Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos

With Applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry, and Engineering

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos

This textbook is aimed at newcomers to nonlinear dynamics and chaos, especially students taking a first course in the subject. The presentation stresses analytical methods, concrete examples, and geometric intuition. The theory is developed systematically, starting with first-order differential equations and their bifurcations, followed by phase plane analysis, limit cycles and their bifurcations, and culminating with the Lorenz equations, chaos, iterated maps, period doubling, renormalization, fractals, and strange attractors. A unique feature of the book is its emphasis on applications. These include mechanical vibrations, lasers, biological rhythms, superconducting circuits, insect outbreaks, chemical oscillators, genetic control systems, chaotic waterwheels, and even a technique for using chaos to send secret messages. In each case, the scientific background is explained at an elementary level and closely integrated with mathematical theory. In the twenty years since the first edition of this book appeared, the ideas and techniques of nonlinear dynamics and chaos have found application to such exciting new fields as systems biology, evolutionary game theory, and sociophysics. This second edition includes new exercises on these cutting-edge developments, on topics as varied as the curiosities of visual perception and the tumultuous love dynamics in Gone With the Wind.

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos

With Applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry, and Engineering

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos

This textbook is aimed at newcomers to nonlinear dynamics and chaos, especially students taking a first course in the subject. The presentation stresses analytical methods, concrete examples, and geometric intuition. The theory is developed systematically, starting with first-order differential equations and their bifurcations, followed by phase plane analysis, limit cycles and their bifurcations, and culminating with the Lorenz equations, chaos, iterated maps, period doubling, renormalization, fractals, and strange attractors. A unique feature of the book is its emphasis on applications. These include mechanical vibrations, lasers, biological rhythms, superconducting circuits, insect outbreaks, chemical oscillators, genetic control systems, chaotic waterwheels, and even a technique for using chaos to send secret messages. In each case, the scientific background is explained at an elementary level and closely integrated with mathematical theory. In the twenty years since the first edition of this book appeared, the ideas and techniques of nonlinear dynamics and chaos have found application to such exciting new fields as systems biology, evolutionary game theory, and sociophysics. This second edition includes new exercises on these cutting-edge developments, on topics as varied as the curiosities of visual perception and the tumultuous love dynamics in Gone With the Wind.

Symmetry in Graph Theory

Symmetry in Graph Theory

This book contains the successful invited submissions to a Special Issue of Symmetry on the subject of “Graph Theory”. Although symmetry has always played an important role in Graph Theory, in recent years, this role has increased significantly in several branches of this field, including but not limited to Gromov hyperbolic graphs, the metric dimension of graphs, domination theory, and topological indices. This Special Issue includes contributions addressing new results on these topics, both from a theoretical and an applied point of view.

System Identification, Environmental Modelling, and Control System Design

System Identification, Environmental Modelling, and Control System Design

This book is dedicated to Prof. Peter Young on his 70th birthday. Professor Young has been a pioneer in systems and control, and over the past 45 years he has influenced many developments in this field. This volume comprises a collection of contributions by leading experts in system identification, time-series analysis, environmetric modelling and control system design – modern research in topics that reflect important areas of interest in Professor Young’s research career. Recent theoretical developments in and relevant applications of these areas are explored treating the various subjects broadly and in depth. The authoritative and up-to-date research presented here will be of interest to academic researcher in control and disciplines related to environmental research, particularly those to with water systems. The tutorial style in which many of the contributions are composed also makes the book suitable as a source of study material for graduate students in those areas.

Dynamics On and Of Complex Networks III

Machine Learning and Statistical Physics Approaches

Dynamics On and Of Complex Networks III

This book bridges the gap between advances in the communities of computer science and physics--namely machine learning and statistical physics. It contains diverse but relevant topics in statistical physics, complex systems, network theory, and machine learning. Examples of such topics are: predicting missing links, higher-order generative modeling of networks, inferring network structure by tracking the evolution and dynamics of digital traces, recommender systems, and diffusion processes. The book contains extended versions of high-quality submissions received at the workshop, Dynamics On and Of Complex Networks (doocn.org), together with new invited contributions. The chapters will benefit a diverse community of researchers. The book is suitable for graduate students, postdoctoral researchers and professors of various disciplines including sociology, physics, mathematics, and computer science.

