Há em toda filosofia um inacabamento, uma carência, uma provisoriedade, uma abertura essencial. O que faz com que um pensamento seja filosófico é o seu estado de aberto, como um horizonte. Tal como um horizonte, que é constituído pela sua abertura e seu limite, toda filosofia é constituída pelo âmbito de pensamento que ela abre. E abrindo um âmbito fecha os outros. Debruçada sobre o seu âmbito, o seu tema e o seu questionamento, a filosofia está sempre voltando a formular sua questão, está sempre voltando a perguntar. Nenhuma filosofia jamais responde suficientemente a pergunta que ela mesma suscita. Nenhuma filosofia jamais abarca por inteiro o objeto que ela se propõe a interrogar. Nenhuma filosofia jamais percorre todo o campo do seu questionamento, jamais resolve todas as lacunas que ela mesma escava. E permanece filosofia exatamente por abrir seu horizonte e deixar mover esse horizonte em sua amplitude e nitude.
Release on 2004 | by Barry D. Sell,Louise M. Burkhart,Gregory Spira
Author: Barry D. Sell,Louise M. Burkhart,Gregory Spira
Pubpsher: University of Oklahoma Press
Category: Foreign Language Study
Death and Life in Colonial Nahua Mexico presents seven dramas from the first truly American theater. Composed in Nahuatl during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, most of these plays survive only in later copies. Five are morality plays. Presenting Christian views of moral reform, death, judgment, and punishment for sin, they reveal how these themes were adapted into Nahua culture. The other two plays dramatize biblical narratives: the stories of Abraham and Isaac and of the three wise men. In this volume, Barry D. Sell and Louise M. Burkhart offer faithful transcriptions of the Nahuatl as well as new English translations of these remarkable dramas. Accompanying the plays are four interpretive essays and a foreword that broaden our understanding of these rare works. This volume is the first in a four-volume set entitled Nahuatl Theater, edited by Barry D. Sell and Louise M. Burkhart
A Genealogy of the Written Word in Spain and New Spain, C.550-1550
Author: David Rojinsky
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This volume traces a genealogy of the varied conceptions and functions of alphabetic writing in Hispanic cultures of the pre-modern and early colonial periods. The historical junctures selected are those at which the written word (in grammatical, historical and legal discourse) assumed increased ideological importance for bolstering different kinds of 'imperial' power. In effect,Companion to Empire posits a constellation of historical scenarios, rather than a singular mythical origin, in which the alliance between writing and imperium might be discerned. The corpus of primary texts considered in the volume derives from works by foundational figures in the history of pre-modern language theories (Isidore of Seville, Alfonso X the Wise, Antonio de Nebrija) and from those identified with the early transatlantic expansion of alphabetic writing (Peter Martyr D'Anghiera, Bernardino de Sahagún, Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán). By reading these canonical texts against the grain, the author avoids the totalizing gesture of histories of the language, and instead focuses upon the relationship between prestige written languages, the creation of a 'literate mentality' and the need to consolidate imperium on both sides of the Atlantic.Companion to Empire will thus be of interest to those adopting a 'post-philological' approach to Hispanic Studies, as well as those interested in medieval and transatlantic imperium studies.
Release on 2014-02-09 | by Barbara Cassin,Emily Apter,Jacques Lezra,Michael Wood
A Philosophical Lexicon
Author: Barbara Cassin,Emily Apter,Jacques Lezra,Michael Wood
Pubpsher: Princeton University Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Characters in some languages, particularly Hebrew and Arabic, may not display properly due to device limitations. Transliterations of terms appear before the representations in foreign characters. This is an encyclopedic dictionary of close to 400 important philosophical, literary, and political terms and concepts that defy easy--or any--translation from one language and culture to another. Drawn from more than a dozen languages, terms such as Dasein (German), pravda (Russian), saudade (Portuguese), and stato (Italian) are thoroughly examined in all their cross-linguistic and cross-cultural complexities. Spanning the classical, medieval, early modern, modern, and contemporary periods, these are terms that influence thinking across the humanities. The entries, written by more than 150 distinguished scholars, describe the origins and meanings of each term, the history and context of its usage, its translations into other languages, and its use in notable texts. The dictionary also includes essays on the special characteristics of particular languages--English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish. Originally published in French, this one-of-a-kind reference work is now available in English for the first time, with new contributions from Judith Butler, Daniel Heller-Roazen, Ben Kafka, Kevin McLaughlin, Kenneth Reinhard, Stella Sandford, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Jane Tylus, Anthony Vidler, Susan Wolfson, Robert J. C. Young, and many more.The result is an invaluable reference for students, scholars, and general readers interested in the multilingual lives of some of our most influential words and ideas. Covers close to 400 important philosophical, literary, and political terms that defy easy translation between languages and cultures Includes terms from more than a dozen languages Entries written by more than 150 distinguished thinkers Available in English for the first time, with new contributions by Judith Butler, Daniel Heller-Roazen, Ben Kafka, Kevin McLaughlin, Kenneth Reinhard, Stella Sandford, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Jane Tylus, Anthony Vidler, Susan Wolfson, Robert J. C. Young, and many more Contains extensive cross-references and bibliographies An invaluable resource for students and scholars across the humanities