Law S Order

Author: David D. Friedman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400823471
Size: 74.94 MB
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What does economics have to do with law? Suppose legislators propose that armed robbers receive life imprisonment. Editorial pages applaud them for getting tough on crime. Constitutional lawyers raise the issue of cruel and unusual punishment. Legal philosophers ponder questions of justness. An economist, on the other hand, observes that making the punishment for armed robbery the same as that for murder encourages muggers to kill their victims. This is the cut-to-the-chase quality that makes economics not only applicable to the interpretation of law, but beneficial to its crafting. Drawing on numerous commonsense examples, in addition to his extensive knowledge of Chicago-school economics, David D. Friedman offers a spirited defense of the economic view of law. He clarifies the relationship between law and economics in clear prose that is friendly to students, lawyers, and lay readers without sacrificing the intellectual heft of the ideas presented. Friedman is the ideal spokesman for an approach to law that is controversial not because it overturns the conclusions of traditional legal scholars--it can be used to advocate a surprising variety of political positions, including both sides of such contentious issues as capital punishment--but rather because it alters the very nature of their arguments. For example, rather than viewing landlord-tenant law as a matter of favoring landlords over tenants or tenants over landlords, an economic analysis makes clear that a bad law injures both groups in the long run. And unlike traditional legal doctrines, economics offers a unified approach, one that applies the same fundamental ideas to understand and evaluate legal rules in contract, property, crime, tort, and every other category of law, whether in modern day America or other times and places--and systems of non-legal rules, such as social norms, as well. This book will undoubtedly raise the discourse on the increasingly important topic of the economics of law, giving both supporters and critics of the economic perspective a place to organize their ideas.

Law And Markets

Author: A. Robson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230354947
Size: 37.44 MB
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Law and Markets examines the interaction between legal rules, market forces and prices. It emphasises the economic effects of legal rules on individual incentives in both market and non-market settings, and draws on cases and materials from a wide variety of legal jurisdictions to illustrate economic principles.

Maritime Piracy And Its Control An Economic Analysis

Author: C. Hallwood
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137461500
Size: 22.81 MB
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Maritime Piracy and its Control develops an economic approach to the problem of modern-day maritime piracy with the goal of assessing the effectiveness of remedies aimed at reducing the incidence of piracy.

Gender Related Legal Reform And Access To Economic Resources In Eastern Africa

Author: Gita Gopal
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821345665
Size: 79.73 MB
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The impetus for change in African legal reform is coming primarily from African women themselves, as they respond to their personal and practical experiences with the law. Top-down imposition of norms has not worked; if legal reform is to lead to sustainable equity for women, the voices of these women must be heard. Given that previous efforts to ensure greater equity in personal laws have not been fully successful in eastern African countries, any new legal initiatives must not repeat the mistakes of the past. Law must not again remain merely on the books as a legitimizing tool that reinforces or supports gender discrimination, but must actively protect and guard the interests of both men and women. This paper attempts to draw out some possible lessons from past experience to inform new efforts at legal reform in these countries. It examines the laws related to allocation of economic resources within households in the broader historical, social, and cultural context in some of these countries, and examines the effectiveness of these laws in challenging gender relationships.

Why Gender Matters In Economics

Author: Mukesh Eswaran
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691121737
Size: 58.87 MB
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Gender matters in economics—for even with today's technology, fertility choices, market opportunities, and improved social norms, economic outcomes for women remain markedly worse than for men. Drawing on insights from feminism, postmodernism, psychology, evolutionary biology, Marxism, and politics, this textbook provides a rigorous economic look at issues confronting women throughout the world—including nonmarket scenarios, such as marriage, family, fertility choice, and bargaining within households, as well as market areas, like those pertaining to labor and credit markets and globalization. Mukesh Eswaran examines how women’s behavioral responses in economic situations and their bargaining power within the household differ from those of men. Eswaran then delves into the far-reaching consequences of these differences in both market and nonmarket domains. The author considers how women may be discriminated against in labor and credit markets, how their family and market circumstances interact, and how globalization has influenced their lives. Eswaran also investigates how women have been empowered through access to education, credit, healthcare, and birth control; changes in ownership laws; the acquisition of suffrage; and political representation. Throughout, Eswaran applies sound economic analysis and new modeling approaches, and each chapter concludes with exercises and discussion questions. This textbook gives readers the necessary tools for thinking about gender from an economic perspective. Addresses economic issues for women throughout the world, in both developed and developing countries Looks at both market and nonmarket domains Requires only a background in basic economic principles Includes the most recent research on the economics of gender in a range of areas Concludes each chapter with exercises and discussion questions

