Windows Into The Soul

Author: Gary T. Marx
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022628591X
Size: 67.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In Windows into the Soul, Gary T. Marx sums up a lifetime of work on issues of surveillance and social control by disentangling and parsing the empirical richness of watching and being watched. Ultimately, Marx argues, recognizing complexity and asking the right questions is essential to bringing light and accountability to the darker, more iniquitous corners of our emerging surveillance society.

The Handbook Of Social Control

Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 1119372356
Size: 25.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 3170
An essential resource that contains a contemporary overview of the concept of social control and its main approaches The Handbook of Social Control offers a comprehensive review of the concepts of social control in today’s environment and focuses on the most relevant theories associated with social control. With contributions from noted experts in the field across 32 chapters, the depth and scope of the Handbook reflects the theoretical and methodological diversity that exists within the study of social control. Chapters explore various topics including: theoretical perspectives; institutions and organizations; law enforcement; criminal justice agencies; punishment and incarceration; surveillance; and global developments. This Handbook explores a variety of issues and themes on social control as being a central theme of criminological reflection. The text clearly demonstrates the rich heritage of the major relevant perspectives of social control and provides an overview of the most important theories and dimensions of social control today. Clarifies the most salient theoretical and conceptual issues involved with the social-scientific study of social control Considers the various societal organizations and agencies that are involved with the planning and execution of social control mechanisms Includes information on the history of incarceration, the dynamics of prison culture, the problem of mass incarceration, the resistance of abolitionism, and the death penalty Discusses the dynamics of border control and immigration policies Written for academics, undergraduate, and graduate students in the fields of criminology, criminal justice, and sociology, The Handbook of Social Control is an indispensable resource that explores a contemporary view of the concept of social control.

Global Surveillance And Policing

Author: Elia Zureik
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN: 9781843921615
Size: 33.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Leading authorities in the field who have been working on the common problem of policing and surveillance at physical and virtual borders at a time of increased perceived threat give their views.

Envisioning The Survey Interview Of The Future

Author: Frederick George Conrad
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Size: 72.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6048
Praise forEnvisioning the Survey Interview of the Future "This book is an excellent introduction to some brave new technologies . . . and their possible impacts on the way surveys might be conducted. Anyone interested in the future of survey methodology should read this book." Norman M. Bradburn, PhD, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago "Envisioning the Survey Interview of the Future gathers some of the brightest minds in alternative methods of gathering self-report data, with an eye toward the future self-report sample survey. Conrad and Schober, by assembling a group of talented survey researchers and creative inventors of new software-based tools to gather information from human subjects, have created a volume of importance to all interested in imagining future ways of interviewing." Robert M. Groves, PhD, Survey Research Center, University of Michigan This collaboration provides extensive insight into the impact of communication technology on survey research As previously unimaginable communication technologies rapidly become commonplace, survey researchers are presented with both opportunities and obstacles when collecting and interpreting data based on human response. Envisioning the Survey Interview of the Future explores the increasing influence of emerging technologies on the data collection process and, in particular, self-report data collection in interviews, providing the key principles for using these new modes of communication. With contributions written by leading researchers in the fields of survey methodology and communication technology, this compilation integrates the use of modern technological developments with established social science theory. The book familiarizes readers with these new modes of communication by discussing the challenges to accuracy, legitimacy, and confidentiality that researchers must anticipate while collecting data, and it also provides tools for adopting new technologies in order to obtain high-quality results with minimal error or bias. Envisioning the Survey Interview of the Future addresses questions that researchers in survey methodology and communication technology must consider, such as: How and when should new communication technology be adopted in the interview process? What are the principles that extend beyond particular technologies? Why do respondents answer questions from a computer differently than questions from a human interviewer? How can systems adapt to respondents' thinking and feeling? What new ethical concerns about privacy and confidentiality are raised from using new communication technologies? With its multidisciplinary approach, extensive discussion of existing and future technologies, and practical guidelines for adopting new technology, Envisioning the Survey Interview of the Future is an essential resource for survey methodologists, questionnaire designers, and communication technologists in any field that conducts survey research. It also serves as an excellent supplement for courses in research methods at the upper-undergraduate or graduate level.

