Learning Language And Culture Via Public Internet Discussion Forums

Author: B. Hanna
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230235824
Size: 13.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Public Internet discussion forums offer opportunities for intercultural interaction in many languages on a vast range of topics, but are often overlooked by language educators in favour of purpose-built exchanges between learners. The book investigates this untapped pedagogical potential.

The State And Nation Building Processes In Kenya Since Independence

Author: Mwangi, Susan Waiyego
Publisher: Langaa RPCIG
ISBN: 9956550345
Size: 39.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Kenya’s nationalism during the colonial period was marked by two main characteristics that feature in this book. First, the struggle for independence that was mainly characterized by the claim for land that had been taken away by the colonizers. Second was the struggle for autonomy and self-determination, mainly through political resistance. The authors in this book analyse historical trajectories of Kenya's nationalism trends while highlighting the role of political leaders, large as well as small ethnic groups, perennial conflicts, community as well as religious leaders, among others. The discussions demonstrate that quest for a national identity that is inclusive at all levels – whether politically, economically, religiously and ethnically – has marked Kenya's struggle for nationalism, sometimes leading to violence, especially during election periods, national unity through political coalitions and reconciliation, as well as institutional reforms. In conclusion, the authors demonstrate that while Kenya is gradually advancing towards national cohesion, there are still many challenges yet to be surmounted.

T L Phonie Sip Concepts Usages Et Programmation En Java

Author: MEDDAHI Ahmed
Publisher: Lavoisier
ISBN: 2746289016
Size: 63.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Le protocole SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) est la technologie-clé pour le transport et la fourniture de services télécoms, en particulier pour les services en plein essor de téléphonie sur IP. Cet ouvrage présente les concepts du protocole et de l'architecture SIP mais aussi ses limites et les contraintes associées à leurs déploiements. Les méthodes et les mécanismes SIP sont détaillés à travers différents scénarios d'usage. Les aspects liés à la qualité de service et à la sécurité sont également présentés en détail ainsi que l'exploitation du protocole SIP pour des services évolués. Les principales technologies logicielles pour exploiter, avec un niveau d'abstraction élevé, les mécanismes SIP en Java sont également analysées et illustrées par deux études de cas. Téléphonie SIP s'adresse aux ingénieurs, élèves ingénieurs et tous les professionnels évoluant dans les milieux des réseaux et des télécommunications.