The Natural

Author: Bernard Malamud
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 146680503X
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Introduction by Kevin Baker The Natural, Bernard Malamud's first novel, published in 1952, is also the first—and some would say still the best—novel ever written about baseball. In it Malamud, usually appreciated for his unerring portrayals of postwar Jewish life, took on very different material—the story of a superbly gifted "natural" at play in the fields of the old daylight baseball era—and invested it with the hardscrabble poetry, at once grand and altogether believable, that runs through all his best work. Four decades later, Alfred Kazin's comment still holds true: "Malamud has done something which—now that he has done it!—looks as if we have been waiting for it all our lives. He has really raised the whole passion and craziness and fanaticism of baseball as a popular spectacle to its ordained place in mythology."

The Normativity Of The Natural

Author: Mark J. Cherry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048123011
Size: 13.30 MB
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Western philosophy has long nurtured the hope to resolve moral controversies through reason; thereby to secure moral direction and human meaning without the need for a defining encounter with God or the transcendent. The expectation is for a moral rationality that is universal and able adequately to frame and guide the moral life. Moral and cultural unity was sought though philosophical reflection on human nature and the basic goods of a properly nurtured and virtuous life—that is, through appeal to what has come to be called the natural law. The natural law addresses permissible moral choice through objective understandings of human nature and human goods. Persons are obligated to act in ways that are compatible with creating and integrating the basic human goods into their lives and the lives of others. Such goods provide the basis for practical reasoning about virtuous choices and immediate reasons for action. The goal is the making of rational choices in the pursuit of a virtuous, flourishing, human life. Natural law theorists have argued extensively against human cloning, abortion, and same-gender marriage. Yet, whose assumptions regarding human nature should guide our understanding of the basic goods that mark the full flourishing human life? Moreover, why should nature, even human nature, be thought of as a moral boundary beyond which one must not trespass? Persons may wish actively to direct human evolution, utilizing the tools of both imagination and biotechnology. Perhaps nature is simply a challenge to be addressed, overcome, and set aside. This volume is a critical exploration of natural law theory.

The Changing Profile Of The Natural Law

Author: Michael Bertram Crowe
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789024719921
Size: 46.20 MB
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This work approaches international law as more than merely information contained in international legal norms, & does not view international law as a body of objective & binding normative commands. As 'legal knowledge', international law encompasses rules, practices & the expectations actors derive through legal reasoning from conventional legal rules, customary norms, international adjudication, & international legal theory. The study is in three parts. Part I constructs a framework to analyze the effectiveness of international law to influence decision-making within conflict resolution processes. Drawing on the contending approaches of the New Haven School of International Law & its rivals & applying various devices of linkage theory, the analysis isolates variables & indicators of the impact of legal expectations on actors' decision-making style. These variables & indicators also reveal the ways international legal rules are affected by the actors' perceptions about the normative contents of such rules in a particular bargaining process. Parts II & III apply the framework of Part I to explain the role of international law in the Central American peace negotiations of the 1980s. Using the framework, Parts II & III identify sources of uncertainty & diverging expectations in the Western Hemisphere that aggravated rather than assuaged the Central American crisis. Parts II & III also explain the normative constraints that affected Central American decision-makers & provided the basis for most of the regional consensus within the Esquipulas meeting. With the help of heuristic devices from the behavioral sciences, this study of international law proposes an alternative to the traditional views of international legal effectiveness in the modern world. Joaquín Tacsan , Lic. en Der. & M.A. International Law (University of Costa Rica); L.L.M. J.S.D. (Boalt Hall, University of California, Berkeley). Mr Tacsan currently serves as Executive Advisor to former President of Costa Rica & 1987 Nobel Laureate Oscar Arias & as program Advisor of the Arias Foundation's Centre for Peace & Reconciliation. He is professor of Public International Law at the University of San Jose, Costa Rica.

The Natural Rate Of Unemployment

Author: Rod Cross
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521483308
Size: 68.20 MB
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A challenge to the conventional theory of the natural rate of unemployment hypothesis.

Measuring The Natural Environment

Author: Ian Strangeways
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521529525
Size: 65.67 MB
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Cosiderably expanded new edition of a comprehensive survey of environmental measurement techniques.

The Natural And The Artefactual

Author: Keekok Lee
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739100615
Size: 75.35 MB
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In this book, philosopher Keekok Lee challenges one of the central assumptions of contemporary environmentalism: that if we could reduce or eliminate pollution we could 'save' the planet without unduly disrupting our modern, industrialized societies. Lee argues instead that the process of modernization, with its attendant emphasis on technological innovation, has fundamentally transformed 'nature' into just another manmade 'artefact.' Ultimately, what needs to be determined is if nature has value above and beyond human considerations, whether aesthetic, spiritual, or biological. This provocative book attempts to reconfigure environmental ethics, positing the existence of two separate ontological categories--the 'natural' and the 'artefactual.' Natural entities, be they organisms or inert matter, are 'morally considerable' because they possess the ontological value of independence, whereas artefacts are created by humans expressly to serve their own interests and ends.

The Natural And The Normative

Author: Gary Carl Hatfield
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262080866
Size: 71.31 MB
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Gary Hatfield examines theories of spatial perception from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century and provides a detailed analysis of the works of Kant and Helmholtz, who adopted opposing stances on whether central questions about spatial perception were amenable to natural-scientific treatment. At stake were the proper understanding of the relationships among sensation, perception, and experience, and the proper methodological framework for investigating the mental activities of judgment, understanding, and reason issues which remain at the core of philosophical psychology and cognitive science. Hatfield presents these important issues as living philosophies of science that shape and are shaped by actual research programs, creating a complex and fascinating picture of the entire nineteenth-century battle between nativism and empiricism. His examination of Helmholtz's work in physiological optics and epistemology is a tour de force. Gary Hatfield is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania.

The Artificial And The Natural

Author: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262026201
Size: 57.38 MB
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Notions of nature and art as they have been defined and redefined in Western culture,from the Hippocratic writers and Aristotle of Ancient Greece to nineteenth-century chemistry andtwenty-first century biomimetics.

The Natural Superiority Of Women

Author: Ashley Montagu
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780761989820
Size: 35.70 MB
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"An iconoclast, Montagu wields his encyclopedic knowledge of physical anthropology to show how women's biological, genetic, and physical characteristics make her not only man's equal, but his superior. Also a humanist, Montagu points to the emotional and social qualities typically ascribed to women and devalued as being central to the attainment of equitable and just social relations."--BOOK JACKET.