Linear and Non-linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors

The Design of Real-Time Stability Monitors

Linear and Non-linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors

Linear and Non-Linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors: The Design of Real-Time Stability Monitors presents a thorough analysis of the most innovative BWR reactors and stability phenomena in one accessible resource. The book presents a summary of existing literature on BWRs to give early career engineers and researchers a solid background in the field, as well as the latest research on stability phenomena (propagation phenomena in BWRs), nuclear power monitors, and advanced computer systems used to for the prediction of stability. It also emphasizes the importance of BWR technology and embedded neutron monitoring systems (APRMs and LPRMs), and introduces non-linear stability parameters that can be used for the onset detection of instabilities in BWRs. Additionally, the book details the scope, advantages, and disadvantages of multiple advanced linear and non linear signal processing methods, and includes analytical case studies of existing plants. This combination makes Linear and Non-Linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors a valuable resource for nuclear engineering students focusing on linear and non-linear analysis, as well as for those working and researching in a nuclear power capacity looking to implement stability methods and estimate decay ratios using non-linear techniques. Explores the nuclear stability of Boiling Water Reactors based on linear and non-linear models Evaluates linear signal processing methods such as autoregressive models, Fourier-based methods, and wavelets to calculate decay ratios Proposes novel non-linear signal analysis techniques linked to non-linear stability indicators Includes case studies of various existing nuclear power plants as well as mathematical models and simulations

Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 1

Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016

Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 1

Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 1. Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Dynamics of Multiphysical Systems: From Active Materials to Vibroacoustics, 2016, the fi rst volume of ten from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. Th e collection presents early fi ndings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Structural Dynamics, including papers on: • Nonlinear Oscillations • Nonlinear Modal Analysis • Nonlinear System Identifi cation • Nonlinear Modeling & Simulation • Nonlinearity in Practice • Nonlinearity in Multi-Physics Systems • Nonlinear Modes and Modal Interactions

Differential Dynamical Systems

Differential Dynamical Systems

Differential equations are the basis for models of any physical systems that exhibit smooth change. This book combines much of the material found in a traditional course on ordinary differential equations with an introduction to the more modern theory of dynamical systems. Applications of this theory to physics, biology, chemistry, and engineering are shown through examples in such areas as population modeling, fluid dynamics, electronics, and mechanics.Differential Dynamical Systems begins with coverage of linear systems, including matrix algebra; the focus then shifts to foundational material on nonlinear differential equations, making heavy use of the contraction-mapping theorem. Subsequent chapters deal specifically with dynamical systems conceptsflow, stability, invariant manifolds, the phase plane, bifurcation, chaos, and Hamiltonian dynamics. Throughout the book, the author includes exercises to help students develop an analytical and geometrical understanding of dynamics. Many of the exercises and examples are based on applications and some involve computation; an appendix offers simple codes written in Maple, Mathematica, and MATLAB software to give students practice with computation applied to dynamical systems problems. Audience This textbook is intended for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students in pure and applied mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences. Readers should be comfortable with elementary differential equations and linear algebra and should have had exposure to advanced calculus. Contents List of Figures; Preface; Acknowledgments; Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Linear Systems; Chapter 3: Existence and Uniqueness; Chapter 4: Dynamical Systems; Chapter 5: Invariant Manifolds; Chapter 6: The Phase Plane; Chapter 7: Chaotic Dynamics; Chapter 8: Bifurcation Theory; Chapter 9: Hamiltonian Dynamics; Appendix: Mathematical Software; Bibliography; Index

Chaos and Its Reconstruction

Chaos and Its Reconstruction

The editors (of the Universite et Institut National des Sciences Appliquees de Rouen, France) present six chapters exploring the application of chaos theory to such topics as the topological characterisation of attractors and the reconstruction of equations of motion from data. Specific topics include the development of a method of modelling called NARMAX (non-linear autoregressive moving average models with exogenous outputs), a summary of the work of the Centre of Applied Dynamics and Optimisation at the U. of Western Australia), time delayed feedback systems, and global modelling applications to biological data and secure communication.