflect the complexity of Descartes’ own thought. The result is a volume which will be of interest to students of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and the history of philosophy as well as contemporary phenomenology, philosophy of mind and philosophy of language.

Intuition Theory And Anti Theory In Ethics

Author: Timothy Chappell
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191045993
Size: 37.64 MB
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What form, or forms, might ethical knowledge take? In particular, can ethical knowledge take the form either of moral theory, or of moral intuition? If it can, should it? These are central questions for ethics today, and they are the central questions for the philosophical essays collected in this volume. Intuition, Theory, and Anti-Theory in Ethics draws together new work by leading experts in the field, in order to represent as many different perspectives on the discussion as possible. The volume is not built upon any kind of tidy consensus about what 'knowledge', 'theory', and 'intuition' mean. Rather, the idea is to explore as many as possible of the different things that knowledge, theory, and intuition could be in ethics.

The Science Of The Mind

Author: Owen J. Flanagan
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262560566
Size: 65.17 MB
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Consciousness emerges as the key topic in this second edition of Owen Flanagan's popular introduction to cognitive science and the philosophy of psychology. in a new chapter Flanagan develops a neurophilosophical theory of subjective mental life. He brings recent developments in the theory of neuronal group selection and connectionism to bear on the problems of the evolution of consciousness, qualia, the unique first-personal aspects of consciousness, the causal role of consciousness, and the function and development of the sense of personal identity. He has also substantially revised the chapter on cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence to incorporate recent discussions of connectionism and parallel distributed processing.

From Philosophy To Economics Early Essays

Author: Neil Shandalow
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1475965362
Size: 50.36 MB
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Diverse, introductory, and interesting essays on Descartes, Schopenhauer, Marx, Bergson, Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Thomas Kuhn, Hecksher, Ohlin. Topics include: certainty, conditions for knowledge, empirical and a priori knowledge, ego, duration, consciousness, free-will, alienation, naturalism, scientific revolutions, profits, rents, classical and marginalist economics, foreign trade theory. These essays were written when I was a graduate student in philosophy in the late 1960s at New York University and then a decade later as a graduate student in economics at the Graduate Faculty, The New School for Social Research. After reading and digesting these essays the reader will be able to converse with philosophers and economists on these topics at dinner parties and other social gatherings, as long as the reader keeps the conversation on a superficial level.

Descartes And Husserl

Author: Paul S. MacDonald
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791443699
Size: 71.49 MB
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Presents the first book-length study of the profound influence of Descartes' philosophy on Husserl's project for phenomenology.

Intellectual Assurance

Author: Brett Coppenger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191030333
Size: 49.94 MB
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This volume presents a dozen essays by prominent contemporary epistemologists providing a careful examination and critical evaluation of traditional epistemic internalism. Unlike competing versions of internalism, the guiding principle of traditional internalism is not to accommodate our commonsense nonskeptical views about the rationality of our ordinary beliefs, but to emphasize the need for strong skepticism-resistant intellectual assurance that our ordinary beliefs (perceptual and otherwise) are true. The essays focus on what traditional internalism has to say about the following three topics: the nature of non-inferentially justified belief, the nature of inferentially justified belief, and the best way to respond to skepticism. The end product is a volume containing many probing objections to traditional internalism, pushing its proponents to provide creative new defenses if they want this old-fashioned view to survive in the modern world.

Intuition In Science And Mathematics

Author: H. Fischbein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306472376
Size: 36.33 MB
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In writing the present book I have had in mind the following objectives: - To propose a theoretical, comprehensive view of the domain of intuition. - To identify and organize the experimental findings related to intuition scattered in a wide variety of research contexts. - To reveal the educational implications of the idea, developed for science and mathematics education. Most of the existing monographs in the field of intuition are mainly concerned with theoretical debates - definitions, philosophical attitudes, historical considerations. (See, especially the works of Wild (1938), of Bunge (1 962) and of Noddings and Shore (1 984).) A notable exception is the book by Westcott (1968), which combines theoretical analyses with the author’s own experimental studies. But, so far, no attempt has been made to identify systematically those findings, spread throughout the research literature, which could contribute to the deciphering of the mechanisms of intuition. Very often the relevant studies do not refer explicitly to intuition. Even when this term is used it occurs, usually, as a self-evident, common sense term.

Cartesian Truth

Author: Thomas C. Vinci
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198027303
Size: 18.85 MB
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Bold and pioneering, this book makes a detailed historical and systematic case that Descartes's theory of knowledge is an elegant and powerful combination of a priori, naturalistic, and dialectical elements meriting serious consideration by both contemporary analytic philosophers and postmodern thinkers. In the course of making this case Thomas Vinci develops a broad reinterpretation of Cartesian thought that unlocks novel solutions to many of the most vexed questions in Cartesian scholarship.

The Structure Of The Mind

Author: Francesco Belfiore
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761827870
Size: 17.36 MB
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This book represents a unique attempt to restore a 'new-classical' aspiration towards a philosophical system able to provide some certainties. Using the distinctive feature of presenting an original and complete philosophical system, author Francesco Belfiore diverges from the philosophical literature of the last decades, which has been ever more focused upon specific fields. Belfiore shows how failure to recognize this fundamental requirement of any philosophical inquiry has led to difficulties and misunderstandings in interpretation. Through his novel approach, Belfiore offers novel solutions in the fields of ontology, knowledge, language, esthetics, politics and ethics.