The Maximum Entropy Method

Author: Nailong Wu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642606296
Size: 34.81 MB
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Forty years ago, in 1957, the Principle of Maximum Entropy was first intro duced by Jaynes into the field of statistical mechanics. Since that seminal publication, this principle has been adopted in many areas of science and technology beyond its initial application. It is now found in spectral analysis, image restoration and a number of branches ofmathematics and physics, and has become better known as the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM). Today MEM is a powerful means to deal with ill-posed problems, and much research work is devoted to it. My own research in the area ofMEM started in 1980, when I was a grad uate student in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Sydney, Australia. This research work was the basis of my Ph.D. the sis, The Maximum Entropy Method and Its Application in Radio Astronomy, completed in 1985. As well as continuing my research in MEM after graduation, I taught a course of the same name at the Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijingfrom 1987to 1990. Delivering the course was theimpetus for developing a structured approach to the understanding of MEM and writing hundreds of pages of lecture notes.

Energy Minimization Methods In Computer Vision And Pattern Recognition

Author: Edwin R. Hancock
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540484329
Size: 76.38 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, EMMCVPR'99, held in York, UK in July 1999. The book presents 11 revised full papers together with 11 papers presented at the meeting as posters. Those papers were selected from a total of 33 submissions. The book is divided in sections on shape, minimum description length, Markov random fields, contours, search and consistent labeling, tracking and video, and biomedical applications.

Muon Spin Rotation Relaxation And Resonance

Author: Alain Yaouanc
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199596476
Size: 71.38 MB
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Intended for graduate students and researchers who plan to use the muon spin rotation and relaxation techniques. A comprehensive discussion of the information extracted from measurements on magnetic and superconductor materials. The muonium centres as well as the muon and muonium diffusion in materials are discussed.

Bayesian Inference And Maximum Entropy Methods In Science And Engineering

Author: Adriano Polpo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319911430
Size: 21.32 MB
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These proceedings from the 37th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering (MaxEnt 2017), held in São Carlos, Brazil, aim to expand the available research on Bayesian methods and promote their application in the scientific community. They gather research from scholars in many different fields who use inductive statistics methods and focus on the foundations of the Bayesian paradigm, their comparison to objectivistic or frequentist statistics counterparts, and their appropriate applications. Interest in the foundations of inductive statistics has been growing with the increasing availability of Bayesian methodological alternatives, and scientists now face much more difficult choices in finding the optimal methods to apply to their problems. By carefully examining and discussing the relevant foundations, the scientific community can avoid applying Bayesian methods on a merely ad hoc basis. For over 35 years, the MaxEnt workshops have explored the use of Bayesian and Maximum Entropy methods in scientific and engineering application contexts. The workshops welcome contributions on all aspects of probabilistic inference, including novel techniques and applications, and work that sheds new light on the foundations of inference. Areas of application in these workshops include astronomy and astrophysics, chemistry, communications theory, cosmology, climate studies, earth science, fluid mechanics, genetics, geophysics, machine learning, materials science, medical imaging, nanoscience, source separation, thermodynamics (equilibrium and non-equilibrium), particle physics, plasma physics, quantum mechanics, robotics, and the social sciences. Bayesian computational techniques such as Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling are also regular topics, as are approximate inferential methods. Foundational issues involving probability theory and information theory, as well as novel applications of inference to illuminate the foundations of physical theories, are also of keen interest.

The Cross Entropy Method

Author: Reuven Y. Rubinstein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475743211
Size: 73.24 MB
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Rubinstein is the pioneer of the well-known score function and cross-entropy methods. Accessible to a broad audience of engineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians and in general anyone, theorist and practitioner, who is interested in smart simulation, fast optimization, learning algorithms, and image processing.