Fulfilling Social And Economic Rights

Author: Sakiko Fukuda-Parr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190226692
Size: 80.84 MB
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One of the most ambitious legacies of the 20th century was the universal commitment to ensure freedom from want as a human right. But to what extent are countries across the world living up to this commitment? This path breaking book develops an innovative, evidence-based index for comparing performance on education, food, health, work and housing across very differently situated countries and over time. It explores the factors influencing performance and provides empirical evidence to resolve some long standing controversies over the principle of "progressive realization". By defying the boundaries of traditional research disciplines, this work fundamentally advances our knowledge about the status of and factors promoting social and economic rights fulfillment at the dawn of the 21st century.

How Does Law Matter

Author: Bryant G. Garth
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 9780810114357
Size: 23.66 MB
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The question of how law matters has long been fundamental to the law and society field. Social science scholarship has repeatedly demonstrated that law matters less, or differently, than those who study only legal doctrine would have us believe. Yet research in this field depends on a belief in the relevance of law, no matter how often gaps are identified. The essays in this collection show how law is relevant in both an instrumental and a constitutive sense, as a tool to accomplish particular purposes and as an important force in shaping the everyday worlds in which we live. Essays examine these issues by focusing on legal consciousness, the body, discrimination, and colonialism as well as on more traditional legal concerns such as juries and criminal justice.

Managerial Economics And Financial Analysis

Author: S. A. Siddiqui
Publisher: New Age International
ISBN: 8122416098
Size: 77.82 MB
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The Present Book Is Not The Revised Version, A Patch Work Of The Old Book. It Is Originally Designed To Meet The Specific Needs Of The New Syllabus Of Jntu For The Students Of B.Tech. In Other Words It Is The Spontaneous Overflow Of Authors Experience With The Syllabus.Generating And Developing Scientific And Logical Approach Towards The Subject, Taking Into Consideration The Level Of Learners. * Discussing The Subject Matter Adequately, Comprehensively And Thoroughly. * Discussing Very Large Number Of Illustrations Concerning Practical Problems In Economics, Accountancy And Financial Analysis. Sufficient Diagrams, Graphs And Flow Charts Are Given To Substantiate The Subject Matter. * Summarising Every Lesson Under The Heading Summarised View Of The Lesson, So That Learners Could Make A Revision At A Glance. * Classifying Assignments As Multiple Choice Questions For On Line Examination, Evaluation At A Glance And Self Assessment Questions. * Mentioning Questions From Previous Managerial Economics And Principles Of Accountancy (Mepa) And Current Managerial Economics And Financial Analysis.

Constitutional Reforms And International Law In Central And Eastern Europe

Author: Rejn Avovič Müllerson
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041105264
Size: 56.21 MB
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The recent developments in central and eastern Europe have changed the political landscape of the world. The dissolution of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, the collapse of Communism in Europe, market reforms, and the processes of democratisation are all seminal events affecting not only the countries in transition but other states as well. All these changes presuppose fundamental legal reforms. In this process most of the countries in transition have adopted new constitutions where issues of participation in the international political order and questions of international law enjoy a prominent place. This book is one outcome of many research activities concerning these transitions in central and eastern Europe at the Centre of European Law, King's College London. It contains essays about constitutional reforms and international law by leading international judges and academics. It is edited by Mads Andenas, Director of the Centre of European Law at King's College London, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Reader in International Law at Queen Mary and Westfield College, London, and Rein Müllerson, Professor in International Law at King's College.