Neural Network Methods In Natural Language Processing

Author: Yoav Goldberg
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 162705295X
Size: 80.61 MB
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Neural networks are a family of powerful machine learning models. This book focuses on the application of neural network models to natural language data. The first half of the book (Parts I and II) covers the basics of supervised machine learning and feed-forward neural networks, the basics of working with machine learning over language data, and the use of vector-based rather than symbolic representations for words. It also covers the computation-graph abstraction, which allows to easily define and train arbitrary neural networks, and is the basis behind the design of contemporary neural network software libraries. The second part of the book (Parts III and IV) introduces more specialized neural network architectures, including 1D convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks, conditioned-generation models, and attention-based models. These architectures and techniques are the driving force behind state-of-the-art algorithms for machine translation, syntactic parsing, and many other applications. Finally, we also discuss tree-shaped networks, structured prediction, and the prospects of multi-task learning.

Deep Learning For Nlp And Speech Recognition

Author: Uday Kamath
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030145964
Size: 12.29 MB
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With the widespread adoption of deep learning, natural language processing (NLP),and speech applications in many areas (including Finance, Healthcare, and Government) there is a growing need for one comprehensive resource that maps deep learning techniques to NLP and speech and provides insights into using the tools and libraries for real-world applications. Deep Learning for NLP and Speech Recognition explains recent deep learning methods applicable to NLP and speech, provides state-of-the-art approaches, and offers real-world case studies with code to provide hands-on experience. The book is organized into three parts, aligning to different groups of readers and their expertise. The three parts are: Machine Learning, NLP, and Speech Introduction The first part has three chapters that introduce readers to the fields of NLP, speech recognition, deep learning and machine learning with basic theory and hands-on case studies using Python-based tools and libraries. Deep Learning Basics The five chapters in the second part introduce deep learning and various topics that are crucial for speech and text processing, including word embeddings, convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks and speech recognition basics. Theory, practical tips, state-of-the-art methods, experimentations and analysis in using the methods discussed in theory on real-world tasks. Advanced Deep Learning Techniques for Text and Speech The third part has five chapters that discuss the latest and cutting-edge research in the areas of deep learning that intersect with NLP and speech. Topics including attention mechanisms, memory augmented networks, transfer learning, multi-task learning, domain adaptation, reinforcement learning, and end-to-end deep learning for speech recognition are covered using case studies.

Introduction To Natural Language Processing

Author: Jacob Eisenstein
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 0262042843
Size: 29.10 MB
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"The book provides a technical perspective on the most contemporary data-driven approaches, focusing on techniques from supervised and unsupervised machine learning. It also includes background in the salient linguistic issues, as well as computational representations and algorithms. The first section of the book explores what can be with individual words. The second section concerns structured representations such as sequences, trees, and graphs. The third section highlights different approaches to the representation and analysis of linguistic meaning. The final section describes three of the most transformative applications of natural language processing: information extraction, machine translation, and text generation. The book describes the technical foundations of the field, including the most relevant machine learning techniques, algorithms, and linguistic representations. From these foundations, it extends to contemporary research in areas such as deep learning. Each chapter contains exercises that include paper-and-pencil analysis of the computational algorithms and linguistic issues, as well as software implementations"--

Bayesian Analysis In Natural Language Processing

Author: Shay Cohen
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 168173527X
Size: 58.69 MB
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Natural language processing (NLP) went through a profound transformation in the mid-1980s when it shifted to make heavy use of corpora and data-driven techniques to analyze language. Since then, the use of statistical techniques in NLP has evolved in several ways. One such example of evolution took place in the late 1990s or early 2000s, when full-fledged Bayesian machinery was introduced to NLP. This Bayesian approach to NLP has come to accommodate various shortcomings in the frequentist approach and to enrich it, especially in the unsupervised setting, where statistical learning is done without target prediction examples. In this book, we cover the methods and algorithms that are needed to fluently read Bayesian learning papers in NLP and to do research in the area. These methods and algorithms are partially borrowed from both machine learning and statistics and are partially developed "in-house" in NLP. We cover inference techniques such as Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling and variational inference, Bayesian estimation, and nonparametric modeling. In response to rapid changes in the field, this second edition of the book includes a new chapter on representation learning and neural networks in the Bayesian context. We also cover fundamental concepts in Bayesian statistics such as prior distributions, conjugacy, and generative modeling. Finally, we review some of the fundamental modeling techniques in NLP, such as grammar modeling, neural networks and representation learning, and their use with Bayesian analysis.

Learning To Rank For Information Retrieval And Natural Language Processing

Author: Hang Li
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1627055851
Size: 67.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Learning to rank refers to machine learning techniques for training a model in a ranking task. Learning to rank is useful for many applications in information retrieval, natural language processing, and data mining. Intensive studies have been conducted on its problems recently, and significant progress has been made. This lecture gives an introduction to the area including the fundamental problems, major approaches, theories, applications, and future work. The author begins by showing that various ranking problems in information retrieval and natural language processing can be formalized as two basic ranking tasks, namely ranking creation (or simply ranking) and ranking aggregation. In ranking creation, given a request, one wants to generate a ranking list of offerings based on the features derived from the request and the offerings. In ranking aggregation, given a request, as well as a number of ranking lists of offerings, one wants to generate a new ranking list of the offerings. Ranking creation (or ranking) is the major problem in learning to rank. It is usually formalized as a supervised learning task. The author gives detailed explanations on learning for ranking creation and ranking aggregation, including training and testing, evaluation, feature creation, and major approaches. Many methods have been proposed for ranking creation. The methods can be categorized as the pointwise, pairwise, and listwise approaches according to the loss functions they employ. They can also be categorized according to the techniques they employ, such as the SVM based, Boosting based, and Neural Network based approaches. The author also introduces some popular learning to rank methods in details. These include: PRank, OC SVM, McRank, Ranking SVM, IR SVM, GBRank, RankNet, ListNet & ListMLE, AdaRank, SVM MAP, SoftRank, LambdaRank, LambdaMART, Borda Count, Markov Chain, and CRanking. The author explains several example applications of learning to rank including web search, collaborative filtering, definition search, keyphrase extraction, query dependent summarization, and re-ranking in machine translation. A formulation of learning for ranking creation is given in the statistical learning framework. Ongoing and future research directions for learning to rank are also discussed. Table of Contents: Learning to Rank / Learning for Ranking Creation / Learning for Ranking Aggregation / Methods of Learning to Rank / Applications of Learning to Rank / Theory of Learning to Rank / Ongoing and Future Work

