Journey Through Genius

Author: William Dunham
Publisher: Penguin Group USA
ISBN:
Size: 18.55 MB
Format: PDF
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Like masterpieces of art, music, and literature, great mathematical theorems are creative milestones, works of genius destined to last forever. Now William Dunham gives them the attention they deserve. Dunham places each theorem within its historical context and explores the very human and often turbulent life of the creator -- from Archimedes, the absentminded theoretician whose absorption in his work often precluded eating or bathing, to Gerolamo Cardano, the sixteenth-century mathematician whose accomplishments flourished despite a bizarre array of misadventures, to the paranoid genius of modern times, Georg Cantor. He also provides step-by-step proofs for the theorems, each easily accessible to readers with no more than a knowledge of high school mathematics. A rare combination of the historical, biographical, and mathematical, Journey Through Genius is a fascinating introduction to a neglected field of human creativity. "It is mathematics presented as a series of works of art; a fascinating lingering over individual examples of ingenuity and insight. It is mathematics by lightning flash." --Isaac Asimov

The Calculus Gallery

Author: William Dunham
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691095653
Size: 77.21 MB
Format: PDF
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More than three centuries after its creation, calculus remains a dazzling intellectual achievement and the gateway into higher mathematics. This book charts its growth and development by sampling from the work of some of its foremost practitioners, beginning with Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz in the late seventeenth century and continuing to Henri Lebesgue at the dawn of the twentieth--mathematicians whose achievements are comparable to those of Bach in music or Shakespeare in literature. William Dunham lucidly presents the definitions, theorems, and proofs. "Students of literature read Shakespeare; students of music listen to Bach," he writes. But this tradition of studying the major works of the "masters" is, if not wholly absent, certainly uncommon in mathematics. This book seeks to redress that situation. Like a great museum, The Calculus Gallery is filled with masterpieces, among which are Bernoulli's early attack upon the harmonic series (1689), Euler's brilliant approximation of pi (1779), Cauchy's classic proof of the fundamental theorem of calculus (1823), Weierstrass's mind-boggling counterexample (1872), and Baire's original "category theorem" (1899). Collectively, these selections document the evolution of calculus from a powerful but logically chaotic subject into one whose foundations are thorough, rigorous, and unflinching--a story of genius triumphing over some of the toughest, most subtle problems imaginable. Anyone who has studied and enjoyed calculus will discover in these pages the sheer excitement each mathematician must have felt when pushing into the unknown. In touring The Calculus Gallery, we can see how it all came to be.

The Mathematical Universe

Author: William Dunham
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN:
Size: 45.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Travels through mathematical concepts from Arithmetic to Zero to explore the wonders of the Fibonacci series, Russell's Paradox, and the theory of Pythagorus, in a witty and enthusiastic investigation of the great proofs, conundrums, disputes, and solutions in mathematics today.

Crc Concise Encyclopedia Of Mathematics

Author: Eric W. Weisstein
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420035223
Size: 58.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Upon publication, the first edition of the CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics received overwhelming accolades for its unparalleled scope, readability, and utility. It soon took its place among the top selling books in the history of Chapman & Hall/CRC, and its popularity continues unabated. Yet also unabated has been the d

Higher Mathematics For Science Technology And Engineering

Author: S. G. Ahmed
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1681082810
Size: 31.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Higher Mathematics for Science, Technology and Engineering is a textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students undertaking science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) courses. The book begins with an introduction to one variable functions, followed by chapters covering functional derivatives, partial differentiation, integrals, matrices and determinant theory, partial fractions and much more. Key features of this textbook include: -simple, easy-to-understand explanations of relevant concepts -a wide range of simple and complex examples -several figures where appropriate

Euler

Author: William Dunham
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883853283
Size: 15.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Leonhard Euler was one of the most prolific mathematicians that have ever lived. This book examines the huge scope of mathematical areas explored and developed by Euler, which includes number theory, combinatorics, geometry, complex variables and many more. The information known to Euler over 300 years ago is discussed, and many of his advances are reconstructed. Readers will be left in no doubt about the brilliance and pervasive influence of Euler's work.

Creators Of Mathematical And Computational Sciences

Author: Ravi P Agarwal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319108700
Size: 79.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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​The book records the essential discoveries of mathematical and computational scientists in chronological order, following the birth of ideas on the basis of prior ideas ad infinitum. The authors document the winding path of mathematical scholarship throughout history, and most importantly, the thought process of each individual that resulted in the mastery of their subject. The book implicitly addresses the nature and character of every scientist as one tries to understand their visible actions in both adverse and congenial environments. The authors hope that this will enable the reader to understand their mode of thinking, and perhaps even to emulate their virtues in life.

The Genius Of Euler

Author: William Dunham
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883855584
Size: 63.20 MB
Format: PDF
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Celebrating the 300th birthday of Leonhard Euler - collected articles address aspects of Euler's life and work.

Why Prove It Again

Author: John W. Dawson, Jr.
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319173685
Size: 65.91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This monograph considers several well-known mathematical theorems and asks the question, “Why prove it again?” while examining alternative proofs. It explores the different rationales mathematicians may have for pursuing and presenting new proofs of previously established results, as well as how they judge whether two proofs of a given result are different. While a number of books have examined alternative proofs of individual theorems, this is the first that presents comparative case studies of other methods for a variety of different theorems. The author begins by laying out the criteria for distinguishing among proofs and enumerates reasons why new proofs have, for so long, played a prominent role in mathematical practice. He then outlines various purposes that alternative proofs may serve. Each chapter that follows provides a detailed case study of alternative proofs for particular theorems, including the Pythagorean Theorem, the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Desargues’ Theorem, the Prime Number Theorem, and the proof of the irreducibility of cyclotomic polynomials. Why Prove It Again? will appeal to a broad range of readers, including historians and philosophers of mathematics, students, and practicing mathematicians. Additionally, teachers will find it to be a useful source of alternative methods of presenting material to their students.

Perfect Rigor

Author: Masha Gessen
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547427565
Size: 27.22 MB
Format: PDF
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A gripping and tragic tale that sheds rare light on the unique burden of genius In 2006, an eccentric Russian mathematician named Grigori Perelman solved the Poincare Conjecture, an extremely complex topological problem that had eluded the best minds for over a century. A prize of one million dollars was offered to anyone who could unravel it, but Perelman declined the winnings, and in doing so inspired journalist Masha Gessen to tell his story. Drawing on interviews with Perelman’s teachers, classmates, coaches, teammates, and colleagues in Russia and the United States—and informed by her own background as a math whiz raised in Russia—Gessen uncovered a mind of unrivaled computational power, one that enabled Perelman to pursue mathematical concepts to their logical (sometimes distant) end. But she also discovered that this very strength turned out to be Perelman's undoing and the reason for his withdrawal, first from the world of mathematics and then, increasingly, from the world in general.