Encyclopedia Of Privacy N Z

Author: William G. Staples
ISBN: 9780313334795
Size: 47.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 964
Writing in their famous Harvard Law Review article of 1890, Louis Brandeis and Samuel Warren asserted what many have considered one of the most cherished American values: the "right to be let alone." Yet in this post-9/11 world, it seems that personal privacy is under siege. New threats to privacy have arisen in the face of competing social, political, and economic demands, rapid technological change, and an intrusive and voyeuristic mass media. Citizens are barraged on a daily basis with stories of corporate data mining, government surveillance programs, identity theft, and computer hacking of personal information. As a result, citizens are becoming increasingly concerned about their personal privacy as well as their privacy rights. This encyclopedia, the first of its kind, comprehensively overviews various aspects of privacy throughout U.S. history, including significant legal cases, events, laws, organizations, individuals, technology, and terms. With some 225 alphabetically arranged entries written by more than 100 leading scholars and experts in the field, this work will appeal to those interested in both historical and contemporary notions of privacy in the United States. Readers will learn of the significance of technology in today's society, its helpful and harmful effects on citizens' privacy, and what to expect in the future. Entries Include: Abortion, Anti-Wire Tap Statutes, Biometric Identifiers, Carnivore, Data Brokers, DNA and DNA Banking, Freedom of Information Act, Global Positioning Satellites, Identity Fraud, Library Records, National Identification Card, Open Meeting Laws, Privacy Torts, Right to Be Let Alone, Search Warrant, Social Security Number, Telecommunications Act of 1996, Telemarketing, United States Postal Service, USA Patriot Act, Workplace Privacy, and many more. Entries cite print and electronic resources, and the Encyclopedia closes with a listing of books, organizations, websites, films, and other sources of information. Supports the social studies curriculum by helping students understand the evolution of the right to privacy, the threats to privacy in contemporary America, and the ethical issues surrounding technology in the modern world.

Ethics Of Spying

Author: Jan Goldman
ISBN: 9780810861985
Size: 51.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 679
Ethics of Spying: A Reader for the Intelligence Professional, Volume 2 continues where the first book ended, but with a twist. It begins with a historical perspective of the expectations of the moral and ethical conduct of intelligence personnel. A previously classified memo from 1941 and a report from 1954 provide a sense of both the history and the perception of standard professional conduct by government officials-both describing intelligence as an amoral albeit necessary profession. The first half of the book defines an intelligence professional, while the second half seeks to apply theoretical and practical perspectives to that definition.

Smart Sentencing

Author: James M. Byrne
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: 9780803941649
Size: 54.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 7371
In search of remedies to the growing problem of correctional crowding, federal, state, and local policy makers have begun to experiment with a range of new "intermediate" sanctions. These sanctions have taken a variety of forms--intensive probation supervision, home confinement, boot camps, day fines, residential community corrections, day reporting centers, and community service programs. In Smart Sentencing a distinguished panel of experts offers an in-depth assessment of the design, development, and impact of each of these intermediate sanctions while also discussing the most controversial issues surrounding the use of alternative punishments (e.g., the purpose of sanctions, effectiveness issues, gender bias, overrepresentation of minorities). The contributors also look at the future of intermediate sanctions and consider the many questions posed by criminal justice professionals and students regarding their continued development. "New concepts in sentencing are explored, including home supervision, electronic monitoring, boot camps, day fines, community service programs, residential community corrections, and day reporting centers." --The Women's Advocate "Smart Sentencing is a rich, critical collection evaluating various intermediate sanctions such as community service, drug treatment programs, and electronic monitoring. Twenty articles by leading U.S. researchers ably chronicle progress made--and not made--by the movement for intermediate sanctions." --Update "Smart Sentencing is a rich and stimulating collection of reports from the field. Contributors to this volume are astute observers of criminal justice operations, and they rarely hesitate to describe problems when they see them. . . . Smart Sentencing is highly recommended and well worth reading. . . . While this volume strongly supports the 'intermediate sanction movement,' it goes well beyond rhetoric by providing professional assessments of what works and what doesn't work. It also outlines a direction for future studies of intermediate sanctions." --Federal Probation "A major contribution to the study of this resurgent field. . . . Smart Sentencing includes previously unpublished works from some renowned authorities on intermediate sanctions. The book is aimed at academics and correctional administrators who desire a better understanding of intermediate sanctions. In concert with that aim, the contributors keep the use of complex inferential statistics to a minimum, instead relying on descriptive methods of measuring diversion and cost savings. . . . Just as important, almost all of the articles lay conceptual and theoretical foundations for a particular sanction, something frequently neglected by in-house correctional researchers and administrators." --The Criminologist "This book provides a fairly detailed account of the experience of intermediate sanctions in America. . . . Overall, this is a useful book and the general quality of the contributions is high." --The Magistrate

The Intensification Of Surveillance

Author: Kirstie Ball
Publisher: Pluto Pr
ISBN: 9780745319940
Size: 68.55 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2275
Shocking expose of surveillance methods. Shows how we can combat crime without eroding civil liberties.