The Dictator S Handbook

Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1610390458
Size: 58.31 MB
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A groundbreaking new theory of the real rules of politics: leaders do whatever keeps them in power, regardless of the national interest. As featured on the viral video Rules for Rulers, which has been viewed over 3 million times. Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and Alastair Smith's canonical book on political science turned conventional wisdom on its head. They started from a single assertion: Leaders do whatever keeps them in power. They don't care about the "national interest"-or even their subjects-unless they have to. This clever and accessible book shows that democracy is essentially just a convenient fiction. Governments do not differ in kind but only in the number of essential supporters, or backs that need scratching. The size of this group determines almost everything about politics: what leaders can get away with, and the quality of life or misery under them. The picture the authors paint is not pretty. But it just may be the truth, which is a good starting point for anyone seeking to improve human governance.

Authoritarian Russia

Author: Vladimir Gel'man
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 0822980932
Size: 62.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Russia today represents one of the major examples of the phenomenon of “electoral authoritarianism” which is characterized by adopting the trappings of democratic institutions (such as elections, political parties, and a legislature) and enlisting the service of the country’s essentially authoritarian rulers. Why and how has the electoral authoritarian regime been consolidated in Russia? What are the mechanisms of its maintenance, and what is its likely future course? This book attempts to answer these basic questions. Vladimir Gel’man examines regime change in Russia from the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 to the present day, systematically presenting theoretical and comparative perspectives of the factors that affected regime changes and the authoritarian drift of the country. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia’s national political elites aimed to achieve their goals by creating and enforcing of favorable “rules of the game” for themselves and maintaining informal winning coalitions of cliques around individual rulers. In the 1990s, these moves were only partially successful given the weakness of the Russian state and troubled post-socialist economy. In the 2000s, however, Vladimir Putin rescued the system thanks to the combination of economic growth and the revival of the state capacity he was able to implement by imposing a series of non-democratic reforms. In the 2010s, changing conditions in the country have presented new risks and challenges for the Putin regime that will play themselves out in the years to come.

From Resilience To Revolution

Author: Sean L. Yom
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231540272
Size: 25.42 MB
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Based on comparative historical analyses of Iran, Jordan, and Kuwait, Sean L. Yom examines the foreign interventions, coalitional choices, and state outcomes that made the political regimes of the modern Middle East. A key text for foreign policy scholars, From Resilience to Revolution shows how outside interference can corrupt the most basic choices of governance: who to reward, who to punish, who to compensate, and who to manipulate. As colonial rule dissolved in the 1930s and 1950s, Middle Eastern autocrats constructed new political states to solidify their reigns, with varying results. Why did equally ambitious authoritarians meet such unequal fates? Yom ties the durability of Middle Eastern regimes to their geopolitical origins. At the dawn of the postcolonial era, many autocratic states had little support from their people and struggled to overcome widespread opposition. When foreign powers intervened to bolster these regimes, they unwittingly sabotaged the prospects for long-term stability by discouraging leaders from reaching out to their people and bargaining for mass support—early coalitional decisions that created repressive institutions and planted the seeds for future unrest. Only when they were secluded from larger geopolitical machinations did Middle Eastern regimes come to grips with their weaknesses and build broader coalitions.

Introduction To Comparative Politics Political Challenges And Changing Agendas

Author: Mark Kesselman
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337560448
Size: 49.18 MB
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Balancing theory with application and featuring an engaging, student-friendly writing style, Updated to reflect today's political climate, INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS offers a country-by-country approach that allows students to examine similarities and differences among countries and within and between political systems. Each chapter offers detailed descriptions and analyses of a country's politics, political challenges and changing agendas. Pedagogy and a condensed narrative help students make connections and comparisons about the countries presented. The eighth edition presents case studies on 13 countries and the European Union, providing an interesting sample of political regimes, levels of economic development and geographic regions. Students contemplate the dramatic Brexit vote, the impeachment of Brazil's president, Russia's drift toward authoritarianism and the polarizing elections of Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron, among other recent political developments. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Principles Of International Politics

Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452202982
Size: 14.62 MB
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Renowned scholar Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations and transformed the field, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition based on extensive reviewer feedback and guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever before, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Bueno de Mesquita's commitment to covering the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics and examination are all there: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, an exploration of the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations, international law, and the global environment. The first part of the book, "Foundations" offers highly accessible coverage of key concepts, introducing students to different ways to think about the national interest and showing them how to use game theory and the strategic perspective/selectorate theory to better understand what happens in all aspects of international affairs. This section uses debate over North Korea's nuclear weapons development as an ongoing example to build concepts and build confidence in the student's how of basic modeling ideas. Also covered is a basic, intuitive introduction to game theory and other evidence and logic based tools for analyzing international relations. Part II, "War," next provides a more thorough evaluation of how domestic political incentives and the domestic institutions of governance shape choices about conflict initiation, escalation, and termination. It also surveys major theories of war and conflict, working through hypotheses derived from constructivism, neo-realism, liberalism and selectorate theory and evaluating them against the evidence to see what actually works and what doesn't. Chapters in Part III, "Peace," build on the logic of collective action to help students see why it is so difficult to get national governments to do "what is right" even when they can agree on what is right, with chapters covering the effectiveness of international organizations and international law, as well as a thorough evaluation of environmental issues, human rights enforcement and the domestic and the international political economy of trade. Part IV, "World Order" emphasizes efforts to promote the spread of democracy and economic prosperity. It also addresses how to understand and deal with terrorism. Whether examining terrorism, the spread of democracy or the alleviation of poverty, chapters in this section carefully examine which strategies work, which do not, and why. The Arab Spring provides a useful ongoing example of the strengths and weaknesses of foreign aid policy and military intervention policies. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn how to mobilize the key concepts and models themselves-thus develop a new method for thinking about world affairs. More than ever before, Principles provides a comprehensive evaluation of all aspects of international affairs, systematically compares the accuracy of competing approaches to international relations, and walks students through the simple, intuitive models and games that capture the essence of the strategic, selectorate viewpoint.

Democracy Declassified

Author: Michael P. Colaresi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199389799
Size: 72.11 MB
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Recent scandals like WikiLeaks and Edward Snowden's disclosure of NSA documents have brought public debates over government accountability and secrecy bubbling to the surface. How can modern democracies balance the need for privacy in delicate foreign policy matters with the necessity of openness in gaining and maintaining the trust of citizens? Democracies keep secrets from potential enemies and their citizens. This simple fact challenges the surprisingly prevalent assumption that foreign policy successes and failures can be attributed to public transparency and accountability. In fact, the ability to keep secrets has aided democratic victories from the European and Pacific theatres in World War II to the global competition of the Cold War. At the same time, executive discretion over the capacity to classify information created the opportunity for abuse that contributed to Watergate, as well as domestic spying and repression in France, Norway and Canada over the past forty years. Therefore, democracies face a secrecy dilemma. Secrecy is useful, but once a group or person has the ability to decide what information is concealed from a rival, citizens can no longer monitor that information. How then can the public be assured that national security policies are not promoting hidden corruption or incompetence? As Democracy Declassified shows, it is indeed possible for democracies to keep secrets while also maintaining useful national security oversight institutions that can deter abuse and reassure the public. Understanding secrecy and oversight in democracies helps us explain not only why the Maginot Line rose and the French Republic fell, or how the US stumbled but eventually won the Cold War, but more generally how democracies can benefit from both public consent and necessary national security secrets. At a time when ubiquitous debates over the issue of institutional accountability and transparency have reached a fever pitch, Democracy Declassified provides a grounded and important view on the connection between the role of secrecy in democratic governance and foreign policy-making.

Adult Add

Author: David B. Sudderth, M.D.
Publisher: Harmony
ISBN: 0307565548
Size: 52.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Impulsivity, hyperactivity, inattention and distractability—words that ring a bell? For the estimated six million Americans suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder, such words interfere with daily life! For another 40 million people, such words alone make them think they have ADD. A disorder that doesn't go away on its own, ADD turns untreated children into frustrated adults. And, adults who have children with ADD, probably have it as well. From the co-authors of Migraines: What Works! and Back Pain: What Works! (both Prima), comes Adult ADD—The Complete Handbook. Although ADD books have appeared on bestseller lists before, this is the first ADD book ever written by neurologists. In simple and friendly terms, co-authors David Sudderth and Joseph Kandel offer help to those leading frustrating lives. They provide coping mechanisms, both psychological and an up-to-date guide to the latest technology that people with ADD will benefit from. In addition to providing a list of primary ADD symptoms and theoretic causes, the handbook also: ·Suggests where they should start and which doctor they should choose ·Explains which medicines (including Ritalin) are effective for ADD treatment ·Offers complimentary treatments, such as changing sleep habits and diet, counseling, and biofeedback ·Provides self-help strategies and coping mechanisms for daily problems For more information about Adult ADD, visit www.neurologist.com.