The Blank Slate

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141925914
Size: 60.90 MB
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'A passionate defence of the enduring power of human nature ... both life-affirming and deeply satisfying' Daily Telegraph Recently many people have assumed that we are blank slates shaped by our environment. But this denies the heart of our being: human nature. Violence is not just a product of society; male and female minds are different; the genes we give our children shape them more than our parenting practices. To acknowledge our innate abilities, Pinker shows, is not to condone inequality, but to understand the very foundations of humanity. 'Brilliant ... enjoyable, informative, clear, humane' New Scientist 'If you think the nature-nurture debate has been resolved, you are wrong ... this book is required reading' Literary Review 'An original and vital contribution to science and also a rattling good read' Matt Ridley, Sunday Telegraph 'Startling ... This is a breath of air for a topic that has been politicized for too long' Economist

Closing The Mind Gap

Author: Ted Cadsby
Publisher: BPS Books
ISBN: 1927483808
Size: 32.33 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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We have always struggled, as human beings. But our struggle today is exacerbated by a gap between the increasingly complicated world we have created and the default ways we think about it. Twenty-first-century challenges are qualitatively different from the ones that generations of our ancestors faced, yet our thinking has not evolved to keep pace. We need to catch up. To make smarter decisions -- as governments, organizations, families and individuals -- we need more sophisticated mental strategies for interpreting and responding to today's complexity. Best-selling author and business leader Ted Cadsby explores the insights of cognitive psychology, anthropology, biology, neuroscience, physics, and philosophy to reveal the gap between how we typically tackle complex problems and what complexity actually requires of us. In an accessible and engaging style, he outlines ways to close the gap -- the strategic mental shifts that increase decision-making effectiveness. The bottom line? We need greater complexity in our thinking to match the increasing complexity in our world, and Cadsby shows us how.

Jewish Faith And Modern Science

Author: Norbert M. Samuelson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742565556
Size: 51.36 MB
Format: PDF
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In Jewish Faith and Modern Science, renowned Jewish philosopher and rabbi Norbert Samuelson argues that modern Jewish philosophy has died_that it has failed to address the challenges to traditional beliefs posed by scientific advances, and is therefore no longer relevant to Jews today. Samuelson confronts these challenges head-on, critically reflecting on how all of the forms of contemporary Judaism, from orthodox to liberal to secular to new age, can address questions raised by the latest scientific advances. Considering questions ranging from the existence of the soul, to the relationship between God and particle physics, to the debate over when life begins and ends, Samuelson paves the way for a rebirth of Jewish philosophy applicable to life in the modern world.

Communicating With Kids

Author: Stephanie Davies-Arai
Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1784627585
Size: 52.37 MB
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Confused by all the conflicting parenting advice you hear? Not sure who is right or what to do?

A New Science Of Religion

Author: Gregory W. Dawes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415635853
Size: 65.51 MB
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Religious belief, once in the domain of the humanities, has found a new home in the sciences. Promising new developments in the study of religion by cognitive scientists and evolutionary theorists put forward empirical hypotheses regarding the origin, spread, and character of religious beliefs. Different theories deal with different aspects of human religiosity – some focus on religious beliefs, while others focus on religious actions, and still others on the origin of religious ideas. While these theories might share a similar focus, there is plenty of disagreement in the explanations they offer. This volume examines the diversity of new scientific theories of religion, by outlining the logical and causal relationships between these enterprises. Are they truly in competition, as their proponents sometimes suggest, or are they complementary and mutually illuminating accounts of religious belief and practice? Cognitive science has gained much from an interdisciplinary focus on mental function, and this volume explores the benefits that can be gained from a similar approach to the scientific study of religion.

