Robot Law

Author: Ryan Calo
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783476737
Size: 76.79 MB
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Like the Internet before it, robotics is a socially and economically transformative technology. Robot Law explores how the increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment into hospitals, public spaces, and battlefields requires rethinking of a wide variety of philosophical and public policy issues, including how this technology interacts with existing legal regimes, and thus may inspire changes in policy and in law. This volume collects the efforts of a diverse group of scholars who each, in their own way, has worked to overcome barriers in order to facilitate necessary and timely discussions of a technology in its infancy. Identifying controversial legal, ethical, and philosophical problems, the authors reveal how issues surrounding robotics and regulation are more complicated than engineers could have anticipated, and just how much definitional and applied work remains to be done. This groundbreaking examination of a brand-new reality will be of interest and of use to a variety of groups as the authors include engineers, ethicists, lawyers, roboticists, philosophers, and serving military.

The Laws Of Robots

Author: Ugo Pagallo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765649
Size: 57.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book explores how the design, construction, and use of robotics technology may affect today’s legal systems and, more particularly, matters of responsibility and agency in criminal law, contractual obligations, and torts. By distinguishing between the behaviour of robots as tools of human interaction, and robots as proper agents in the legal arena, jurists will have to address a new generation of “hard cases.” General disagreement may concern immunity in criminal law (e.g., the employment of robot soldiers in battle), personal accountability for certain robots in contracts (e.g., robo-traders), much as clauses of strict liability and negligence-based responsibility in extra-contractual obligations (e.g., service robots in tort law). Since robots are here to stay, the aim of the law should be to wisely govern our mutual relationships.

The Reasonable Robot

Author: Ryan Abbott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108472128
Size: 78.11 MB
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Today, AI and people do not compete on a level playing field. From a safety perspective, AI may be the best choice for driving a vehicle, but laws often prohibit driverless vehicles. At the same time, a person may be better at packing boxes at a warehouse, but a business may automate because AI receives preferential tax treatment. Or, AI may be better at helping businesses to innovate, but these same businesses may not want to use AI if doing so restricts future intellectual property rights. In The Reasonable Robot, Ryan Abbott argues that the law should not discriminate between people and AI when they are performing the same tasks, a legal standard that will help to eliminate market distortions and to ensure that decisions are made on the basis of efficiency. This work should be read by anyone interested in the rapidly evolving relationship between AI and the law.

Robot Rules

Author: Jacob Turner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319962353
Size: 62.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book explains why AI is unique, what legal and ethical problems it could cause, and how we can address them. It argues that AI is unlike any other previous technology, owing to its ability to take decisions independently and unpredictably. This gives rise to three issues: responsibility--who is liable if AI causes harm; rights--the disputed moral and pragmatic grounds for granting AI legal personality; and the ethics surrounding the decision-making of AI. The book suggests that in order to address these questions we need to develop new institutions and regulations on a cross-industry and international level. Incorporating clear explanations of complex topics, Robot Rules will appeal to a multi-disciplinary audience, from those with an interest in law, politics and philosophy, to computer programming, engineering and neuroscience.

I Robot

Author: Isaac Asimov
Publisher: Spectra
ISBN: 9780553900330
Size: 39.18 MB
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Here are stories of robots gone mad, of mind-read robots, and robots with a sense of humor. Of robot politicians, and robots who secretly run the world—all told with the dramatic blend of science fact and science fiction that has become Asmiov’s trademark. The three laws of Robotics: 1) A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm 2) A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. 3) A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law. With these three, simple directives, Isaac Asimov changed our perception of robots forever when he formulated the laws governing their behavior. In I, Robot, Asimov chronicles the development of the robot through a series of interlinked stories: from its primitive origins in the present to its ultimate perfection in the not-so-distant future—a future in which humanity itself may be rendered obsolete.

