Measuring The Initial Impacts On Deforestation Of Mato Grosso S Program For Environmental Control

Author: Kenneth M. Chomitz
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Size: 65.91 MB
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"Although private forest use in Brazil has been regulated at least since the Forest Code of 1965, cumulative deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon reached 653,000 km2 by 2003 (INPE 2004). Much of this deforestation is illegal. In 1999, the State Foundation of the Environment (FEMA) in Mato Grosso introduced an innovative licensing and enforcement system to increase compliance with land use regulations. If successful, the program would deter deforestation that contravenes those regulations, including deforestation of riverine and hillside forest (permanent preservation areas), and reduction of a property's forest cover below a specified limit (the legal forest reserve requirement). This study seeks to assess whether introduction of the program affected landholder behavior in the desired direction. Simple before/after comparisons are not suitable for this purpose, because there is considerable year to year variation in deforestation due to climatic and economic conditions. Nor is it valid to assess program impacts by comparing licensed and unlicensed landholders, even though the program focused its enforcement efforts on the former. This is because, first, landholders with no intention of deforesting may choose to become licensed; and second, unlicensed landholders may be deterred from deforestation by the mere existence of a serious program that aims for universal licensing. To meet these challenges, the study applies a difference-in-difference approach to geographically explicit data. It looks for, and confirms, post-program declines in deforestation in high-priority enforcement areas relative to other areas; in more easily observed areas relative to less easily observed areas; and in areas of low remaining forest cover (where further deforestation is probably illegal) relative to high remaining forest cover. Thus, even against a backdrop of higher aggregate deforestation (driven in part by higher agricultural prices), there is evidence that the program in its early stages (before 2002) did shift landholder behavior in a direction consistent with reduced illegal deforestation. (The legality of deforestation was not however directly observed). The study hypothesizes that this behavioral change resulted from an initial perception of increased likelihood of the detection and prosecution of illegal deforestation, following announcement of the program. The study does not assess Mato Grosso's new system for environmental regulation (SLAPR) impacts following the change of state administration in 2003. "--World Bank web site.

The Pantanal Of Mato Grosso Brazil

Author: F.D. Por
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401100314
Size: 38.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 7296
Until now there has never been a monograph devoted to the Pantanal, the world's largest wetland. The subject has received scant attention in the international literature, so a number of scattered Portuguese papers are reviewed for an English-language readership. The book presents a broad treatment of the Pantanal, ranging from geology to flora, fauna, and the human presence. The publication of this book is most timely, and will be of crucial importance in decisions affecting the ambitious project for a second South American inland Waterway.

Associations In Emergent Communities At The Amazon Forest Frontier Mato Grosso

Author: Noemi Porro
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 1843696088
Size: 59.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6167
A broad arch of deforestation spans the lower Brazilian Amazon, cutting through the State of Mato Grosso. The forceful expansion of soybean plantations led by global markets is displacing family farms or incorporating them into out-growing schemes. Commodity plantations are pushing cattle ranching further into the forests. Logging is also opening up new access at the frontier. As associations endeavor to strengthen the voice of marginalized groups their role and functions continue to evolve. This report analyses eight active associations along the BR 163 highway in Mato Grosso. It assesses the factors that have allowed them to function and spread benefits to the poor. It also identifies the types of external support that have proven useful.

Geografia De Mato Grosso

ISBN: 9788587226938
Size: 42.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Este apostilado apresenta uma seleção de conteúdo para o concurso público do Governo do Estado de Mato Grosso, extraído do livro de referência 'Geografia de Mato Grosso', com a participação de 11 autores. O livro apresenta uma forma didática quanto ao processo de produção do território mato-grossense, com o suporte de uma grande equipe de autores. Como uma ampla radiografia, mostra as dimensões socioambientais do território, suas contradições, potencialidades e paradoxos.

Jaguar Hunting In The Mato Grosso And Bolivia

Author: Tony de Almeida
Size: 71.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1689
In this book you will encounter the king of the jungle, the jaguar, in his domain. Told by South America's most successful guide.

The Mato Grosso

Author: E. T Watson
Publisher: America Star Books
ISBN: 9781448918966
Size: 53.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 762
Professor Morgan Whitman of the University of Indiana and five others went into the southern region of the aMato Grossoa a very remote and mysterious area of Brazil to explore the unknown looking for tombs and artifacts of the past. They encounter Indians, unknown creatures and the elements of the jungle.