The Making Of The Common In Social Relations

Author: José Manuel Resende
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443886645
Size: 57.65 MB
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This book originates from a basic, yet innovative question: in which forms of qualification and justification do social actors support themselves to engage in common actions? This inquiry brings to the field of sociological and anthropological analysis the need to take into account socially accepted forms of qualifications of common action and the ways by which they are brought to social situations, and, simultaneously, the need to understand the processes of elaboration of justifications which may demonstrate to social actors that acting in common is worthwhile. As such, this volume analyses the processes by which social actors qualify and communalize certain aspects of their life and also produce justifications that give sense to the ways and means of actions thus brought to the stage of social life. The book will appeal to the wider academic public, namely scholars and post-graduate students, in the areas of sociology and anthropology, and, furthermore, to all professionals in the field of social sciences, throughout the world. In addition, given its treatment of these domains, the volume will also be of interest to professionals in areas such as health, education, and urban planning.

Imagining Brazil

Author: Jessé Souza
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739110140
Size: 30.95 MB
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Imagining Brazil provides a comprehensive and multifaceted picture of Brazil in the age of globalization. Privileging diversity in relation to the authors as well as the manner in which Brazil is perceived, JessZ Souza and Valter Sinder have assembled historians, political scientists, sociologists, literary critics, and scholars of culture in an attempt to understand a complex society in all its richness and diversity. Rising from one of the worldOs poorest societies in the 1930s to the eighth largest world economy in the 1980s, Brazil is used as an example of globalizationOs impact on peripheral societies, exploring in new contexts the serious social problems that have always characterized this society. Imagining Brazil explores the connections between society and politics and culture and literature, creating an encompassing volume of interest to scholars of Latin American studies as well as those interested in how globalization impacts the varied aspects of a country.

Consumer Culture In Latin America

Author: J. Sinclair
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137116862
Size: 42.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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How can we understand consumption in a region known for its cultural richness and vast inequalities? What do Latin Americans consume, and why? Examining topics from tango and samba to sex workers in Costa Rica, from eating tamales to selling ice in the Andes, and from building and moving houses to buying cell phones, this collection brings together original research on some of the many forms of consumption and consumers that contribute to Latin American cultures and histories. Contributors include sociologists, anthropologists, media and cultural studies scholars, geographers and historians, showcasing diverse approaches to understanding Latin American consumption practices and consumer culture.

Becoming Brazilian

Author: Marshall C. Eakin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107175763
Size: 55.18 MB
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This book traces the rise and decline of Gilberto Freyre's vision of racial and cultural mixture (mestiçagem - or race mixing) as the defining feature of Brazilian culture in the twentieth century. Eakin traces how mestiçagem moved from a conversation among a small group of intellectuals to become the dominant feature of Brazilian national identity, demonstrating how diverse Brazilians embraced mestiçagem, via popular music, film and television, literature, soccer, and protest movements. The Freyrean vision of the unity of Brazilians built on mestiçagem begins a gradual decline in the 1980s with the emergence of an identity politics stressing racial differences and multiculturalism. The book combines intellectual history, sociological and anthropological field work, political science, and cultural studies for a wide-ranging analysis of how Brazilians - across social classes - became Brazilians.

State And Nation Making In Latin America And Spain

Author: Agustin E. Ferraro
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107189829
Size: 70.97 MB
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This book analyzes how developmental states contributed to economic prosperity, sometimes with spectacular success, and sometimes with less brilliant results.

Revolt Of The Saints

Author: John F. Collins
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822395703
Size: 49.97 MB
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In 1985 the Pelourinho neighborhood in Salvador, Brazil was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Over the next decades, over 4,000 residents who failed to meet the state's definition of "proper Afro-Brazilianness" were expelled to make way for hotels, boutiques, NGOs, and other attractions. In Revolt of the Saints, John F. Collins explores the contested removal of the inhabitants of Brazil’s first capital and best-known site for Afro-Brazilian history, arguing that the neighborhood’s most recent reconstruction, begun in 1992 and supposedly intended to celebrate the Pelourinho's working-class citizens and their culture, revolves around gendered and racialized forms of making Brazil modern. He situates this focus on national origins and the commodification of residents' most intimate practices within a longer history of government and elite attempts to "improve" the citizenry’s racial stock even as these efforts take new form today. In this novel analysis of the overlaps of race, space, and history, Collins thus draws on state-citizen negotiations of everyday life to detail how residents’ responses to the attempt to market Afro-Brazilian culture and reimagine the nation’s foundations both illuminate and contribute to recent shifts in Brazil’s racial politics.

Eagles Donkeys And Butterflies

Author: ROBERTO A. DAMATTA
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 62.27 MB
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"For years, anthropologists have been interested in jogo do bicho as a key Brazilian institution. We now have an English translation uniting Roberto DaMatta's theoretical acumen and knowledge of Brazil with Elena Soárez's field work. In Eagles, Donkeys, and Butterflies, they combine a stunningly effective analysis of the game in terms of rituals and symbols with an enlightening analysis of the structural and symbolic significance of the animals and the numbers associated with them. This is a welcome addition to the literature on the game's cultural meaning and its place in the context of Brazilian society." —Conrad P. Kottak, University of Michigan "This book is fascinating and marked by a richness of detail that keeps a reader's attention. It constitutes an important contribution to the understanding of Brazilian and Latin American culture." —Thomas E. Skidmore, Brown University Roberto DaMatta, one of Brazil's foremost anthropologists, and scriptwriter Elena Soárez approach the question of gambling in popular culture in general and its treatment in social anthropology in particular. They focus on the "animal game," a kind of popular Brazilian gambling entertainment or lottery in which locals bet on a list of twenty-five animals. The authors argue that the success of this game, which originated in 1882 with the founding of the first zoo in Rio de Janeiro, and the social release the game provides are significant aspects of Brazilian social history and identity. Within the animal game, players "totemize" and identify with various animals. DaMatta and Soárez use this identification as a lens through which to view present-day Brazilian society, the significance of gambling, and the role of animal images in Brazilian and American popular cultures. Appearing for the first time in English, this well-written work moves smoothly between comprehensive analysis and field observations of specific behaviors and practices, such as the lucky tricks and devices invested with magical thinking by those who play the game.