Design Thinking Live

Author: Christoph Meinel
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783867744270
Size: 43.70 MB
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Beiträger aus Forschung, Lehre und Wirtschaft (darunter Jochen Gürtler, SAP; Martin Wegner, DHL; Julia Leihener, Telekom Creation Center) berichten über ihre Erfahrungen oder besser ihre Erlebnisse mit Design Thinking. Sie machen anschaulich, dass und wie Problemlösung, Ideenfindung und 'sechte ́ Innovation im interdisziplinär, experimentell und vor allem nutzerorientiert angelegten Rahmen besser und erfolgreicher möglich sind als in herkömmlichen Innovationsprozessen. Für sie alle steht Design Thinking für eine Denkweise, eine Art, die Welt zu sehen, in deren Zentrum unbedingt der Mensch steht-als Kunde, als Nutzer, als Lernender-, auf den sich alle Entwicklungs-und Innovationsarbeit beziehen soll. Sie wollen vermitteln, wie Design Thinking sich 'sanfühlt ́, welche Wirkungen, bis hinein in den persönlichen Alltag, sich ergeben, wie sich eine neue Form der Aufmerksamkeit und Achtsamkeit, eine Haltung des vernetzten Denkens einstellt und schließlich-auf Unternehmensebene-eine neue Arbeitskultur entstehen kann.

Advances In Artificial Intelligence Iberamia 2018

Author: Guillermo R. Simari
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030039285
Size: 14.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th Ibero-American Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IBERAMIA 2018, held in Trujillo, Peru,in November 2018. The 41 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 92 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: Knowledge Engineering, Knowledge Representation and Reasoning under Uncertainty., Multiagent Systems., Game Theory and Economic Paradigms, Game Playing and Interactive Entertainment, Ambient Intelligence, Machine Learning Methods, Cognitive Modeling,General AI, Knowledge Engineering, Computational Sustainability and AI, Heuristic Search and Optimization and much more.

Statistical Language And Speech Processing

Author: Adrian-Horia Dediu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319257897
Size: 18.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Statistical Language and Speech Processing, SLSP 2015, held in Budapest, Hungary, in November 2015. The 26 full papers presented together with two invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 71 submissions. The papers cover topics such as: anaphora and coreference resolution; authorship identification, plagiarism and spam filtering; computer-aided translation; corpora and language resources; data mining and semantic Web; information extraction; information retrieval; knowledge representation and ontologies; lexicons and dictionaries; machine translation; multimodal technologies; natural language understanding; neural representation of speech and language; opinion mining and sentiment analysis; parsing; part-of-speech tagging; question-answering systems; semantic role labelling; speaker identification and verification; speech and language generation; speech recognition; speech synthesis; speech transcription; spelling correction; spoken dialogue systems; term extraction; text categorisation; text summarisation; and user modeling.

Intelligent Signal Processing

Author: Simon Haykin
Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press
ISBN: 9780780360105
Size: 68.72 MB
Format: PDF
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"IEEE Press is proud to present the first selected reprint volume devoted to the new field of intelligent signal processing (ISP). ISP differs fundamentally from the classical approach to statistical signal processing in that the input-output behavior of a complex system is modeled by using "intelligent" or "model-free" techniques, rather than relying on the shortcomings of a mathematical model. Information is extracted from incoming signal and noise data, making few assumptions about the statistical structure of signals and their environment. Intelligent Signal Processing explores how ISP tools address the problems of practical neural systems, new signal data, and blind fuzzy approximators. The editors have compiled 20 articles written by prominent researchers covering 15 diverse, practical applications of this nascent topic, exposing the reader to the signal processing power of learning and adaptive systems. This essential reference is intended for researchers, professional engineers, and scientists working in statistical signal processing and its applications in various fields such as humanistic intelligence, stochastic resonance, financial markets, optimization, pattern recognition, signal detection, speech processing, and sensor fusion. Intelligent Signal Processing is also invaluable for graduate students and academics with a background in computer science, computer engineering, or electrical engineering. About the Editors Simon Haykin is the founding director of the Communications Research Laboratory at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, where he serves as university professor. His research interests include nonlinear dynamics, neural networks and adaptive filters and their applications in radar and communications systems. Dr. Haykin is the editor for a series of books on "Adaptive and Learning Systems for Signal Processing, Communications and Control" (Publisher) and is both an IEEE Fellow and Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Bart Kosko is a past director of the University of Southern California's (USC) Signal and Image Processing Institute. He has authored several books, including Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems, Neural Networks for Signal Processing (Publisher, copyright date) and Fuzzy Thinking (Publisher, copyright date), as well as the novel Nanotime (Publisher, copyright date). Dr. Kosko is an elected governor of the International Neural Network Society and has chaired many neural and fuzzy system conferences. Currently, he is associate professor of electrical engineering at USC."