Bounded Rationality And Policy Diffusion

Author: Kurt Weyland
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400828067
Size: 21.17 MB
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Why do very different countries often emulate the same policy model? Two years after Ronald Reagan's income-tax simplification of 1986, Brazil adopted a similar reform even though it threatened to exacerbate income disparity and jeopardize state revenues. And Chile's pension privatization of the early 1980s has spread throughout Latin America and beyond even though many poor countries that have privatized their social security systems, including Bolivia and El Salvador, lack some of the preconditions necessary to do so successfully. In a major step beyond conventional rational-choice accounts of policy decision-making, this book demonstrates that bounded--not full--rationality drives the spread of innovations across countries. When seeking solutions to domestic problems, decision-makers often consider foreign models, sometimes promoted by development institutions like the World Bank. But, as Kurt Weyland argues, policymakers apply inferential shortcuts at the risk of distortions and biases. Through an in-depth analysis of pension and health reform in Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Peru, Weyland demonstrates that decision-makers are captivated by neat, bold, cognitively available models. And rather than thoroughly assessing the costs and benefits of external models, they draw excessively firm conclusions from limited data and overextrapolate from spurts of success or failure. Indications of initial success can thus trigger an upsurge of policy diffusion.

Poverty Hunger And Food Security In Central America And Panama

Author: Ernesto Espíndola
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211215212
Size: 68.46 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Among the forms of deprivation affecting those living in a state of extreme poverty, the lack of access to food is the most serious problem and that which it is most urgent to eradicate. The questions that this document seeks to address are to what extent the objectives aimed at relieving hunger are being attained and the causes and particular consequences of this phenomenon in the Central American countries.

Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary

Author: Carol Styles Carvajal
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198609779
Size: 71.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Up-to-date coverage of more 170,000 words and phrases, and 240,000 translations, as well as notes on the life and culture of countries of the Spanish-speaking world, are provided in an authoritative, concise dictionary.

Banca

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ISBN:
Size: 27.39 MB
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Cepal Review

Author: United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 75.90 MB
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Conflict And Harmony

Author: Andrew R. Cecil
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN:
Size: 10.58 MB
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Ibero Americana

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Size: 58.60 MB
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Research news and principal acquisitions of documentation on Latin America in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.