Philosophy Of Science After Feminism

Author: Janet A. Kourany
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199889813
Size: 48.97 MB
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In this monograph Janet A. Kourany argues for a philosophy of science more socially engaged and socially responsible than the philosophy of science we have now. The central questions feminist scientists, philosophers, and historians have been raising about science during the last three decades form Kourany's point of departure and her response to these questions builds on their insights. This way of approaching science differs from mainstream philosophy of science in two crucial respects: it locates science within its wider societal context rather than treating science as if it existed in a social, political, and economic vacuum; and it points the way to a more comprehensive understanding of scientific rationality, one that integrates the ethical with the epistemic. Kourany develops her particular response, dubbed by her the ideal of socially responsible science, beyond the gender-related questions and contexts that form its origins and she defends it against a variety of challenges, epistemological, historical, sociological, economic, and political. She ends by displaying the important new directions philosophy of science can take and the impressive new roles philosophers of science can fill with the approach to science she offers.

The Brain Snatcher

Author: Pere Estupinyà
Publisher: DEBATE
ISBN: 8499924417
Size: 26.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A eureka-inspiring book that will change your view of the world as you know it. In this compilation of the biggest scientific discoveries of the last decades, Pere Estupinyà clearly and thoughtfully explains to his readers the most innovative ideas sprouting from the world's top scientists' brains... How does the brain act when we are hung-over? Can we trick our body into falling in love? What's the world going to be like in thirty years? All of this, and much more, is explained in this indispensable book for science lovers and the curious-minded. In The Brain Snatcher, the author accesses the world's most prestigious laboratories in order to steal the knowledge of this century's heroes -scientists- and share it with his readers. Through entertaining stories, the reader gets acquainted with the hottest debates in neuroscience, cosmology, genetics, human psychology, sociology of science, and climate change. Moreover, the brain snatcher follows the flu virus through the body; steps into a brain scanner to check if it's capable of detecting his own lies; delves into the frictions between religion and creationism; asks his own hormones why he falls in love; surrenders to the Chaos theory, and sees how disastrous the brain is when it comes to making a thorough decision. He also gets to understand why his pupils dilate when he is having an orgasm; finds the origins of superstitions, analyzes why magazines like Science or Nature make more mistakes than other so-called minor magazines, discovers the reasons that can lead an endearing scientist to keep on investigating until he is 96, and goes crazy trying to figure out what things like antimatter or quantum entanglement are. A buffet of knowledge for those without a science degree, but who are curious about the whys, whats and hows of science!

The Myth Of The Closed Mind

Author: Ray Scott Percival
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697952
Size: 34.41 MB
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“It’s like talking to a brick wall” and “We’ll have to agree to disagree” are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It’s often claimed that some people—fundamentalists or fanatics—are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty. Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains that not being too ready to abandon one’s beliefs is rational.

The New Ecology Of Leadership

Author: David K. Hurst
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231504144
Size: 45.67 MB
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David Hurst has a unique knowledge of organizations—their function and their failure—both in theory and in practice. He has spent twenty-five years as an operating manager, often in crises and turnaround conditions, and is also a widely experienced consultant, teacher, and writer on business. This book is his innovative integration of management practice and theory, using a systems perspective and analogies drawn from nature to illustrate groundbreaking ideas and their practical application. It is designed for readers unfamiliar with sophisticated management concepts and for active practitioners seeking to advance their management and leadership skills. Hurst's objective is to help readers make meaning from their own management experience and education, and to encourage improvement in their practical judgment and wisdom. His approach takes an expansive view of organizations, connecting their development to humankind's evolutionary heritage and cultural history. It locates the origins of organizations in communities of trust and follows their development and maturation. He also crucially tracks the decline of organizations as they age and shows how their strengths become weaknesses in changing circumstances. Hurst's core argument is that the human mind is rational in an ecological, rather than a logical, sense. In other words, it has evolved to extract cues to action from the specific situations in which it finds itself. Therefore contexts matter, and Hurst shows how passion, reason, and power can be used to change and sustain organizations for good and ill. The result is an inspirational synthesis of management theory and practice that will resonate with every reader's experience.