Measuring The Initial Impacts On Deforestation Of Mato Grosso S Program For Environmental Control

Author: Kenneth M. Chomitz
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Size: 34.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4942
Download
"Although private forest use in Brazil has been regulated at least since the Forest Code of 1965, cumulative deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon reached 653,000 km2 by 2003 (INPE 2004). Much of this deforestation is illegal. In 1999, the State Foundation of the Environment (FEMA) in Mato Grosso introduced an innovative licensing and enforcement system to increase compliance with land use regulations. If successful, the program would deter deforestation that contravenes those regulations, including deforestation of riverine and hillside forest (permanent preservation areas), and reduction of a property's forest cover below a specified limit (the legal forest reserve requirement). This study seeks to assess whether introduction of the program affected landholder behavior in the desired direction. Simple before/after comparisons are not suitable for this purpose, because there is considerable year to year variation in deforestation due to climatic and economic conditions. Nor is it valid to assess program impacts by comparing licensed and unlicensed landholders, even though the program focused its enforcement efforts on the former. This is because, first, landholders with no intention of deforesting may choose to become licensed; and second, unlicensed landholders may be deterred from deforestation by the mere existence of a serious program that aims for universal licensing. To meet these challenges, the study applies a difference-in-difference approach to geographically explicit data. It looks for, and confirms, post-program declines in deforestation in high-priority enforcement areas relative to other areas; in more easily observed areas relative to less easily observed areas; and in areas of low remaining forest cover (where further deforestation is probably illegal) relative to high remaining forest cover. Thus, even against a backdrop of higher aggregate deforestation (driven in part by higher agricultural prices), there is evidence that the program in its early stages (before 2002) did shift landholder behavior in a direction consistent with reduced illegal deforestation. (The legality of deforestation was not however directly observed). The study hypothesizes that this behavioral change resulted from an initial perception of increased likelihood of the detection and prosecution of illegal deforestation, following announcement of the program. The study does not assess Mato Grosso's new system for environmental regulation (SLAPR) impacts following the change of state administration in 2003. "--World Bank web site.

The Pantanal Of Mato Grosso Brazil

Author: F.D. Por
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401100314
Size: 36.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1188
Download
Until now there has never been a monograph devoted to the Pantanal, the world's largest wetland. The subject has received scant attention in the international literature, so a number of scattered Portuguese papers are reviewed for an English-language readership. The book presents a broad treatment of the Pantanal, ranging from geology to flora, fauna, and the human presence. The publication of this book is most timely, and will be of crucial importance in decisions affecting the ambitious project for a second South American inland Waterway.

Associations In Emergent Communities At The Amazon Forest Frontier Mato Grosso

Author: Noemi Porro
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 1843696088
Size: 42.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2210
Download
A broad arch of deforestation spans the lower Brazilian Amazon, cutting through the State of Mato Grosso. The forceful expansion of soybean plantations led by global markets is displacing family farms or incorporating them into out-growing schemes. Commodity plantations are pushing cattle ranching further into the forests. Logging is also opening up new access at the frontier. As associations endeavor to strengthen the voice of marginalized groups their role and functions continue to evolve. This report analyses eight active associations along the BR 163 highway in Mato Grosso. It assesses the factors that have allowed them to function and spread benefits to the poor. It also identifies the types of external support that have proven useful.

The Terena And The Caduveo Of Southern Mato Grosso Brazil Classic Reprint

Author: Kalervo Oberg
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9780484052221
Size: 72.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1264
Download
Excerpt from The Terena and the Caduveo of Southern Mato Grosso, Brazil The introduction of the horse into the Chaco both altered and accentuated the already existing relationships between the Mbaya and Guana. Quite characteristically the warlike Guaicuru speaking people were the first to adopt the horse. The Mbaya are said to have had the horse by 1672 (azara, 1923, vol. 2, p. To the Mbaya bands the horse gave increased mobility and striking power. The more distant tribes and even the Spanish outposts could now be reached and raided with impunity. The use of iron for making spear heads, knives, and axes added to the power of the individual warrior. With increased military power came increased wealth in war captives, horses, cattle, and other loot. The social distino tions based on birth, military exploits, and wealth became more pronounced. War captives became SO numerous that they could no longer be absorbed and became, in reality, a slave class. The leading chiefs and their relatives adopted a proud and arro gant attitude in keeping with their wealth and prestige and their freedom from the mundane tasks of hunting and fishing. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Rough Guide To Brazil

Author: Oliver Marshall
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1405380209
Size: 77.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 4674
Download
The Rough Guide to Brazil is the essential guide to one of South America's most tantalising destinations. Detailed accounts of the best attractions Brazil has to offer, along with the clearest maps and plans, showcase this amazingly diverse country to aid both your trip planning and on-the-ground experience. With expert advice and background, the section also details the famous Rio carnival, the world's biggest rainforest - the Amazon and the most fantastic wildlife and beaches, whilst the guide itself is full of informative text on the practical and cultural nuances of visiting Brazil, from wildlife safaris in the Pantanal to the concrete architecture of Brasilia. Read about Brazil's football successes and find out more about the Capoeira music and culture that is expanding rapidly in popularity across Europe. At every point, the Rough Guide steers you in the right direction to find the best hotels in Brazil, recommended Brazil restaurants, cafes and shops across every price range, giving you clear, balanced reviews and honest, first-hand opinions. Make the most of your holiday with The Rough Guide to Brazil.