Choice And Morality In Anthropological Perspective

Author: George N. Appell
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791495140
Size: 39.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book explores choice behavior as constrained by culture, biology, and psychoanalytic processes in a variety of ethnographic contexts in Southeast Asia, Oceania, and Africa—the arena in which the controversy between Derek Freeman and anthropologist Margaret Mead’s ideas of culture first developed. It also examines the interface between a nomothetic anthropology and a hermeneutic, idiographic anthropology, raising the critical question as to how ethnographic “knowledge” of another culture is achieved and transmitted to others. Freeman rejects an exclusive reliance on either culture or biology as key to explaining human behavior, proposing instead an interactionist paradigm. Fundamental to this paradigm is choice behavior, which is intrinsic to our biology and basic to the formation of culture: for cultures are the accumulation of socially sanctioned past choices. However, the greater the freedom to choose, the greater the scope for good or bad, and the greater the need for ethics, rules, and laws for defining prohibited alternatives. Choice and Morality investigates these themes. Its authors examine the emergent nature of social reality as a result of choice behavior and illustrate the complexity of Freeman’s theoretical position.

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Johnson, Allan Chester, Paul Robinson Coleman-Norton and Frank Card Bourne. Clyde Pharr, General Editor. Ancient Roman Statutes: A Translation with Introduction, Commentary, Glossary, and Index. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1961. xxxi, 290 pp. 9" x 12." Reprinted 2003 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-291-3. Cloth. $150. * A collection of documents in translation based on a collation of Roman laws collected from the editions of Bruns, Girard and Riccobono. Laws gathered from other secondary sources, such as ancient authors' writings and from modern scholars' editions of inscriptions and of papyri, are also included. This volume is Volume II of The Corpus of Roman Law (Corpus Juris Romani), General Editor, Clyde Pharr. (Volume I: The Theodosian Code is also published in reprint by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.)