Molecular And Laser Spectroscopy

Author: V.P. Gupta
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012849882X
Size: 59.11 MB
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Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy: Advances and Applications provides students and researchers with an up-to-date understanding of the fast-developing area of molecular and laser spectroscopy. Editor V.P. Gupta has brought together the eminent scientists on a selection of topics to develop a systematic approach, first covering basic principles needed to understand each cutting-edge technique and application. This book acts as a standard reference for advanced students of molecular and laser spectroscopy and as a graduate text for new entrants in the field. The book covers a wide range of applications of molecular and laser spectroscopy in diverse areas ranging from materials to medicine and defence, biomedical research, environmental monitoring, forensic investigations, food and agriculture, and chemical, pharmaceutical and petrochemical processes. Researchers and scientific personnel in these fields will learn the latest techniques in order to put them to practical use in their work. Covers several areas of spectroscopy research in a single volume, saving researchers time Includes exhaustive lists of research articles, reviews and books at the end of each chapter to point readers in the right direction for further learning Features illustrative examples of the varied applications Serves as a practical guide to those interested in using molecular and laser spectroscopy tools in their research and field applications

Laser Spectroscopy For Sensing

Author: Matthieu Baudelet
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709873X
Size: 63.72 MB
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Laser spectroscopy is a valuable tool for sensing and chemical analysis. Developments in lasers, detectors and mathematical analytical tools have led to improvements in the sensitivity and selectivity of spectroscopic techniques and extended their fields of application. Laser Spectroscopy for Sensing examines these advances and how laser spectroscopy can be used in a diverse range of industrial, medical, and environmental applications. Part one reviews basic concepts of atomic and molecular processes and presents the fundamentals of laser technology for controlling the spectral and temporal aspects of laser excitation. In addition, it explains the selectivity, sensitivity, and stability of the measurements, the construction of databases, and the automation of data analysis by machine learning. Part two explores laser spectroscopy techniques, including cavity-based absorption spectroscopy and the use of photo-acoustic spectroscopy to acquire absorption spectra of gases and condensed media. These chapters discuss imaging methods using laser-induced fluorescence and phosphorescence spectroscopies before focusing on light detection and ranging, photothermal spectroscopy and terahertz spectroscopy. Part three covers a variety of applications of these techniques, particularly the detection of chemical, biological, and explosive threats, as well as their use in medicine and forensic science. Finally, the book examines spectroscopic analysis of industrial materials and their applications in nuclear research and industry. The text provides readers with a broad overview of the techniques and applications of laser spectroscopy for sensing. It is of great interest to laser scientists and engineers, as well as professionals using lasers for medical applications, environmental applications, military applications, and material processing. Presents the fundamentals of laser technology for controlling the spectral and temporal aspects of laser excitation Explores laser spectroscopy techniques, including cavity-based absorption spectroscopy and the use of photo-acoustic spectroscopy to acquire absorption spectra of gases and condensed media Considers spectroscopic analysis of industrial materials and their applications in nuclear research and industry

Laser Spectroscopy And Its Applications

Author: Richard W. Solarz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824775254
Size: 45.74 MB
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Bringing together scattered literature from a range of sources, Laser Spectroscopy and Its Applications clearly elucidates the tools and concepts of this dynamic area, and provides extensive bibliographies for further study. Distinguished experts in their respective fields discuss resonance photoionization, laser absorption, laser-induced breakdown, photodissociation, Raman scattering, remote sensing, and laser-induced fluorescence. The book also incorporates an overview of the semiclassical theory of atomic and molecular spectra. Combining background at an intermediate level with an in-depth discussion of specific techniques, Laser Spectroscopy and Its Applications is essential reading for laser and optical scientists and engineers; analytical chemists; health physicists; researchers in optical, chemical, pharmaceutical, and metallurgical industries. It will also prove useful for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of laser spectroscopy and its applications, and in-house seminars and short courses offered by firms and professional societies. Book jacket.

Laser Spectroscopy

Author: Wolfgang Demtröder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662051559
Size: 79.20 MB
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Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., frequency doubling in external cavities, reliable cw-parametric oscillators, tunable narrow-band UV sources, more sensitive detection techniques, tunable femtosecond and sub-femtosecond lasers (X-ray region and the attosecond range), control of atomic and molecular excitations, frequency combs able to synchronize independent femtosecond lasers, coherent matter waves, and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.