Research Handbook In Data Science And Law

Author: Vanessa Mak
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788111303
Size: 48.37 MB
Format: PDF
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The use of data in society has seen an exponential growth in recent years. Data science, the field of research concerned with understanding and analyzing data, aims to find ways to operationalize data so that it can be beneficially used in society, for example in health applications, urban governance or smart household devices. The legal questions that accompany the rise of new, data-driven technologies however are underexplored. This book is the first volume that seeks to map the legal implications of the emergence of data science. It discusses the possibilities and limitations imposed by the current legal framework, considers whether regulation is needed to respond to problems raised by data science, and which ethical problems occur in relation to the use of data. It also considers the emergence of Data Science and Law as a new legal discipline.

Robot Ethics 2 0

Author: Patrick Lin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190652977
Size: 67.67 MB
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The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life--from the operating room to the bedroom--they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, the Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, the editors of this volume look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of the views as represented in this cutting-edge volume are provocative--but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.

Armed Conflict And International Law In Search Of The Human Face

Author: Mariëlle Matthee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9067049182
Size: 41.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is written in memory of Avril McDonald, who passed away in April 2010. Avril was an inspired and passionate scholar in the fields of international humanitarian law, international criminal law, human rights law and law in the field of arms control and disarmament. What in particular made Avril’s work special, was her strong commitment with the human aspects throughout. Fourteen scholars and practitioners have contributed to this liber amicorum, which has led to a rich variety of topics within the disciplines of Avril’s expertise. They all have in common that they deal with the human perspectives of the discipline of law at hand. They concentrate on the impact of the developments in international law on humans, whether they are civilians, victims of war or soldiers. This human perspective of law makes this book an appropriate tribute to Avril McDonald and at the same time a unique and valuable contribution to international legal research in the present society. A society that becomes more and more characterized by detailed legal systems, defined by institutions that may frequently lack sufficient contact with the people concerned.

The Complete Robot

Author: Isaac Asimov
Publisher: Voyager
ISBN: 9780586057247
Size: 34.56 MB
Format: PDF
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Science fiction-noveller.

The Fifth Law

Author: Stephen W. Wanpok
Publisher: eBookIt.com
ISBN: 1456626043
Size: 61.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The main plot of The Fifth Law revolves around a retirement habitat on an idyllic tropical island where the inhabitants have an average age of 110 years. Global warming and other environmental factors are building to a crisis-level situation at the habitat. The story explores human versus robot, robot versus robot, as well as human versus human encounters in various engaging scenarios. For robots to be effective in executing their tasks without harming their human owners, the decades-old Asimov Laws are stringently enforced by the International Agency for Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (IARAI). Safeguards against intrusion by rogue robots are also required by IARAI. To augment these laws as well as a more recent Fourth Law, a robot researcher proposes a fifth law that champions 'the spirit of brotherhood' amongst robots for ratification by IARAI. Inadvertently, the application of the Fifth Law results in an emergent consciousness in the robots. A business tycoon (Jeremy), who has ambitions to develop island resorts, enlists the help of a renowned climate advocate to acquire the retirement habitat. On the side, he also plans to salvage some sunken treasures in the surrounding waters. A voting procedure is set up for approval of sale by the owners. However, the outsiders run into opposition from the habitat's manager (Timorine), who assembles a ragbag team comprising inhabitants, robots and robot experts. The rivalries between the two groups are closely fought and further complicated by political brinkmanship in the South China Sea. The home team tactically applies experimental robotic technology based on the Fifth Law to overcome challenges in salvaging the sunken cargo. In addition, the centenarians contribute their skills and knowledge to tackle problems as they arise. A fierce underwater battle is fought between the two groups of robots, and Jeremy's team is forced to retreat. Armed with cash from auctioning the partially recovered cargo, the home team now challenges the tycoon's proposal. In the vote for ownership of the island, Jeremy is narrowly defeated. Applying power negotiation tactics, the tycoon's team grabs a 51% stake in the island at a relatively low price. However, it is a pyrrhic victory for the island is soon devastated by a tsunami. The two groups then agreed to re-develop the island together. The story presents a panoply of quirky, delightful human and non-human characters over a one-week period in the year 2040. A robotic dog also provides some heart-warming takes on human-robot interactions. The robotic laws, including the proposed Fifth Law, are tested to the brink whilst human ethics slither into shades of grey. The story ends with a discussion on robotic consciousness enabled by the Fifth Law.