Atomic And Molecular Spectroscopy

Author: Sune Svanberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642185207
Size: 11.78 MB
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A wide-ranging review of modern spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray, photoelectron, optical and laser spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. On the fundamental side the book focuses on physical principles and the impact of spectroscopy on our understanding of the building blocks of matter, while in the area of applications particular attention is given to those in chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophyscis. The Fourth Edition also provides the reader with an update on laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation, ultra-fast spectroscopy, high-power laser/matter interaction, satellite-based astronomy and spectroscopic aspects of laser medicine.

Lasers

Author: Hans Joachim Eichler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319998951
Size: 51.80 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of laser sources and their applications in various fields of science, industry, and technology. After an introduction to the basics of laser physics, different laser types and materials for lasers are summarized in the context of a historical survey, outlining the evolution of the laser over the past five decades. This includes, amongst other aspects, gas lasers, excimer lasers, the wide range of solid-state and semiconductor lasers, and femtosecond and other pulsed lasers where particular attention is paid to high-power sources. Subsequent chapters address related topics such as laser modulation and nonlinear frequency conversion. In closing, the enormous importance of the laser is demonstrated by highlighting its current applications in everyday life and its potential for future developments. Typical applications in advanced material processing, medicine and biophotonics as well as plasma and X-ray generation for nanoscale lithography are discussed. The book provides broad and topical coverage of laser photonics and opto-electronics, focusing on significant findings and recent advances rather than in-depth theoretical studies. Thus, it is intended not only for university students and engineers, but also for scientists and professionals applying lasers in biomedicine, material processing and everyday consumer products. Further, it represents essential reading for engineers using or developing high-power lasers for scientific or industrial applications.

Advances In Spectroscopy For Lasers And Sensing

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402047894
Size: 35.85 MB
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This volume presents the Proceedings of "New Development in Optics and Related Fields," held in Italy in June, 2005. This meeting was organized by the International School of Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy of the "Ettore Majorana" Center for Scientific Culture. The purpose of this Institute was to provide a comprehensive and coherent treatment of the new techniques and contemporary developments in optics and related fields.

Mid Infrared Coherent Sources And Applications

Author: Majid Ebrahim-Zadeh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140206439X
Size: 75.57 MB
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This volume represents a collection of authoritative reviews by internationally recognized experts in the field of middle infrared (mid-IR) coherent sources and their applications. The compilation describes the fundamental principles and state-of-the-art of practical solid-state sources in the mid-IR regions of the spectrum covering the 2-50 µm range. The described sources include, along with more traditional heterojunction semiconductor lasers, optical parametric oscillators, difference frequency generators, as well as the most recently developed broadband crystalline, quantum cascade and fiber lasers. The rapid advances in mid-IR science and technology have made these sources indispensable tools for a variety of applications in environmental monitoring and pollution control, agriculture and life sciences, and non-invasive disease diagnosis through breath analysis. Coherent mid-IR sources also offer important technologies for atmospheric chemistry, free-space communication, imaging, rapid detection of explosives, chemical and biological agents, narcotics, as well as for applications in air- and sea-borne security. In comparison to the previous volume on this subject in 2003, which focused mainly on the design and development of mid-IR sources, the emphasis in the present volume is shifted towards applications. The instructive nature of the book makes it an excellent text for practicing engineers, physicists and graduate students, who intend to develop or use mid-IR laser sources in various applications.

Nano Optics For Enhancing Light Matter Interactions On A Molecular Scale

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400753136
Size: 45.10 MB
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This volume presents a considerable number of interrelated contributions dealing with the new scientific ability to shape and control matter and electromagnetic fields on a sub-wavelength scale. The topics range from the fundamental ones, such as photonic metamateriials, plasmonics and sub-wavelength resolution to the more applicative, such as detection of single molecules, tomography on a micro-chip, fluorescence spectroscopy of biological systems, coherent control of biomolecules, biosensing of single proteins, terahertz spectroscopy of nanoparticles, rare earth ion-doped nanoparticles, random lasing, and nanocoax array architecture. The various subjects bridge over the disciplines of physics, biology and chemistry, making this volume of interest to people working in these fields. The emphasis is on the principles behind each technique and on examining the full potential of each technique. The contributions that appear in this volume were presented at a NATO Advanced Study Institute that was held in Erice, Italy, 3-18 July, 2011. The pedagogical aspect of the Institute is reflected in the topics presented in this volume.